How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abeliovich A. Neurological disorders: Quality-control pathway unlocked. Nature. 2014 Jun 5;510(7503):44–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
England PC, Katz RF. Global systematics of arc volcano position. Nature. 2010 Dec 9;468(7325):E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gagné J-P, Rouleau M, Poirier GG. Structural biology. PARP-1 activation--bringing the pieces together. Science. 2012 May 11;336(6082):678–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brooks AS, Yellen JE, Potts R, Behrensmeyer AK, Deino AL, Leslie DE, et al. Long-distance stone transport and pigment use in the earliest Middle Stone Age. Science. 2018 Apr 6;360(6384):90–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mindham CN. Roof Construction and Loft Conversion. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Hallinger P. A Problem-based Approach for Management Education: Preparing Managers for Action. Bridges EM, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. XVIII, 326 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rehm G, Uszkoreit H. About META-NET. In: Rehm G, Uszkoreit H, editors. The English Language in the Digital Age. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 33–33. (White Paper Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
Andrews R. This 110-Million-Year-Old Armored Dinosaur Was Turned To Stone By A Geological Medusa. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Education: Information on Costs and Services at High-Quality Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jul. Report No.: HRD-89-130FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes J. Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. A Twist on the Neighborhood Bar. New York Times. 2014 Apr 27;LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationIndian J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0019-5049
ISSN (online)0976-2817
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles