How to format your references using the IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smith C. Genomics: getting down to details. Nature. 2005;435(7044):991-994.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Matzke MA, Matzke AJ. Cloning problems don’t surprise plant biologists. Science. 2000;288(5475):2318b.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Arp G, Reimer A, Reitner J. Photosynthesis-induced biofilm calcification and calcium concentrations in Phanerozoic oceans. Science. 2001;292(5522):1701-1704.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Birmingham CL, Canadien V, Kaniuk NA, Steinberg BE, Higgins DE, Brumell JH. Listeriolysin O allows Listeria monocytogenes replication in macrophage vacuoles. Nature. 2008;451(7176):350-354.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bradley D. Managing Minor Musculoskeletal Injuries and Conditions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Reissig M, Ruzhansky M, eds. Progress in Partial Differential Equations: Asymptotic Profiles, Regularity and Well-Posedness. Vol 44. Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nikulin M, Wu H-DI. Cross-Effect Models of Survival Functions. In: Wu H-DI, ed. The Cox Model and Its Applications. SpringerBriefs in Statistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016:63-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. NASA Is Looking For Your Ideas To Live Off The Land On Mars. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-looking-your-ideas-live-land-mars/. Published October 14, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Meeting the Statutory Mandate for Screening Air Cargo on Passenger Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Paaske LK. AVPV kisspeptin neurons mediate neuroprogesterone induction of the luteinizing hormone surge. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Some Northern Flair for a Pinstripe Affair. New York Times. December 30, 2010:B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIHJ Cardiovascular Case Reports
ISSN (print)2468-600X
Scope

Other styles