How to format your references using the EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis J. U.S. POSTDOCS: Report Urges Better Treatment, Status. Science. 2000 Sep 15;289(5486):1854b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsukevich DN, Kuzmich A. Quantum state transfer between matter and light. Science. 2004 Oct 22;306(5696):663–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green DR, Galluzzi L, Kroemer G. Mitochondria and the autophagy-inflammation-cell death axis in organismal aging. Science. 2011 Aug 26;333(6046):1109–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schulze E-D, Mollicone D, Achard F, Matteucci G, Federici S, Eva HD, et al. Climate change. Making deforestation pay under the Kyoto Protocol? Science. 2003 Mar 14;299(5613):1669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sab K, Lebée A. Homogenization of Heterogeneous Thin and Thick Plates. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Bini C, Bech J, editors. PHEs, Environment and Human Health: Potentially harmful elements in the environment and the impact on human health. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Fischer M, Meyer S, Oswald M, Claudel P, Karst F. Metabolic Engineering of Monoterpenoid Production in Yeast. In: Bach TJ, Rohmer M, editors. Isoprenoid Synthesis in Plants and Microorganisms: New Concepts and Experimental Approaches. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 65–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S. New State of Matter Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Performance Computing and Communications: New Program Direction Would Benefit from a More Focused Effort. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Nov. Report No.: AIMD-95-6.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson-Tessi M. Mathematical models of tumor growth and therapy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ewing J. Fiat Chrysler to Modify 100,000 Vehicles After Emission-Cheating Claims. New York Times. 2017 May 19;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Matsukevich and Kuzmich 2004; Mervis 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsukevich and Kuzmich 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Schulze et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry
AbbreviationEJNMMI Radiopharm. Chem.
ISSN (online)2365-421X

Other styles