How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Koenig, “ACADEMIC FREEDOM: Political Scientist Becomes Cause Celebre,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5481, pp. 846b–7b, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Niessing and R. W. Friedrich, “Olfactory pattern classification by discrete neuronal network states,” Nature, vol. 465, no. 7294, pp. 47–52, May 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. M. Tiberti, R. Basili, and P. Vannoli, “Ups and downs in western Crete (Hellenic subduction zone),” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5677, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. J. Welsh et al., “Inhibition of the hypoxia-inducible factor pathway by a G-quadruplex binding small molecule,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2799, Sep. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. S. Thyagarajan, Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
F. V. Fomin, Ed., Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 32nd International Workshop, WG 2006, Bergen, Norway, June 22-24, 2006 Revised Papers, vol. 4271. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 4271. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Bowes, “Chapter 5 Single-Cell C4 Photosynthesis in Aquatic Plants,” in C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms, A. S. Raghavendra and R. F. Sage, Eds., in Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Superpod Of More Than 1,000 Dolphins Spotted Off The Coast Of California,” IFLScience, May 21, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Higher Education: Selected Information on Student Financial Aid Received by Legal Immigrants,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-96-7, Nov. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. M. Haradon, “The ecological context of the Acheulean to Middle Stone Age transition in Africa,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, “A Little Deli Goes the Way Of So Many In the City,” New York Times, p. 147, Feb. 17, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Industr. Inform.
ISSN (print)1551-3203
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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