How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Ando, “Materials science. Seeking room-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductors,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5782, pp. 1883–1885, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Carlini and R. French, “Visual tracking combined with hand-tracking improves time perception of moving stimuli,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5363, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Lieberman, J. Tooby, and L. Cosmides, “The architecture of human kin detection,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7129, pp. 727–731, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. W. Schmidt, J. A. D. Connolly, D. Günther, and M. Bogaerts, “Element partitioning: the role of melt structure and composition,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5780, pp. 1646–1650, Jun. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Reeder, Guide to Green Building Rating Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
J. Buchmann and J. Ding, Eds., Post-Quantum Cryptography: Second International Workshop, PQCrypto 2008 Cincinnati, OH, USA, October 17-19, 2008 Proceedings, vol. 5299. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
F. K. Tittel et al., “Laser Based Chemical Sensor Technology: Recent Advances and Applications,” in Advanced Environmental Monitoring, Y. J. Kim and U. Platt, Eds. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp. 50–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Critically Endangered Parrot Humps Zoologist,” IFLScience, Apr. 15, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Examination Into Certain Irregularities Reported as Existing at the Department of Labor Atterbury Job Corps Center near Edinburg, Indiana,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-130515, Oct. 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Lopez, “The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978: A policy analysis,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, “Superman’s Debut Comic Sells For $1 Million,” New York Times, p. C2, Feb. 24, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
ISSN (print)0733-8716
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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