How to format your references using the International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamilton C (2013) No, we should not just “at least do the research.” Nature 496:139
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuji K, Tsutani K (2008) Follow the leader. Nature 453:851–852
A journal article with 3 authors
Phillips BL, Casey WH, Karlsson M (2000) Bonding and reactivity at oxide mineral surfaces from model aqueous complexes. Nature 404:379–382
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Price GD, Twitchett RJ, Wheeley JR, Buono G (2013) Isotopic evidence for long term warmth in the Mesozoic. Sci Rep 3:1438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2000) Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hilty LM, Aebischer B (eds) (2015) ICT Innovations for Sustainability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chen W, Fu Z-J, Chen CS (2014) Open Issues and Perspectives. In: Fu Z-J, Chen CS (eds) Recent Advances in Radial Basis Function Collocation Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 89–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Long Duration Spaceflight Dramatically Decreases Your Ability To Do Exercise. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Observations on Software Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Todman JV (2016) Applicability of health care leadership competence and leadership behaviors for women’s achieving health care executive status. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2009) Modern Dance and Art Bring a Burst of Color to a Gray City. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamilton 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tsuji and Tsutani 2008; Hamilton 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsuji and Tsutani 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Price et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture
ISSN (print)2195-3228
ISSN (online)2251-7715

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