How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zellers D. Scientists and societies. Building a regional postdoc community. Nature. 2005;433:178.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cimpian A, Leslie S-J. WOMEN IN SCIENCE. Response to Comment on “Expectations of brilliance underlie gender distributions across academic disciplines.” Science. 2015;349:391.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tupler R, Perini G, Green MR. Expressing the human genome. Nature. 2001;409:832–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rohwer T, Hellmann S, Wiesenmayer M, Sohrt C, Stange A, Slomski B, et al. Collapse of long-range charge order tracked by time-resolved photoemission at high momenta. Nature. 2011;471:490–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Saunders A, Allen L. Credit Risk Management in and Out of the Financial Crisis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ilic D, editor. Stem Cell Banking. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Jakovác A, Patkós A. Optimized Perturbation Theory. In: Patkós A, editor. Resummation and Renormalization in Effective Theories of Particle Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 69–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Crows Can’t Get The Hang Of Teamwork [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Dec. Report No.: HEHS-95-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dill KD. Nonparametric alternative to Poly-k test in animal tumorigenicity studies [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Advice to New Chief From the Lesser of Two Equals: Call Me Nino. New York Times. 2005 Nov 9;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationIndian J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0254-8860
ISSN (online)0975-0711

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