How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooers AO. Biodiversity: Supply and demand. Nature. 2014;509(7499):171-172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen PW, Ali MM. Investigating Leggett-Garg inequality for a two level system under decoherence in a non-Markovian dephasing environment. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi JS, Du M, Zajac AJ. A vital role for interleukin-21 in the control of a chronic viral infection. Science. 2009;324(5934):1572-1576.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carpenter SR, DeFries R, Dietz T, et al. Ecology. Millennium ecosystem assessment: research needs. Science. 2006;314(5797):257-258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson DW, Woodward JL. Release. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Wijesundara MBJ. Silicon Carbide Microsystems for Harsh Environments. Vol 22. (Azevedo R, ed.). Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Debois S, Hildebrandt T, Slaats T. Concurrency and Asynchrony in Declarative Workflows. In: Motahari-Nezhad HR, Recker J, Weidlich M, eds. Business Process Management: 13th International Conference, BPM 2015, Innsbruck, Austria, August 31 -- September 3, 2015, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:72-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Fossil Evidence Suggests There Have Been 6 Mass Extinctions, Not 5. IFLScience. Published April 17, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Protest of Air Force Contract Award. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Friedman DE. Characterization of Organic Matter in Suspended Sediments Via Pyrolysis and Oxidation. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kleinfield NR, Rashbaum WK. Possible Clues In Fatal Chase, But No Motive. New York Times. October 5, 2013:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Tuberculosis
AbbreviationIndian J. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0019-5707
ScopeInfectious Diseases

Other styles