How to format your references using the International Journal of Pharmacy Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elmegreen BG. Astronomy. Dark matter in galactic collisional debris. Science. 2007 May 25;316(5828):1132–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
di Bernardo D, Murray A. Explaining the T-wave shape in the ECG. Nature. 2000 Jan 6;403(6765):40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravin AA, Hannon GJ, Brennecke J. The Piwi-piRNA pathway provides an adaptive defense in the transposon arms race. Science. 2007 Nov 2;318(5851):761–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao S, Chen D, Li Q, Ye J, Jiang H, Amatore C, et al. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging of cancer cells and tumors through specific biosynthesis of silver nanoclusters. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 17;4:4384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher HG, Forrest HS, Grossel SS, Huff JE, Muller AR, Noronha JA, et al. Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1993.
An edited book
Otto H-U, Atzmüller R, Berthet T, Bifulco L, Bonvin J-M, Chiappero-Martinetti E, et al., editors. Facing Trajectories from School to Work: Towards a Capability-Friendly Youth Policy in Europe. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XII, 394 p. 15 illus. (Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects; vol. 20).
A chapter in an edited book
Leach R. Pneumonia. In: McLuckie A, editor. Respiratory Disease and its Management. London: Springer; 2009. p. 51–9. (Knighton J, Sadler P, editors. Competency-Based Critical Care).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pharmacy Practice.

Blog post
Fang J. Enormous Ocean Discovered On Jupiter’s Moon [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. B-2 Bomber: Initial Flight Tests. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-90-284.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Danna RJ. Learning-Assisted Market-Based Optimization for Truck Task Scheduling [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Board Renewing Searches By Trained Dogs at School. New York Times. 2007 Feb 4;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
AbbreviationInt. J. Pharm. Pract.
ISSN (print)0961-7671
ISSN (online)2042-7174
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles