How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology (Indian J Gastroenterol). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dance A. Neuroscience: Connectomes make the map. Nature. 2015;526:147–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fesik SW, Shi Y. Structural biology. Controlling the caspases. Science. 2001;294:1477–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Duijn PAC, Kashirin V, Sloot PMA. The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4238.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hakeda-Suzuki S, Ng J, Tzu J, Dietzl G, Sun Y, Harms M, et al. Rac function and regulation during Drosophila development. Nature. 2002;416:438–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sadati N, Dumont GA, Hamed KA, Gruver WA. Hybrid Control and Motion Planning of Dynamical Legged Locomotion. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Surminski S, Tanner T, editors. Realising the “Triple Dividend of Resilience”: A New Business Case for Disaster Risk Management. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lux A, Mantel H, Perner M. Scheduler-Independent Declassification. In: Gibbons J, Nogueira P, editors. Mathematics of Program Construction: 11th International Conference, MPC 2012, Madrid, Spain, June 25-27, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 25–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Nigeria Beat The Ebola Virus In Three Months. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Legislative Developments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Jan. Report No.: 126478.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Robertson E. Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Returning to Form, Nadal and Dimitrov End Grand Slam Droughts. New York Times. 2017 Jan 25;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationIndian J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)0254-8860
ISSN (online)0975-0711
ScopeGastroenterology

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