How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kidwell SM. Shell composition has no net impact on large-scale evolutionary patterns in mollusks. Science. 2005;307(5711):914-917.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Von Hippel D, Hayes P. International security. Energy security for North Korea. Science. 2007;316(5829):1288-1289.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vega AV, Avila G, Matthews G. Interaction between the transcriptional corepressor Sin3B and voltage-gated sodium channels modulates functional channel expression. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2809.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lahdenperä M, Lummaa V, Helle S, Tremblay M, Russell AF. Fitness benefits of prolonged post-reproductive lifespan in women. Nature. 2004;428(6979):178-181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hackshaw A. How to Write a Grant Application. Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Baudenbacher C, ed. The Handbook of EEA Law. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Capello R, Fratesi U. Space and Empirical Approaches to Regional Growth. In: Camagni R, Chizzolini B, Fratesi U, eds. Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competiveness and Global Strategies. Advances in Spatial Science. Springer; 2008:49-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Japan’s Latest Tsunami Reaction Shows Lessons Learned From Previous Disasters. IFLScience. Published November 22, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/japans-latest-tsunami-reaction-shows-lessons-learned-from-previous-disasters/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Training Procurement: Weaknesses Identified in NTSB Procurement Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gan K. A Parity-Violating Spin Rotation Measurement of Transversely Polarized Cold Neutrons Through a Liquid Helium Target. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Cubs Open Title Defense With a One-Two Punch by Bryant and Rizzo. New York Times. October 7, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Tuberculosis
AbbreviationIndian J. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0019-5707
ScopeInfectious Diseases

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