How to format your references using the International Journal of Electronics Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Electronics Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Randall, L. (2002). Extra dimensions and warped geometries. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5572), 1422–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, A., & Lee, K. (2011). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6045), 959–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yao, M.-C., Fuller, P., & Xi, X. (2003). Programmed DNA deletion as an RNA-guided system of genome defense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1581–1584.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, G., Chai, J., Suber, T. L., Wu, J. W., Du, C., Wang, X., & Shi, Y. (2000). Structural basis of IAP recognition by Smac/DIABLO. Nature, 408(6815), 1008–1012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W. (2012). Do Species Exist? Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sun, X., Liu, A., Chao, H.-C., & Bertino, E. (Eds.). (2016). Cloud Computing and Security: Second International Conference, ICCCS 2016, Nanjing, China, July 29-31, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (Vol. 10040). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garland, R. (2013). Bronchoscopy Unit Design for Advanced Procedures. In A. Ernst & F. J. F. Herth (Eds.), Principles and Practice of Interventional Pulmonology (pp. 37–47). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Electronics Letters.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 20). El Niño Brings Venomous Sea Snakes To California. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). U.S. Involvement at Major International Air Shows Principally Depends on Agencies’ Missions and Aerospace Companies’ Resources (No. GAO-07-1165R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seyed Jalali Aghdam, S. M. (2015). Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, July 28). Putting the Passion of Opera Behind Bars. New York Times, p. C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Randall, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond & Lee, 2011; Randall, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond & Lee, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Yao, Fuller, & Xi, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Electronics Letters
AbbreviationInt. J. Electron. Lett.
ISSN (print)2168-1724
ISSN (online)2168-1732

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