How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pain E. Science careers. An adventurous physicist. Science. 2008;320:1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Grande C, Patel NH. Nodal signalling is involved in left-right asymmetry in snails. Nature. 2009;457:1007–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Barry L, Craig GC, Thuburn J. Poleward heat transport by the atmospheric heat engine. Nature. 2002;415:774–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yang W, Yuan Y, Zong Y, Huang Z, Mai S, Li Y, et al. Preliminary study on retinal vascular and oxygen-related changes after long-term silicone oil and foldable capsular vitreous body tamponade. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sinzinger S, Jahns J. Microoptics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Bronstein MD, editor. Cushing’s Syndrome: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Weiss RA. Oncogenic Viruses and Cancer Transmission. In: Robertson ES, editor. Cancer Associated Viruses. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012. p. 101–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Taub B. New Nazca Geoglyph Of Strange, Tongue-Poking Creature Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/new-geoglyph-strange-tongue-poking-creature-discovered-among-peru-s-nazca-lines/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Bullying: Legal Protections for Vulnerable Youth Need to Be More Fully Assessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jun. Report No.: GAO-12-785T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Poyaoan-Linzaga MR. The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Before the Court: Are Munis Like Milk, or Garbage? New York Times. 2007 Nov 6;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationIndian J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0254-8860
ISSN (online)0975-0711
ScopeGastroenterology

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