How to format your references using the International Journal of Mining Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bignami GF. Astronomy. Two missions, one microquasar. Science 2009;326:1490–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickman DK, Davis GW. The schizophrenia susceptibility gene dysbindin controls synaptic homeostasis. Science 2009;326:1127–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Didenko YT, McNamara WB 3rd, Suslick KS. Molecular emission from single-bubble sonoluminescence. Nature 2000;407:877–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Turner RE, Baustian JJ, Swenson EM, Spicer JS. Wetland sedimentation from hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science 2006;314:449–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaplan W. Maxima and Minima with Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
Bhushan M. Microelectronic Test Structures for CMOS Technology. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Marshall AW, Olkin I, Arnold BC. Equivalent Conditions for Majorization. In: Olkin I, Arnold BC, editors. Inequalities: Theory of Majorization and Its Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 155–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mining Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Hitchhiking Robot Is Decapitated And Left In A Ditch After Just Two Weeks. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray TM. A grounded theory of U.S. Army installation realignment and closure leadership characteristics. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Lead Story. New York Times 2017:ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mining Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Min. Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)2095-2686
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Other styles