How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marty B. Planetary science. The primordial porridge. Science. 2006;312:706–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Makova KD, Li W-H. Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature. 2002;416:624–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Michael Beman J, Arrigo KR, Matson PA. Agricultural runoff fuels large phytoplankton blooms in vulnerable areas of the ocean. Nature. 2005;434:211–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lai CS, Fisher SE, Hurst JA, Vargha-Khadem F, Monaco AP. A forkhead-domain gene is mutated in a severe speech and language disorder. Nature. 2001;413:519–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Briffaut J-P. E-Enabled Operations Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Sonneveld C. Plant Nutrition of Greenhouse Crops. Voogt W, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cudney EA. Development of Strategic Quality Metrics for Organizations Using Hoshin Kanri. In: Sampaio P, Saraiva P, editors. Quality in the 21st Century: Perspectives from ASQ Feigenbaum Medal Winners. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Earth and Moon Are 60 Million Years Older Than Previously Believed [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/earth-and-moon-are-60-million-years-older-previously-believed/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Educating People at Risk for AIDS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jun. Report No.: T-PEMD-88-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Baxter JM. Enantioselective Mannich-type Reactions Promoted by Strained Silane Lewis Acids: Selective Generation of Two Contiguous Stereocenters and Entry into a Novel Class of Pyrrolidines [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kolomatsky M. Best Neighborhoods for Night Workers. New York Times. 2017 Jul 14;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)1070-5503
ISSN (online)1532-7558
ScopeApplied Psychology

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