How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Peng X. China’s demographic history and future challenges. Science. 2011;333:581–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kim H, Kwon S. Materials science. Water-responsive polymer composites on the move. Science. 2013;339:150–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ryckman JD, Jiao Y, Weiss SM. Three-dimensional patterning and morphological control of porous nanomaterials by gray-scale direct imprinting. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1502.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Torres EM, Sokolsky T, Tucker CM, Chan LY, Boselli M, Dunham MJ, et al. Effects of aneuploidy on cellular physiology and cell division in haploid yeast. Science. 2007;317:916–24.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stahl S, Stenson C. Introduction to Topology and Geometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Shen R, Qian W, editors. Proceedings of the 27th Conference of Spacecraft TT&C Technology in China: Wider Space for TT&C. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zoeller RT. Endocrine Disruption of the Thyroid and its Consequences in Development. In: Bourguignon J-P, Jégou B, Kerdelhué B, Toppari J, Christen Y, editors. Multi-System Endocrine Disruption. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Solution To Voyager 1 Magnetic Field Mystery Suggests It Is Not Quite In Interstellar Space. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. No Federal Programs Are Designed Primarily To Support Engineering Education, but Many Do. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 May. Report No.: PAD-82-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clark M. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gorman J. Nowhere to Run: Outside Refuges, Cheetahs Face Outsize Threats. New York Times. 2016 Dec 30;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationIndian J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0254-8860
ISSN (online)0975-0711
ScopeGastroenterology

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