How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J., 2002. Attosecond science: the fast show. Nature 420, 737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srokosz, M.A., Bryden, H.L., 2015. OCEAN CIRCULATION. Observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation yields a decade of inevitable surprises. Science 348, 1255575.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, P., Jacobson, M.K., Mitchison, T.J., 2004. Poly(ADP-ribose) is required for spindle assembly and structure. Nature 432, 645–649.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ritz, D., Lim, J., Reynolds, C.M., Poole, L.B., Beckwith, J., 2001. Conversion of a peroxiredoxin into a disulfide reductase by a triplet repeat expansion. Science 294, 158–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zack, G.M., 2012. Financial Statement Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yonenobu, K., Nakamura, K., Toyama, Y. (Eds.), 2006. OPLL: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament, 2nd Edition. ed. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Lilenfeld, L.R.R., 2016. Suicidal Behavior in Eating Disorders, in: Latzer, Y., Stein, D. (Eds.), Bio-Psycho-Social Contributions to Understanding Eating Disorders. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Gravitational Waves Observed For A Second Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. 911 Services: Most States Used 911 Funds for Intended Purposes, but FCC Could Improve Its Reporting on States’ Use of Funds (No. GAO-13-376). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski, R.M., 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2016. White Guys, Grappling With a New Reality. New York Times AR115.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Giles, 2002; Srokosz and Bryden, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srokosz and Bryden, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ritz et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Case Reports
ISSN (print)2211-338X

Other styles