How to format your references using the International Journal of Mineral Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mineral Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller, H.F., 2005. RNA structure: reading the ribosome. Science 309, 1508–1514.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelliher, T., Walbot, V., 2012. Hypoxia triggers meiotic fate acquisition in maize. Science 337, 345–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rouxel, O.J., Bekker, A., Edwards, K.J., 2005. Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state. Science 307, 1088–1091.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Whibley, A.C., Langlade, N.B., Andalo, C., Hanna, A.I., Bangham, A., Thébaud, C., Coen, E., 2006. Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum. Science 313, 963–966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taha, A.-E.M., Hassanein, H.S., Ali, N.A., 2011. LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Öechsner, A., Augustin, C. (Eds.), 2009. Multifunctional Metallic Hollow Sphere Structures: Manufacturing, Properties and Application, Engineering Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Placier, P., Pinnegar, S., Hamilton, M.L., Guilfoyle, K., 2005. Exploring the Concept of Dialogue in the Self-Study of Teaching Practices, in: Kosnik, C., Beck, C., Freese, A.R., Samaras, A.P. (Eds.), Making a Difference in Teacher Education Through Self-Study: Studies of Personal, Professional and Program Renewal, Self Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mineral Processing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. The Strange Process Of Coral Bleaching Is Caught On Camera For First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Information Security: Many NASA Missions-Critical Systems Face Serious Risks (No. AIMD-99-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E., 2017. Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kelliher and Walbot, 2012; Noller, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelliher and Walbot, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Whibley et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mineral Processing
AbbreviationInt. J. Miner. Process.
ISSN (print)0301-7516
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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