How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Power Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Dolgin, “Deprivation: a wake-up call,” Nature, vol. 497, no. 7450, pp. S6-7, May 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. M. Hart and L. M. Branscomb, “Research, innovation and politics,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6804, pp. 561–562, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. M. D. Day, D. G. Pearson, and L. A. Taylor, “Highly siderophile element constraints on accretion and differentiation of the Earth-Moon system,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5809, pp. 217–219, Jan. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
I. G. Dobbins, D. M. Schnyer, M. Verfaellie, and D. L. Schacter, “Cortical activity reductions during repetition priming can result from rapid response learning,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6980, pp. 316–319, Mar. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. M. Evans and J. C. Furlong, Environmental Biotechnology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2010.
An edited book
P. Gates and R. Jorgensen (Zevenbergen), Eds., Shifts in the Field of Mathematics Education: Stephen Lerman and the turn to the social. Singapore: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. J. Scudder, “Anatomy of a Southwest Florida Sand Burial Mound Smith Mound at the Pineland Site Complex,” in Case Studies in Environmental Archaeology, E. J. Reitz, S. J. Scudder, and C. M. Scarry, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2008, pp. 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Power Systems.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Boeing Unveils ‘Starliner’ That Will Take Astronauts To Space,” IFLScience, Sep. 08, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FAA Computer Security: Concerns Remain Due to Personnel and Other Continuing Weaknesses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-00-252, Aug. 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. R. Liang, “A Risk Analysis of the Molybdenum-99 Supply Chain Using Bayesian Networks,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “Film Series,” New York Times, p. C32, Jan. 05, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Power Syst.
ISSN (print)0885-8950
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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