How to format your references using the EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anderson DL. Geophysics. Top-down tectonics? Science. 2001 Sep 14;293(5537):2016–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowan JJ, Sneden C. Heavy element synthesis in the oldest stars and the early Universe. Nature. 2006 Apr 27;440(7088):1151–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark TA, Sugnet CW, Ares M Jr. Genomewide analysis of mRNA processing in yeast using splicing-specific microarrays. Science. 2002 May 3;296(5569):907–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Merkel TC, Freeman BD, Spontak RJ, He Z, Pinnau I, Meakin P, et al. Ultrapermeable, reverse-selective nanocomposite membranes. Science. 2002 Apr 19;296(5567):519–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fryirs KA, Brierley GJ. Geomorphic Analysis of River Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Wee Sit E, editor. Sensors and Instrumentation, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Eyerer P, Gettwert V, Kauffman A, Kroh M. Processing (Primary Forming) of Plastics into Structural Components. In: Eyerer P, editor. Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 167–286.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. One Quarter Of The World Will Be Powered By Renewable Energy By 2020 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Overseas Allowances: Improvements Needed in Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Feb. Report No.: NSIAD-90-46.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino MY. My Concierge MD, Inc. a business plan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein J. Mayor’s Call Did Not Prompt Pastor’s Release, Police Say. New York Times. 2014 Feb 12;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anderson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson 2001; Cowan and Sneden 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowan and Sneden 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Merkel et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry
AbbreviationEJNMMI Radiopharm. Chem.
ISSN (online)2365-421X

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