How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker M. Synthetic genomes: The next step for the synthetic genome. Nature. 2011;473:403, 405–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Merikangas KR, Risch N. Genomic priorities and public health. Science. 2003;302:599–601.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tseng C-H, Gobell JL, Sperling G. Long-lasting sensitization to a given colour after visual search. Nature. 2004;428:657–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pauly N, Knight MR, Thuleau P, van der Luit AH, Moreau M, Trewavas AJ, et al. Control of free calcium in plant cell nuclei. Nature. 2000;405:754–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Simmendinger H. HOAI 2013: Praxisleitfaden für Ingenieure und Architekten. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2013.
An edited book
1. Fisher P. Spring Persistence with Hibernate. 2nd ed. 2016. Murphy BD, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Xie F, Browne JC. Verification of Component-Based Software Application Families. In: Gorton I, Heineman GT, Crnković I, Schmidt HW, Stafford JA, Szyperski C, et al., editors. Component-Based Software Engineering: 9th International Symposium, CBSE 2006, Västerås, Sweden, June 29 - July 1, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 50–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Scientists Explain Why We Can’t Resist Puppy Dog Eyes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Report of Withholding of Budget Authority Provided for Grants for the Education of Immigrant Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984 Mar. Report No.: OGC-84-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Caldretti M. Vocal Pedagogy and the Adolescent Female Singing Voice [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Steven Lee Myers;, Joyce H. Man contributed reporting for this article. Emphasizing Creativity, Not Collectivity. New York Times. 2005 Feb 5;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationIndian J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0254-8860
ISSN (online)0975-0711

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