How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp S. 2003. Dynamic diversity. Nature. 422:475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moreno NP, Erdmann DB. 2010. SPORE: Science Prize for Online Resources in Education. Addressing science teacher needs. Science. 327:1589–1590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vieira-Pires RS, Szollosi A, Morais-Cabral JH. 2013. The structure of the KtrAB potassium transporter. Nature. 496:323–328.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Burrows MT, Schoeman DS, Buckley LB, Moore P, Poloczanska ES, Brander KM, Brown C, Bruno JF, Duarte CM, Halpern BS, et al. 2011. The pace of shifting climate in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Science. 334:652–655.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young S, Bramham J. 2012. Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy for ADHD in Adolescents and Adults. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Sadowski T, Trovalusci P, editors. 2014. Multiscale Modeling of Complex Materials: Phenomenological, Theoretical and Computational Aspects. 1st ed. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zohuri B, Fathi N. 2015. Laminar Incompressible Forced Convection. In: Fathi N, editor. Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Nuclear Reactors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 117–181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Biology.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. Researchers Figure Out The “Golden Rule” Of Internet Dating. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Adult Education Review. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM. 2011. A recruitment campaign for Latino non-kin foster parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Roslyn Chooses New Schools Superintendent. New York Times.:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Grant 2007; Guillén 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moreno & Erdmann 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Feuillet-Palma et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Biol.
ISSN (print)0955-3002
ISSN (online)1362-3095
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles