How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice M. Physics. Superconductivity with a twist. Science. 2006 Nov 24;314(5803):1248–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mani RG, Kriisa A. Magneto-transport characteristics of a 2D electron system driven to negative magneto-conductivity by microwave photoexcitation. Sci Rep. 2013 Dec 11;3:3478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamlin JK, Wynn K, Bloom P. Social evaluation by preverbal infants. Nature. 2007 Nov 22;450(7169):557–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wirth A, Hassan MT, Grguras I, Gagnon J, Moulet A, Luu TT, et al. Synthesized light transients. Science. 2011 Oct 14;334(6053):195–200.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Unmehopa M, Vemuri K, Bennett A. Parlay/OSA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Otto-Zimmermann K, editor. Resilient Cities 2: Cities and Adaptation to Climate Change – Proceedings of the Global Forum 2011. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. L, 438 p. (Local Sustainability; vol. 2).
A chapter in an edited book
Morris P. A Window on the World—Wildlife Dioramas. In: Tunnicliffe SD, Scheersoi A, editors. Natural History Dioramas: History, Construction and Educational Role. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 33–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
Fang J. Fossilized Brain of World’s Earliest Predator Found [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Case for Programwide Statistical Reviews of Fraud and Abuse. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jan. Report No.: 118596.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park JK. Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Long-Lost Flag, Mystery of 9/11, Heads to Museum in Manhattan. New York Times. 2016 Sep 7;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationIndian J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0019-5049
ISSN (online)0976-2817
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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