How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Friedlander, “Physics: A century of cosmic rays,” Nature, vol. 483, no. 7390, pp. 400–401, Mar. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. H. Williams and W. E. Friedman, “Identification of diploid endosperm in an early angiosperm lineage,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6871, pp. 522–526, Jan. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. R. Petta, H. Lu, and A. C. Gossard, “A coherent beam splitter for electronic spin states,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5966, pp. 669–672, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.-H. Lee, A. D. Holdorf, M. L. Dustin, A. C. Chan, P. M. Allen, and A. S. Shaw, “T cell receptor signaling precedes immunological synapse formation,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5559, pp. 1539–1542, Feb. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. J. E. Rodda and M. A. Little, Understanding Mathematical and Statistical Techniques in Hydrology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
T. A. Lucey, A Critically Compassionate Approach to Financial Literacy. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Mikolajczak, M. Kahn, K. White, and R. T. Long, “Lithium-Ion Battery Failures,” in Lithium-Ion Batteries Hazard and Use Assessment, M. Kahn, K. White, and R. T. Long, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011, pp. 43–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Scientists Unleash Full Einstein Equations To Model The Universe,” IFLScience, 24-Jun-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Status of Implementation of GAO Recommendations on Evacuation of Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations and Patients and Residents of Health Care Facilities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-544R, Apr. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. E. Manzanares, “Effect of a preoperative multidisciplinary education program on weight management after bariatric surgery,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Markoff, “Start-Up Imagines Driverless Vehicles That Can Tell You Where They’re Going,” New York Times, p. B3, 31-Aug-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Industr. Inform.
ISSN (print)1551-3203
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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