How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul D. 2000. A double-edged sword. Nature. 405(6786):515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romanov-Michailidis F, Rovis T. 2015. Organic chemistry: Natural polarity inverted. Nature. 523(7561):417–418.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerritelli SM, Chon H, Crouch RJ. 2011. Molecular biology. A new twist for topoisomerase. Science. 332(6037):1510–1511.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
O’Brien CM, Fox CJ, Planque B, Casey J. 2000. Climate variability and North Sea cod. Nature. 404(6774):142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mesterton-Gibbons M. 2007. A Concrete Approach to Mathematical Modelling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Masys AJ, editor. 2014. Networks and Network Analysis for Defence and Security. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwarzwald H, Collins EM, Gillespie S, Spinks-Franklin AIA. 2015. Future Health Implications. In: Collins EM, Gillespie S, Spinks-Franklin AIA, editors. International Adoption and Clinical Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 49–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Cunning Cats Forced Dogs To Evolve... Or Go Extinct. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Long-Range Planning Can Improve the Efficiency of Agricultural Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ouyang A. 2006. Embryonic Stem Cell Culture in Fibrous Bed Bioreactor [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele K. 2002. BackTalk; A Brother Finds Family Comfort in Turbulent Waters. New York Times.:811.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Paul 2000; Romanov-Michailidis and Rovis 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romanov-Michailidis and Rovis 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Brien et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Biol.
ISSN (print)0955-3002
ISSN (online)1362-3095
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles