How to format your references using the International Journal of Endocrine Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Endocrine Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Khochbin S. Persian role in flowering of Islamic science. Nature. 405(6782), 14 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
England PC, Katz RF. Global systematics of arc volcano position. Nature. 468(7325), E6-7; discussion E7-8 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganesh G, Osu R, Naito E. Feeling the force: returning haptic signals influence effort inference during motor coordination. Sci. Rep. 3, 2648 (2013).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Briscoe WH, Titmuss S, Tiberg F, Thomas RK, McGillivray DJ, Klein J. Boundary lubrication under water. Nature. 444(7116), 191–194 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin JM. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ehrhardt J, Lorenz C, editors. 4D Modeling and Estimation of Respiratory Motion for Radiation Therapy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fitzgerald JB, George J, Christenson LK. Non-coding RNA in Ovarian Development and Disease. In: Non-coding RNA and the Reproductive System. Wilhelm D, Bernard P (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 79–93 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Endocrine Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Three Trillion Trees Live On Earth, But There Would Be Twice As Many Without Humans [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller DB. Nurse educators’ leadership styles and nurse graduates’ licensure passage rates. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. The Gradual Extinction of Accepted Truths. New York Times, D6 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Endocrine Oncology
AbbreviationInt. J. Endocr. Oncol.
ISSN (print)2045-0869
ScopeCancer Research
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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