How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Maugeri, “Science and industry. Oil: never cry wolf--why the petroleum age is far from over,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5674, pp. 1114–1115, May 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Karsenti and I. Vernos, “The mitotic spindle: a self-made machine,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5542, pp. 543–547, Oct. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. J. Lee, P. Dietrich, and T. M. Jessell, “Genetic ablation reveals that the roof plate is essential for dorsal interneuron specification,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6771, pp. 734–740, Feb. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. J. Draper-Joyce et al., “Structure of the adenosine-bound human adenosine A1 receptor-Gi complex,” Nature, vol. 558, no. 7711, pp. 559–563, Jun. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. A. Windom Sr., H. Gaidhani, and A. Fontana, Virtualizing. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
D. Liu, L. Wang, and K. C. Tan, Eds., Design and Control of Intelligent Robotic Systems, vol. 177. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Chatterjee, L. Doyen, E. Filiot, and J.-F. Raskin, “Doomsday Equilibria for Omega-Regular Games,” in Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings, K. L. McMillan and X. Rival, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014, pp. 78–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Float through a celestial snow angel,” IFLScience, Mar. 31, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Problems in Administering Programs To Improve Law Enforcement Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-75-67, Jun. 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. D. DeMoss, “Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, “Wounded by ‘Fearless Girl,’ Creator of ‘Charging Bull’ Wants Her to Move,” New York Times, p. A18, Apr. 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Industr. Inform.
ISSN (print)1551-3203
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Control and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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