How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hakim, A.M., 2014. Perspective: silent, but preventable, perils. Nature 510, S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blagosklonny, M.V., Pardee, A.B., 2002. Conceptual biology: unearthing the gems. Nature 416, 373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warner, D.A., Uller, T., Shine, R., 2013. Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio. Sci. Rep. 3, 2709.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tilman, D., Fargione, J., Wolff, B., D’Antonio, C., Dobson, A., Howarth, R., Schindler, D., Schlesinger, W.H., Simberloff, D., Swackhamer, D., 2001. Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change. Science 292, 281–284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wierenga, E.R., 2016. The Philosophy of Religion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Vadász, P. (Ed.), 2008. Emerging Topics in Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media: From Bioengineering and Microelectronics to Nanotechnology, Theory and Applications of Transport in Porous Media. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Sandberg, R., Rollins, M., 2013. Develop Apps Like a Pro, in: Rollins, M. (Ed.), The Business of Android Apps Development: Making and Marketing Apps That Succeed on Google Play, Amazon App Store and More. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Five Myths About Lower Back Pain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress on Efforts, but Inventories and Plans Need to Be Completed (No. GAO-12-742). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwartz, J., 2009. Essays on unemployment insurance and the business cycle (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. Running Unopposed, Yet Firmly on Defensive. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hakim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Blagosklonny and Pardee, 2002; Hakim, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blagosklonny and Pardee, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tilman et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Case Reports
ISSN (print)2211-338X

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