How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rine J. Cell biology. Twists in the tale of the aging yeast. Science. 2005 Nov 18;310(5751):1124–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ward LD, Kellis M. Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions. Science. 2012 Sep 28;337(6102):1675–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Germain RN, Robey EA, Cahalan MD. A decade of imaging cellular motility and interaction dynamics in the immune system. Science. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1676–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alff L, Krockenberger Y, Welter B, Schonecke M, Gross R, Manske D, et al. A hidden pseudogap under the “dome” of superconductivity in electron-doped high-temperature superconductors. Nature. 2003 Apr 17;422(6933):698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee KB. Principles of Microelectromechanical Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Kamolz L-P, Jeschke MG, Horch RE, Küntscher M, Brychta P, editors. Handbook of Burns: Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Volume 2. Vienna: Springer; 2012. XII, 324 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelini P, Frati F, Grilli L. An Algorithm to Construct Greedy Drawings of Triangulations. In: Tollis IG, Patrignani M, editors. Graph Drawing: 16th International Symposium, GD 2008, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 21-24, 2008 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 26–37. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
Hale T. The USSR Tried To Cover Up One Of The World’s Deadliest Nuclear Fallout Sites [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: OCG-93-14TR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mueck K. Physiology of the Invasive Apple Snail, Pomacea maculata (Perry, 1810), in Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cave D, Kwai I. Drug Trafficker and Australian Obsession Returns Home. New York Times. 2017 May 27;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationIndian J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0019-5049
ISSN (online)0976-2817
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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