How to format your references using the International Journal of Mineral Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mineral Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J., 2001. Mad cow disease comes to Japan. Nature 413, 240.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, M., Izpisua Belmonte, J.C., 2014. Ageing: Genetic rejuvenation of old muscle. Nature 506, 304–305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lambers, J.H.R., Clark, J.S., Beckage, B., 2002. Density-dependent mortality and the latitudinal gradient in species diversity. Nature 417, 732–735.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, J.-H., Khoo, E., Bai, P., Bazant, M.Z., 2014. Over-limiting current and control of dendritic growth by surface conduction in nanopores. Sci. Rep. 4, 7056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, D.L., 2012. Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Ibrahimbegovic, A., Kozar, I. (Eds.), 2007. Extreme Man-Made and Natural Hazards in Dynamics of Structures, NATO Security through Science Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Weirich, S., Casinghino, C., 2012. Generic Programming with Dependent Types, in: Gibbons, J. (Ed.), Generic and Indexed Programming: International Spring School, SSGIP 2010, Oxford, UK, March 22-26, 2010, Revised Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 217–258.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mineral Processing.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Early Humans Could Have Been Using Tools 500,000 Years Earlier Than We Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Survey of Large- and Medium-Hub Airports on Existing and Planned Bus and Rail Connections, an E-supplement to GAO-05-727 (No. GAO-05-738SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kong, C., 2001. Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. Deadly, Stylish Comfort. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Giles, 2001; Li and Izpisua Belmonte, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Izpisua Belmonte, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mineral Processing
AbbreviationInt. J. Miner. Process.
ISSN (print)0301-7516
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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