How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pardoll DM. Immunology. Stress, NK receptors, and immune surveillance. Science. 2001;294(5542):534-536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Groisman A, Steinberg V. Efficient mixing at low Reynolds numbers using polymer additives. Nature. 2001;410(6831):905-908.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pierce JL, Meyer GA, Jull AJT. Fire-induced erosion and millennial-scale climate change in northern ponderosa pine forests. Nature. 2004;432(7013):87-90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
La Spina A, Paolicchi P, Kryszczyńska A, Pravec P. Retrograde spins of near-Earth asteroids from the Yarkovsky effect. Nature. 2004;428(6981):400-401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasser W, Heiner E, Elk K. Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- Und Vielteilchenphysik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
Boeckh K, Rutar S, eds. The Balkan Wars from Contemporary Perception to Historic Memory. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Howard M. You Don’t Have to Have All the Answers. In: Loughran J, Smith K, Berry A, eds. Scientific Literacy Under the Microscope: A Whole School Approach to Science Teaching and Learning. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2011:47-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.

Blog post
Davis J. Genetically Engineered Bacteria Could Detect Cancer And Tell You By Making Your Pee Glow. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolodkowicz R. Leadership qualities and employee-student future intentions. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Unseen Ingredients: Cash, and Lots of Time. New York Times. August 28, 2016:WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Tuberculosis
AbbreviationIndian J. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0019-5707
ScopeInfectious Diseases

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