How to format your references using the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Pearson, “China caught out as model shows net fall in fish,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6863, p. 477, Nov. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Feau and S. P. Schoenberger, “Immunology. Ex uno plura,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5913, pp. 466–467, Jan. 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Micklos, S. Lauter, and A. Nisselle, “Essays on science and society. Lessons from a science education portal,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6063, pp. 1657–1658, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Gogolla, P. Caroni, A. Lüthi, and C. Herry, “Perineuronal nets protect fear memories from erasure,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5945, pp. 1258–1261, Sep. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Hessel, H. Löwe, A. Müller, and G. Kolb, Chemical Micro Process Engineering. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
M. Spoor, Ed., Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
H.-G. Tang and T.-Y. Peng, “Auditor Industry Specialization, Analysts Following and Financing Constrains,” in The 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Engineering Economics Management, E. Qi, J. Shen, and R. Dou, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Half of Europe’s Electricity Could be Renewable by 2030,” IFLScience, Jul. 07, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Issues and Anticipated Results,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, D06981, Dec. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Enriquez, “Music therapy to hospice patients of Visiting Nurse Association of Inland Counties: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. McGOVERN, “George McGovern on Op-Ed,” New York Times, p. 0, Oct. 21, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
ISSN (print)0733-8716
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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