How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Rahmstorf, “Thermohaline circulation: The current climate,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6924, p. 699, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Mederos and C. C. Lamberg-Karlovsky, “Converting currencies in the Old World,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6836, p. 437, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
I. McDougall, F. H. Brown, and J. G. Fleagle, “Stratigraphic placement and age of modern humans from Kibish, Ethiopia,” Nature, vol. 433, no. 7027, pp. 733–736, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Chen, Z. Liang, W. Wang, C. Yi, S. Zhang, and Q. Zhang, “Revealing origin of decrease in potency of darunavir and amprenavir against HIV-2 relative to HIV-1 protease by molecular dynamics simulations,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6872, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Rowe, Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
G. L. Phillips, Ed., Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Battiti, F. Mascia, and M. Brunato, “Reactive Prohibitions,” in Reactive Search and Intelligent Optimization, M. Brunato and F. Mascia, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009, pp. 1–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Mercury-Filled Balloon Popped For Science,” IFLScience, 12-May-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Exempting FAA from Procurement and Personnel Rules,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-96-27R, Oct. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Stevenson, “Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Poniewozik, “The New TV Reality: All Trump,” New York Times, p. C1, 11-Dec-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
ISSN (print)0733-8716
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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