How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Jia, “Alliances for scientific success,” Nature, vol. 528, no. 7582, pp. S187-9, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. J. Wood and A. N. Halliday, “The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7299, pp. 767–770, Jun. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. W. Deitsch, M. S. Calderwood, and T. E. Wellems, “Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6850, pp. 875–876, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Jean-Baptiste, J. R. Petit, V. Y. Lipenkov, D. Raynaud, and N. I. Barkov, “Constraints on hydrothermal processes and water exchange in Lake Vostok from helium isotopes,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6836, pp. 460–462, May 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. M. Kondoz, Digital Speech. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006.
An edited book
C. Herrmann and J. P. Terhechte, Eds., European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2012, vol. 3. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Dörfler, A. Lechleiter, M. Plum, G. Schneider, and C. Wieners, “The role of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in nonlinear optics,” in Photonic Crystals: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Approximation, A. Lechleiter, M. Plum, G. Schneider, and C. Wieners, Eds. Basel: Springer, 2011, pp. 127–162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “How We Discovered The Dark Side Of Wearable Fitness Trackers,” IFLScience, Jun. 19, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-89-65, Sep. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. G. Griffin, “The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. P. Shultz, “O’Reilly, Wrong on Reagan,” New York Times, p. A31, Dec. 08, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Syst.
ISSN (print)0885-8950
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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