How to format your references using the Injury citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Niiler E. Good neighbours. Nature 2003;426:690–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Fengos G, Iber D. Prediction stability in a data-based, mechanistic model of σF regulation during sporulation in Bacillus subtilis. Sci Rep 2013;3:2755.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schön JH, Kloc C, Batlogg B. Superconductivity in molecular crystals induced by charge injection. Nature 2000;406:702–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ji H, Ehrlich LIR, Seita J, Murakami P, Doi A, Lindau P, et al. Comprehensive methylome map of lineage commitment from haematopoietic progenitors. Nature 2010;467:338–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R. Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Vilanova R, Visioli A, editors. PID Control in the Third Millennium: Lessons Learned and New Approaches. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ding N. On Zero-Knowledge with Strict Polynomial-Time Simulation and Extraction from Differing-Input Obfuscation for Circuits. In: Lehmann A, Wolf S, editors. Information Theoretic Security: 8th International Conference, ICITS 2015, Lugano, Switzerland, May 2-5, 2015. Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Small Birds Warring Over Nests Resort To Parasitism. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Changes Needed in Administering Relief to Industries Hurt by Overseas Competition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Campbell AJ. History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Savage C, Sullivan E. Sessions Widens Official Inquiry On Media Leaks. New York Times 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury
AbbreviationInjury
ISSN (print)0020-1383
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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