How to format your references using the Genetics in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics in Medicine (GIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marshak MP. My trek back to science. Science. 2015;349(6254):1406.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tomasetti C, Vogelstein B. Cancer etiology. Variation in cancer risk among tissues can be explained by the number of stem cell divisions. Science. 2015;347(6217):78-81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kaneko Y, Nimmerjahn F, Ravetch JV. Anti-inflammatory activity of immunoglobulin G resulting from Fc sialylation. Science. 2006;313(5787):670-673.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Cheng B, Ouyang Z, Chen C, Xiao Y, Lei S. Individual Zn2SnO4-sheathed ZnO heterostructure nanowires for efficient resistive switching memory controlled by interface states. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Staudt G. Experimentalphysik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2001.
An edited book
1.
Carter CB. Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering. 2nd ed. 2013. (Norton MG, ed.). Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Escolar ML, Aldenhoven M. Leukodystrophies and Lysosomal Storage Disorders. In: Boelens JJ, Wynn R, eds. Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases. Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer; 2013:63-125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Sitting Might Not Be That Bad For You After All. IFLScience. Published October 13, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/sitting-wont-kill-you-after-all/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Super Collider Estimates and Germany’s Industrially Produced Magnets. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Obidos C. Attitudes toward and knowledge of advance directives: A quantitative study. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times. March 18, 2011:C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics in Medicine
ISSN (print)1098-3600
ISSN (online)1530-0366
Scope

Other styles