How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruvkun G. 2001. Molecular biology. Glimpses of a tiny RNA world. Science. 294(5543):797–799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sawa A, Snyder SH. 2005. Genetics. Two genes link two distinct psychoses. Science. 310(5751):1128–1129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moynier F, Yin Q-Z, Schauble E. 2011. Isotopic evidence of Cr partitioning into Earth’s core. Science. 331(6023):1417–1420.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Frey U, Brodbeck T, Majumdar A, Taylor DR, Town GI, Silverman M, Suki B. 2005. Risk of severe asthma episodes predicted from fluctuation analysis of airway function. Nature. 438(7068):667–670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti P. 2014. Baustatik. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Cardoso J, Guerra F, Houben G-J, Pinto AM, Velegrakis Y, editors. 2015. Semantic Keyword-based Search on Structured Data Sources: First COST Action IC1302 International KEYSTONE Conference, IKC 2015, Coimbra, Portugal, September 8-9, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Saraiva MG. 2016. Brazil’s Rise and Its Soft Power Strategy in South America. In: Gardini GL, Almeida MHT de, editors. Foreign Policy Responses to the Rise of Brazil: Balancing Power in Emerging States. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; p. 46–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Biology.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Skeleton Hanging In Alaskan School Gym May Belong To An Undescribed Species Of Whale. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30]. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/skeleton-hanging-in-alaskan-school-gym-may-belong-to-an-unsubscribed-species-of-whale/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Airport Finance: Information on Funding Sources and Planned Capital Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguerrebere Y. 2009. Case study of home-school visits [Doctoral dissertation]. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton MB. 2011. Finding More Founders. New York Times.:BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ruvkun 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ruvkun 2001; Sawa and Snyder 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sawa and Snyder 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Frey et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Biol.
ISSN (print)0955-3002
ISSN (online)1362-3095
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

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