How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wittrock, U., 2010. Laryngeally echolocating bats. Nature 466, E6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackwell, S., Rubie, D., 2000. GEOPHYSICS: Earth Under Strain. Science 290, 1514–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, R., Mason, A., members of the NTA Network, 2014. Is low fertility really a problem? Population aging, dependency, and consumption. Science 346, 229–234.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, C., Young, A.L., Starling-Windhof, A., Bracher, A., Saschenbrecker, S., Rao, B.V., Rao, K.V., Berninghausen, O., Mielke, T., Hartl, F.U., Beckmann, R., Hayer-Hartl, M., 2010. Coupled chaperone action in folding and assembly of hexadecameric Rubisco. Nature 463, 197–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly, V.A., 2015. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, USA.
An edited book
Ystad, S., Aramaki, M., Kronland-Martinet, R., Jensen, K. (Eds.), 2011. Exploring Music Contents: 7th International Symposium, CMMR 2010, Málaga, Spain, June 21-24, 2010. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gosling, P., Noordam, B., 2011. Designing Good Experiments, in: Noordam, L.D. (Ed.), Mastering Your PhD: Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Fleeting Beauty of the Jewels of the Sea [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Technology Development: Future Use of NASA’s Large Format Camera Is Uncertain (No. NSIAD-90-142). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon, C.M., 2012. Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wittrock, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Mackwell and Rubie, 2000; Wittrock, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackwell and Rubie, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Case Reports
ISSN (print)2211-338X

Other styles