How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Ledford, “Epigenetics: The genome unwrapped,” Nature, vol. 528, no. 7580, pp. S12-3, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Barbraud and H. Weimerskirch, “Emperor penguins and climate change,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6834, pp. 183–186, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. A. Nelson, E. McCauley, and F. J. Wrona, “Stage-structured cycles promote genetic diversity in a predator-prey system of Daphnia and algae,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7024, pp. 413–417, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. T. Johnston et al., “Active microbial sulfur disproportionation in the Mesoproterozoic,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5753, pp. 1477–1479, Dec. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Zirngibl, Antifungal Azoles. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
H. Haberland, D. Lønsmann, and B. Preisler, Eds., Language Alternation, Language Choice and Language Encounter in International Tertiary Education, vol. 5. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. I. Yuz and G. C. Goodwin, “Incremental Sampled-Data Models,” in Sampled-Data Models for Linear and Nonlinear Systems, G. C. Goodwin, Ed. London: Springer, 2014, pp. 39–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Parents Who Refuse To Vaccinate Their Kids Could Be Forced To Take A Class On The Science Of Immunizations,” IFLScience, 16-May-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “International Air Passengers: Staffing Model for Airport Inspections Personnel Can Be Improved,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-663, Jul. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. J. Bodenmiller, “A quantitative relational analysis of leadership style and leader-accountability in nonprofit organizations,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Hartocollis, “Latest Economic Lifeline Is a Leafy One,” New York Times, p. A14, 01-Jun-2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Syst.
ISSN (print)0885-8950
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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