How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Tuberculosis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett WS. Cancer and the microbiota. Science. 2015;348(6230):80-86.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron JL, Bynum WF. Millennial highlights...from Gerbert d’Aurillac to Watson and Crick. Nature. 2000;403(6765):13-16.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan W, Smith C, Cheng L. Expanded activity of dimer nucleases by combining ZFN and TALEN for genome editing. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2376.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Manucharyan VE, Koch J, Glazman LI, Devoret MH. Fluxonium: single cooper-pair circuit free of charge offsets. Science. 2009;326(5949):113-116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kagan E, Ben-Gal I. Probabilistic Search for Tracking Targets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Chuang T-J, Anderson PM, Wu M-K, Hsieh S, eds. Nanomechanics of Materials and Structures. Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauby P. Water Globalization: The Strategies of the Two French “Majors.” In: Schneier-Madanes G, ed. Globalized Water: A Question of Governance. Springer Netherlands; 2014:45-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Tuberculosis.

Blog post
Andrew E. Latest Beautiful Photo From NASA Shows The Moon And The ISS. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Doctoral Programs in Public Administration: Some Basic Data and a Few Comments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nattress DA. Benefits of single-gender education: Perceptions of middle grade teachers. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S. Be of Good Fear. New York Times. November 14, 1993:745.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Tuberculosis
AbbreviationIndian J. Tuberc.
ISSN (print)0019-5707
ScopeInfectious Diseases

Other styles