How to format your references using the EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibum HO. Beyond the ivory tower. What kind of science is experimental physics? Science. 2004 Oct 1;306(5693):60–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies IW, Welch CJ. Looking forward in pharmaceutical process chemistry. Science. 2009 Aug 7;325(5941):701–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holmes EA, Craske MG, Graybiel AM. Psychological treatments: A call for mental-health science. Nature. 2014 Jul 17;511(7509):287–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jamwal S, Midha MK, Verma HN, Basu A, Rao KVS, Manivel V. Characterizing virulence-specific perturbations in the mitochondrial function of macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:1328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Myers FR. Get the Job You Want, Even When No One’s Hiring. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
O’Hern DM. Natural Science Education, Indigenous Knowledge, and Sustainable Development in Rural and Urban Schools in Kenya: Toward Critical Postcolonial Curriculum Policies and Practices. Nozaki Y, editor. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Hennessy O, Kane C. Starting with a Game Design Document: A Methodology for Success. In: Bondo J, Fothergill A, Greenstone B, Hennessy O, Kasprzak M, Lee M, et al., editors. iPhone Games Projects. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2009. p. 129–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale T. Scientists Are Looking To Pay People $17,000 To Lay In Bed For 60 days [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chemical and Biological Warfare: Use of Collective Protection on Vehicles, Aircraft, and Ships. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-91-273FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark S. Psychological resilience, daily stressors, and implications for physical activity levels in mothers with young children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Cosmic Comeuppance for the Dodgers. New York Times. 2011 Apr 29;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sibum 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Davies and Welch 2009; Sibum 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies and Welch 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Jamwal et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry
AbbreviationEJNMMI Radiopharm. Chem.
ISSN (online)2365-421X

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