How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.-L. Thiffeault, “Oceans. Chaos in the Gulf,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6003, pp. 458–459, Oct. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Singh and I. A. Demarco, “Immunology. Double TIP-ping,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5994, pp. 914–915, Aug. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. E. Max, G. Canalizo, and W. H. de Vries, “Locating the two black holes in NGC 6240,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5833, pp. 1877–1880, Jun. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Dong, S. Flecks, S. Unversucht, C. Haupt, K.-H. van Pée, and J. H. Naismith, “Tryptophan 7-halogenase (PrnA) structure suggests a mechanism for regioselective chlorination,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5744, pp. 2216–2219, Sep. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. A. Gray and J. J. Paschkewitz, Next Generation HALT and HASS. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
L. Bokut, I. Shestakov, V. Latyshev, and E. Zelmanov, Eds., Selected Works of A.I. Shirshov. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Roychowdhury and S. Khurshid, “A Novel Framework for Locating Software Faults Using Latent Divergences,” in Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2011, Athens, Greece, September 5-9, 2011, Proceedings, Part III, D. Gunopulos, T. Hofmann, D. Malerba, and M. Vazirgiannis, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 49–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics.

Blog post
C. Carpineti, “Watch How Marine Scientists In The Sea Of Cortez Tag Sharks,” IFLScience, May 27, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DISH Network Complied with the Court-Appointed Special Master’s Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-169R, Dec. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. L. Slabaugh, “The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, “A Rich Baseball History, Now on Display,” New York Times, p. B12, Sep. 22, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Industr. Inform.
ISSN (print)1551-3203
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles