How to format your references using the Injury citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gomez H. Astrophysics: Survival of the largest. Nature 2014;511:296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Südhof TC, Rothman JE. Membrane fusion: grappling with SNARE and SM proteins. Science 2009;323:474–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lee A, Dennis C, Campbell P. Nature’s guide for mentors. Nature 2007;447:791–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kurz T, Ozlü N, Rudolf F, O’Rourke SM, Luke B, Hofmann K, et al. The conserved protein DCN-1/Dcn1p is required for cullin neddylation in C. elegans and S. cerevisiae. Nature 2005;435:1257–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sandén BI. Design of Multithreaded Software. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Stahl A, editor. Anti-Angiogenic Therapy in Ophthalmology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ahmed M, Singh VK, Upadhyay RS. Brassica Rhizosphere-Microbe Interactions and Their Role in Phytoremediation. In: Anjum NA, Ahmad I, Pereira ME, Duarte AC, Umar S, Khan NA, editors. The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 139–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Six Newly Discovered Genetic Variants Help Explain Coffee Habits. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Examples of Job Hopping by Commercial Drivers After Failing Drug Tests. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Austin JH. Performing the past: Two pageant traditions in Nauvoo, Illinois. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Davey M, Yaccino S. Milwaukee Suburb Tries to Cope With Girl’s Stabbing. New York Times 2014:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury
AbbreviationInjury
ISSN (print)0020-1383
ScopeEmergency Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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