How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. S. Zachary, “On the sustainability of an activity,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5215, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Hightower and S. A. Pierce, “The energy challenge,” Nature, vol. 452, no. 7185, pp. 285–286, Mar. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Nosil, B. J. Crespi, and C. P. Sandoval, “Host-plant adaptation drives the parallel evolution of reproductive isolation,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6887, pp. 440–443, May 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. V. Rakhilin et al., “A network of control mediated by regulator of calcium/calmodulin-dependent signaling,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5696, pp. 698–701, Oct. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Waine, Obesity and Weight Management in Primary Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
S. C. Veasey, Ed., Oxidative Neural Injury. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Lee, H. Cho, and Y. S. Kim, “Agile Supply Chain Decision Support System,” in Reshaping Society through Analytics, Collaboration, and Decision Support: Role of Business Intelligence and Social Media, L. S. Iyer and D. J. Power, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 29–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Ceres’ Bright Spot Could Actually Be Salt Volcanoes,” IFLScience, Jun. 30, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Head Start: Comprehensive Approach to Identifying and Addressing Risks Could Help Prevent Grantee Financial Management Weakenesses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-176, Feb. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. F. Etchberger, “The cis-regulatory logic of gustatory neuron development in Caenorhabditis elegans,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Clarke, “Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics,” New York Times, p. SP1, Jul. 23, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Syst.
ISSN (print)0885-8950
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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