How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giardini, D., 2009. Geothermal quake risks must be faced. Nature 462, 848–849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner, W.R., Griffith, B.P., 2010. Reconstructing the lung. Science 329, 520–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ren, A., Rajashankar, K.R., Patel, D.J., 2012. Fluoride ion encapsulation by Mg2+ ions and phosphates in a fluoride riboswitch. Nature 486, 85–89.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rault, J.E., Menteş, T.O., Locatelli, A., Barrett, N., 2014. Reversible switching of in-plane polarized ferroelectric domains in BaTiO3(001) with very low energy electrons. Sci. Rep. 4, 6792.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seeber, P., Shander, A., 2012. Basics of Blood Management. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Deng, C., Ma, L., Lin, W., Ngan, K.N. (Eds.), 2015. Visual Signal Quality Assessment: Quality of Experience (QoE). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bunimovich, L., Webb, B., 2014. Improved Eigenvalue Estimates, in: Webb, B. (Ed.), Isospectral Transformations: A New Approach to Analyzing Multidimensional Systems and Networks, Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 91–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Case Reports.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Scientists Digitally Reconstruct Part Of A Rat’s Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. GPS: Actions Needed to Address Ground System Development Problems and User Equipment Production Readiness (No. GAO-15-657). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Siani, J.M., 2009. Costs and benefits of cooperative infant care in wild golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia) (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2013. A Woman’s Touch, Still a Rarity in Car Design. New York Times F7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giardini, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Giardini, 2009; Wagner and Griffith, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wagner and Griffith, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Rault et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Case Reports
ISSN (print)2211-338X

Other styles