How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerard C. Biomedicine. Asthmatics breathe easier when it’s SNO-ing. Science. 2005 Jun 10;308(5728):1560–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Enserink M, Chin G. The end of privacy. Introduction. Science. 2015 Jan 30;347(6221):490–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kalas P, Liu MC, Matthews BC. Discovery of a large dust disk around the nearby star AU Microscopii. Science. 2004 Mar 26;303(5666):1990–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taubner T, Korobkin D, Urzhumov Y, Shvets G, Hillenbrand R. Near-field microscopy through a SiC superlens. Science. 2006 Sep 15;313(5793):1595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC. Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Hutter K. Physics of Lakes: Volume 2: Lakes as Oscillators. Wang Y, Chubarenko IP, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. LXVIII, 646 p. (Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics; vol. 2).
A chapter in an edited book
Grishchuk S, Schledjewski R. Mechanical Dispersion Methods for Carbon Nanotubes in Aerospace Composite Matrix Systems. In: Paipetis A, Kostopoulos V, editors. Carbon Nanotube Enhanced Aerospace Composite Materials: A New Generation of Multifunctional Hybrid Structural Composites. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 99–154. (Solid Mechanics and Its Applications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
Davis J. Shifting Wildlife Ranges Due To Climate Change Will Impact Health, People, And Culture. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Information on Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Oct. Report No.: RCED-90-33BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson EA. Factors associated with post-stroke depressive symptoms and quality of life [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Fixing Geffen Hall? Ask Ohio. New York Times. 2017 Oct 17;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationIndian J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0019-5049
ISSN (online)0976-2817
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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