How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dwek E. Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust. Science. 2006;313:178–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schiermeier Q, Tollefson J. Climate change: a Nobel cause. Nature. 2007;449:766–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Van Gaal LF, Mertens IL, De Block CE. Mechanisms linking obesity with cardiovascular disease. Nature. 2006;444:875–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Müller-Navarra DC, Brett MT, Liston AM, Goldman CR. A highly unsaturated fatty acid predicts carbon transfer between primary producers and consumers. Nature. 2000;403:74–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Duffy DJ. Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Villalobos FJ, Fereres E, editors. Principles of Agronomy for Sustainable Agriculture. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cao Y, Leroux P, Steyaert M. Background on Time-to-Digital Converters. In: Leroux P, Steyaert M, editors. Radiation-Tolerant Delta-Sigma Time-to-Digital Converters. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 39–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What is a comet, and will ISON explode? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-comet-and-will-ison-explode/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Student Loan Programs: Lower Interest Rates and Higher Loan Volume Have Increased Federal Consolidation Loan Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-568T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bartaula B. Stand Level Growth and Survival Equations for Cutover Sites Loblolly Pine Plantations in the Mid-Gulf Region of Southern United States [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. TV in the Age of Trump. New York Times. 2017 May 20;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)1070-5503
ISSN (online)1532-7558
ScopeApplied Psychology

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