How to format your references using the IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pielke RA Sr. Atmospheric science. Land use and climate change. Science. 2005;310(5754):1625-1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Losos JB, Ricklefs RE. Adaptation and diversification on islands. Nature. 2009;457(7231):830-836.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Vasudevan S, Tong Y, Steitz JA. Switching from repression to activation: microRNAs can up-regulate translation. Science. 2007;318(5858):1931-1934.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kamal A, Thao L, Sensintaffar J, et al. A high-affinity conformation of Hsp90 confers tumour selectivity on Hsp90 inhibitors. Nature. 2003;425(6956):407-410.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Retherford RD, Choe MK. Statistical Models for Causal Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1993.
An edited book
1.
Friedman ES. Handbook of Depression. (Anderson IM, ed.). Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hung GMY, John NW, Hancock C, Hoshi T. Using and Validating Airborne Ultrasound as a Tactile Interface within Medical Training Simulators. In: Bello F, Cotin S, eds. Biomedical Simulation: 6th International Symposium, ISBMS 2014, Strasbourg, France, October 16-17, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:30-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Sperm Whales Learn Local Dialects – New Study Is Yet More Proof That Animals Have Culture. IFLScience. Published September 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sperm-whales-learn-local-dialects-new-study-yet-more-proof-animals-have-culture/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Keohane MF. Virtual Team Communication: Perceptions and Experiences Influencing the Use of Videoconferencing Technology. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Bronze Star: Gregg LeFevre Is the City’s Busiest Public Sculptor. New York Times. February 16, 2003:148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports
ISSN (print)2468-600X
Scope

Other styles