How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2000. Bell Labs win superconductivity patent. Nature 403, 121–122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bachtrog, D., Charlesworth, B., 2002. Reduced adaptation of a non-recombining neo-Y chromosome. Nature 416, 323–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hosseini, P., Wright, C.D., Bhaskaran, H., 2014. An optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change films. Nature 511, 206–211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oliveira, R.F., Lopes, M., Carneiro, L.A., Canário, A.V., 2001. Watching fights raises fish hormone levels. Nature 409, 475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson, P.W., Prasher, V.P., Janicki, M.P., 2008. Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schön, W. (Ed.), 2008. Tax and Corporate Governance, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Arya, K., 2016. Basics of Group Policy Troubleshooting, in: Bettany, A. (Ed.), Windows Group Policy Troubleshooting: A Best Practice Guide for Managing Users and PCs Through Group Policy. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 129–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Type Of Exoplanet Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Railroad Safety: Weaknesses Exist in FRA’s Enforcement Program (No. RCED-91-72). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leonard Puppa, E.L., 2010. Duration of case management: Correlation with Medicaid pediatric patient outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Rashbaum, W.K., 2017. Rikers Deemed Too Dangerous For Inmates Outside New York. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bachtrog and Charlesworth, 2002; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bachtrog and Charlesworth, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Oliveira et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Case Reports
ISSN (print)2211-338X

Other styles