How to format your references using the International Journal of Mineral Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mineral Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice, C., 2011. Perspective: miles to go before we sleep. Nature 474, S8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kormendy, J., Bender, R., 2011. Supermassive black holes do not correlate with dark matter haloes of galaxies. Nature 469, 377–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kleckner, N., Zickler, D., Witz, G., 2013. Molecular biology. Chromosome capture brings it all together. Science 342, 940–941.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, T., Liao, Q., Jiang, X., Shao, Y., Xiao, B., Xi, Y., Guo, J., 2014. Long noncoding RNA associated-competing endogenous RNAs in gastric cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 6088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knudsen, S., 2005. A Biologist’s Guide to Analysis of DNA Microarray Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lupski, J.R., Stankiewicz, P. (Eds.), 2006. Genomic Disorders: The Genomic Basis of Disease. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamamoto, A., 2010. Molecular basis for specification of the vertebrate head field, in: Sasano, T., Suzuki, O. (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2009. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 27–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mineral Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Describe Potential New DNA Base [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Higher Education: Experts Cited a Range of Requirements as Burdensome (No. GAO-13-371). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, M., 2010. Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Bar Cars Are Coming Back, but Don’t Expect a Seat. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rice, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kormendy and Bender, 2011; Rice, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kormendy and Bender, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mineral Processing
AbbreviationInt. J. Miner. Process.
ISSN (print)0301-7516
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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