How to format your references using the EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharon M. Biochemistry. Structural MS pulls its weight. Science. 2013 May 31;340(6136):1059–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen P-W, Ali MM. Investigating Leggett-Garg inequality for a two level system under decoherence in a non-Markovian dephasing environment. Sci. Rep. 2014 Aug 22;4:6165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pendry JB, Martín-Moreno L, Garcia-Vidal FJ. Mimicking surface plasmons with structured surfaces. Science. 2004 Aug 6;305(5685):847–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stephan KE, Marshall JC, Friston KJ, Rowe JB, Ritzl A, Zilles K, et al. Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain. Science. 2003 Jul 18;301(5631):384–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fogel DB, Liu D, Keller JM. Fundamentals of Computational Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
North PE, Sander T, editors. Vascular Tumors and Developmental Malformations: Pathogenic Mechanisms and Molecular Diagnosis. 1st ed. 2016. New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Knox E. Tomboys in the Work of Carson McCullers. In: Farris DN, Davis MA, Compton DR, editors. Illuminating How Identities, Stereotypes and Inequalities Matter through Gender Studies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Pretended Neptune Was An Exoplanet To Improve Our Chances Of Finding Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Motor Vehicle Safety: Key Issues Confronting the National Advanced Driving Simulator. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Aug. Report No.: RCED-92-195.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mhatre AB. Zone-Clipper [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Say Cheese At This Deli And You’ll Get 3 Dozen Types. New York Times. 2008 Nov 30;NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharon 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Ali 2014; Sharon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Ali 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Stephan et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry
AbbreviationEJNMMI Radiopharm. Chem.
ISSN (online)2365-421X

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