How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmacy Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom P. Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science. 2004 Jun 11;304(5677):1605–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zitvogel L, Kroemer G. CANCER. A p53-regulated immune checkpoint relevant to cancer. Science. 2015 Jul 31;349(6247):476–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schieber J, Krinsley D, Riciputi L. Diagenetic origin of quartz silt in mudstones and implications for silica cycling. Nature. 2000 Aug 31;406(6799):981–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
MacDonald D, Demarre G, Bouvier M, Mazel D, Gopaul DN. Structural basis for broad DNA-specificity in integron recombination. Nature. 2006 Apr 27;440(7088):1157–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart R. Plautus and Roman Slavery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Tweedale JW, Jain LC, Watada J, Howlett RJ, editors. Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXXII, 400 p. 147 illus., 83 illus. in color. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies; vol. 30).
A chapter in an edited book
Bilgin A, Hagras H, Wagner C. Novel Approaches to Artefact Adaptation in Ambient Intelligent Environments. In: Ultes S, Nothdurft F, Heinroth T, Minker W, editors. Next Generation Intelligent Environments: Ambient Adaptive Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 165–219.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmacy Practice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Aurora Borealis Illuminates the Skies [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of Several Aspects of the Internal Revenue Service’s Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Aug. Report No.: GGD-77-73.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan JA. An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. With Loss and an Injury, It’s Just Another Day for the Mets. New York Times. 2017 Jun 28;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm. Pract.
ISSN (print)0961-7671
ISSN (online)2042-7174
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles