How to format your references using the EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser D. The search for clean cash. Nature. 2011 Apr 7;472(7341):30–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gale M Jr, Foy EM. Evasion of intracellular host defence by hepatitis C virus. Nature. 2005 Aug 18;436(7053):939–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich J, Heine SJ, Norenzayan A. Most people are not WEIRD. Nature. 2010 Jul 1;466(7302):29.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Devireddy LR, Teodoro JG, Richard FA, Green MR. Induction of apoptosis by a secreted lipocalin that is transcriptionally regulated by IL-3 deprivation. Science. 2001 Aug 3;293(5531):829–34.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick H-J, Finger A. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
Shergill I, Arya M, Upile T, Arya N, Dasgupta P, editors. Surgical Emergencies in Clinical Practice. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kullmann O, Lynce I, Marques-Silva J. Categorisation of Clauses in Conjunctive Normal Forms: Minimally Unsatisfiable Sub-clause-sets and the Lean Kernel. In: Biere A, Gomes CP, editors. Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing - SAT 2006: 9th International Conference, Seattle, WA, USA, August 12-15, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 22–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R. Google’s DeepMind Has An AI That Understands The Benefits Of Betrayal [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Attrition at the Five Federal Service Academies. Enclosure B: Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Mar. Report No.: FPCD-76-12B.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmgren JL. Instructor responses to rhetorical dissent: Student perceptions of justice and classroom outcomes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. This Means Something, as Well as Something Else. New York Times. 2016 Oct 14;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gale and Foy 2005; Kaiser 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gale and Foy 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Devireddy et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEJNMMI Radiopharmacy and Chemistry
AbbreviationEJNMMI Radiopharm. Chem.
ISSN (online)2365-421X

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