How to format your references using the Geobiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geobiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mejia R (2006) Human rights: from accountability to rebuilding. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313, 289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith MR, Caron J-B (2010) Primitive soft-bodied cephalopods from the Cambrian. Nature 465, 469–472.
A journal article with 3 authors
Son MY, Lee J-K, Kang YC (2014) Fabrication and electrochemical performance of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 microspheres by two-step spray-drying process. Scientific reports 4, 5752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu H, Zhou J, Lan C, Guo Y, Bi K (2014) Microwave memristive-like nonlinearity in a dielectric metamaterial. Scientific reports 4, 5499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D (2014) Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zuccarello M, Clark JF, Pyne-Geithman G, Andaluz N, Hartings JA, Adeoye OM (eds.) (2013) Cerebral Vasospasm: Neurovascular Events After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Acta Neurochirurgica Supplement. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho D (2015) Nanodiamond-Based Chemotherapy and Imaging. In: Nanotechnology-Based Precision Tools for the Detection and Treatment of Cancer, Cancer Treatment and Research (eds. Mirkin CA, Meade TJ, Petrosko SH, Stegh AH). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geobiology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Map Of Earth’s Mantle Reveals That It’s Churning 10 Times Faster Than We Thought. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development ( No. T-RCED-92-92). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bathon JM (2008) Examining the characteristics of school leaders and of local schools where Indiana educational leadership preparation programs place their graduates (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper BM (2017) The Scramblin’ Kids of Harlem. New York Times D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mejia, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Mejia, 2006; Smith & Caron, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith & Caron, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeobiology
AbbreviationGeobiology
ISSN (print)1472-4677
ISSN (online)1472-4669
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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