How to format your references using the Infrared Physics and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infrared Physics and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
G.A. Fiete, Physics. How do you want that insulator?, Science. 332 (2011) 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
I.A. Bonnell, W.K.M. Rice, Star formation around supermassive black holes, Science. 321 (2008) 1060–1062.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
B.J. Richmond, Z. Liu, M. Shidara, Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards, Science. 301 (2003) 179–180.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
J.S. Lipp, Y. Morono, F. Inagaki, K.-U. Hinrichs, Significant contribution of Archaea to extant biomass in marine subsurface sediments, Nature. 454 (2008) 991–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
D. Olsen, The Lean Product Playbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
K.-K. Lau, W. Lamersdorf, E. Pimentel, eds., Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Second European Conference, ESOCC 2013, Málaga, Spain, September 11-13, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
A. Resmini, L. Rosati, The Semantic Environment: Heuristics for a Cross-Context Human–Information Interaction Model, in: E. Dubois, P. Gray, L. Nigay (Eds.), The Engineering of Mixed Reality Systems, Springer, London, 2010: pp. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infrared Physics and Technology.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Lab Worker Accidentally Infects Himself With Smallpox-Like Virus, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/lab-worker-accidentally-infects-himself-smallpox-virus/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Status of the EF-111A Tactical Jamming System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
A.R. Briseno, Improving school performance through family involvement: A grant project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S.K.C. by L. Van Gelder, Arts, Briefly; Saving Shostakovich, New York Times. (2004) E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfrared Physics and Technology
AbbreviationInfrared Phys. Technol.
ISSN (print)1350-4495
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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