How to format your references using the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Torsvik TH. Geology. The Rodinia jigsaw puzzle. Science. 2003;300:1379–81.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mederos A, Lamberg-Karlovsky CC. Converting currencies in the Old World. Nature. 2001;411:437.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Stroud RM, Nittler LR, Alexander CMO. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science. 2004;305:1455–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hoffman JI, Forcada J, Trathan PN, Amos W. Female fur seals show active choice for males that are heterozygous and unrelated. Nature. 2007;445:912–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Das JC. Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1. Schmorrow DD, Fidopiastis CM, editors. Foundations of Augmented Cognition: 7th International Conference, AC 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Issar G, Navon LR. Decision Support Systems (DSS). In: Navon LR, editor. Operational Excellence: A Concise Guide to Basic Concepts and Their Application. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. World’s Largest Offshore Windfarm Given Green Light To Be Built Off Britain’s Coast. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. General Services Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: OCG-93-28TR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Keep AW. A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Court Weighs Right to Guns, And Its Limits. New York Times. 2008 Mar 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Behavioral Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Behav. Med.
ISSN (print)1070-5503
ISSN (online)1532-7558
ScopeApplied Psychology

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