How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. R. Epstein, “Chemistry. Can droplets and bubbles think?,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5813, pp. 775–776, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. C. Weatherhead and S. B. Andersen, “The search for signs of recovery of the ozone layer,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7089, pp. 39–45, May 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. K. Perrachione, S. N. Del Tufo, and J. D. E. Gabrieli, “Human voice recognition depends on language ability,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6042, p. 595, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. Volkov, J. R. Banavar, A. Maritan, and S. P. Hubbell, “Neutral theory: the stability of forest biodiversity,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6976, pp. 696; discussion 696-7, Feb. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Gonzalez, F. Qi, and B. Huang, Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
B. Markner-Jäger, Ed., Technical English for Geosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
B. H. G. Brady and E. T. Brown, “Rock strength and deformability,” in Rock Mechanics for underground mining: Third edition, E. T. Brown, Ed., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2004, pp. 85–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Royal ferns are ‘living fossils,’ unchanged since the Jurassic,” IFLScience, Mar. 21, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Security: FAA Needs Preboard Passenger Screening Performance Standards,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-87-182, Jul. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. J. Clater, “Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré,” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Juilliard’s Fast Takes on French Baroque,” New York Times, p. C2, Nov. 10, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Syst.
ISSN (print)0885-8950
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles