How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Madden, J. D. W. (2009). Materials science. Stiffer than steel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1571–1572.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyas, V. S., & Lotsch, B. V. (2015). Materials chemistry: Organic polymers form fuel from water. Nature, 521(7550), 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
McDermott, F., Mattey, D. P., & Hawkesworth, C. (2001). Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1328–1331.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boetius, A., Ravenschlag, K., Schubert, C. J., Rickert, D., Widdel, F., Gieseke, A., Amann, R., Jørgensen, B. B., Witte, U., & Pfannkuche, O. (2000). A marine microbial consortium apparently mediating anaerobic oxidation of methane. Nature, 407(6804), 623–626.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S. (2011). Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Manzullo, E. F., Gonzalez, C. E., Escalante, C. P., & Yeung, S.-C. J. (Eds.). (2016). Oncologic Emergencies (1st ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Offenberg, A. K. (2007). The Riddle of the Baskets of 1726. In M. F. J. Baasten & R. Munk (Eds.), Studies in Hebrew Literature and Jewish Culture: Presented to Albert van der Heide on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday (pp. 57–80). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics Letters.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 23). Here’s What Happens To Your Brain When You Give Up Sugar For Lent. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Oil and Gas Transportation: Department of Transportation Is Taking Actions to Address Rail Safety, but Additional Actions Are Needed to Improve Pipeline Safety (GAO-14-667). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katavic, I. (2014). Corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitive advantage: A case study of the cement industry [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, G. (2010, December 26). Titans in Party Dresses: Socialite, debutante, advocate: all spell Hadley Marie Nagel, who at 19 boasts a résumé over the top. New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Madden, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Madden, 2009; Vyas & Lotsch, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vyas & Lotsch, 2015)
  • Three authors: (McDermott et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boetius et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics Letters
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron. Lett.
ISSN (print)2168-1724
ISSN (online)2168-1732

Other styles