How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Shastri, “Cell biology. Peptides, scrambled and stitched,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5792, pp. 1398–1399, Sep. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.-J. Lee and E. Masliah, “Neurodegeneration: Aggregates feel the strain,” Nature, vol. 522, no. 7556, pp. 296–297, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. R. Prytkova, I. V. Kurnikov, and D. N. Beratan, “Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5812, pp. 622–625, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Cowan, W. Cai, A. Purich, L. Rotstayn, and M. H. England, “Forcing of anthropogenic aerosols on temperature trends of the sub-thermocline southern Indian Ocean,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2245, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. D. McAulay, Military Laser Technology for Defense. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
T. Jackson and A. Radunskaya, Eds., Applications of Dynamical Systems in Biology and Medicine, vol. 158. in The IMA Volumes in Mathematics and its Applications, vol. 158. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Chen, G. Su, J. He, and S. Ben, “Face Image Relighting using Locally Constrained Global Optimization,” in Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part IV, K. Daniilidis, P. Maragos, and N. Paragios, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 44–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Rotavirus Vaccine Slashes Ontario Hospital Admissions,” IFLScience, May 11, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of Administration of Selected Aspects of the Student-Tutor Education Program by the National Endowment for the Humanities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-158811, Sep. 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Golf, “Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, “The Puck Glides at Night In Amateur Hockey League,” New York Times, p. 150, Oct. 16, 1994.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
ISSN (print)0733-8716
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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