How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Starr C. Powerful reactions. Nature. 2000 Aug 17;406(6797):679.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morone F, Makse HA. Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature. 2015 Aug 6;524(7563):65–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu T, Werner H-J, Manthe U. First-principles theory for the H + CH4 --> H2 + CH3 reaction. Science. 2004 Dec 24;306(5705):2227–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schmitt JP, Kamisago M, Asahi M, Li GH, Ahmad F, Mende U, et al. Dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure caused by a mutation in phospholamban. Science. 2003 Feb 28;299(5611):1410–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ribéreau-Gayon P, Dubourdieu D, Donèche B, Lonvaud A. Handbook of Enology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
O’Connor RV, Umay Akkaya M, Kemaneci K, Yilmaz M, Poth A, Messnarz R, editors. Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 22nd European Conference, EuroSPI 2015, Ankara, Turkey, September 30 -- October 2, 2015. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XV, 337 p. 82 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 543).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Macario AJL, Conway de Macario E, Cappello F. Structural and Hereditary Chaperonopathies: Mutation. In: Conway de Macario E, Cappello F, editors. The Chaperonopathies: Diseases with Defective Molecular Chaperones. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 43–62. (SpringerBriefs in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. How To Get Into The World’s Top University: Oxford Reveals Its Interview Questions [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/how-to-get-into-the-worlds-top-university-oxford-reveals-its-interview-questions-/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Biological Research: Observations on DHS’s Analyses Concerning Whether FMD Research Can Be Done as Safely on the Mainland as on Plum Island. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jul. Report No.: GAO-09-747.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McClurg AD. A phenomenological study of Baby Boomer retirement— Expectations, results, and implications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. Valentines, Vengeful and Comic, Through an Antique Lens. New York Times. 2016 Feb 12;C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationIndian J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0019-5049
ISSN (online)0976-2817
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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