How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V. 2005. High-energy career lines. Nature. 434(7035):936–937.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doumy G, DiMauro LF. 2008. Chemistry. Interrogating molecules. Science. 322(5905):1194–1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
Labrosse S, Hernlund JW, Coltice N. 2007. A crystallizing dense magma ocean at the base of the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 450(7171):866–869.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Jimenez R, Flynn C, MacDonald J, Gibson BK. 2003. The cosmic production of helium. Science. 299(5612):1552–1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA. 2015. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. Alexandria, USA: American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Rothman J, editor. 2012. From Identity-Based Conflict to Identity-Based Cooperation: The ARIA Approach in Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Parrisbalogun S. 2013. Adherence. In: Loue S, editor. Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS. New York, NY: Springer; p. 75–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. Is There LIFE Elsewhere In The Universe? IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Energy Research: Recovery of Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeClerk CC. 2008. The relationship between retail store manager leadership styles and employee generational cohort, performance, and satisfaction [Doctoral dissertation]. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2016. ‘Stranger Things’ Will Return in 2017. New York Times.:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2005; Doumy and DiMauro 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doumy and DiMauro 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jimenez et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Biol.
ISSN (print)0955-3002
ISSN (online)1362-3095
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles