How to format your references using the International Journal of Radiation Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Radiation Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turnpenny L. 2009. Journal club. A stem-cell researcher considers an accusation of dullness. Nature. 459:143.
A journal article with 2 authors
Batistatou A, Charalabopoulos K. 2008. The picture of Oscar X. Nature. 455:834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyagoshi T, Kageyama A, Sato T. 2010. Zonal flow formation in the Earth’s core. Nature. 463:793–796.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
McDonald FB, Stone EC, Cummings AC, Heikkila B, Lal N, Webber WR. 2003. Enhancements of energetic particles near the heliospheric termination shock. Nature. 426:48–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kracke E-A, Lodde K. 2011. Leitfaden Straßenbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Casario M. 2009. The Essential Guide to Flash CS4 AIR Development. Shorten A, Weggheleire KD, Ronchi M, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Hirsch F, Profeta C, Roynette B, Yor M. 2011. The Sato Process Method. In: Profeta C, Roynette B, Yor M, editors. Peacocks and Associated Martingales, with Explicit Constructions. Milano: Springer; p. 181–221.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Radiation Biology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2015. What Actually Causes A Supervolcanic Eruption? IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. NASA: Ares I and Orion Project Risks and Key Indicators to Measure Progress. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright NC. 2010. The association between rheumatoid arthritis, bone strength, and body composition within the women’s health initiative [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz J, Armendariz A. 2017. Years of Questions, but Researcher Gets a Pass. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Turnpenny 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Batistatou & Charalabopoulos 2008; Turnpenny 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Batistatou & Charalabopoulos 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (McDonald et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Radiat. Biol.
ISSN (print)0955-3002
ISSN (online)1362-3095
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles