How to format your references using the International Journal of Mineral Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mineral Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt, S., 2013. Genetics: written in blood. Nature 498, S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caliskan, S., Laref, A., 2014. Spin transport properties of n-polyacene molecules (n = 1-15) connected to Ni surface electrodes: theoretical analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 7363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldner, A., Herold, N., Huber, M., 2014. Antarctic glaciation caused ocean circulation changes at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature 511, 574–577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pandur, P., Läsche, M., Eisenberg, L.M., Kühl, M., 2002. Wnt-11 activation of a non-canonical Wnt signalling pathway is required for cardiogenesis. Nature 418, 636–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M.H., 2003. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agmon, T., 2016. Venture Capital and the Inventive Process: VC Funds for Ideas-Led Growth. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Blum, E.K., Savitch, W., 2011. The Software Side of Computer Science – Computer Programming, in: Blum, E.K., Aho, A.V. (Eds.), Computer Science: The Hardware, Software and Heart of It. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mineral Processing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. These New Super-Realistic Moving Dinosaur Models Are Terrifying [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects (No. AIMD-98-82). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pantallion, A.S., 2015. A parallel comparison of views regarding student preparation for introductory college chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E., 1994. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times 1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeWeerdt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Caliskan and Laref, 2014; DeWeerdt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caliskan and Laref, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pandur et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mineral Processing
AbbreviationInt. J. Miner. Process.
ISSN (print)0301-7516
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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