How to format your references using the Genetics in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genetics in Medicine (GIM). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clarke J. Physics. Flux qubit completes the hat trick. Science. 2003;299(5614):1850-1851.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gavrilets S, Losos JB. Adaptive radiation: contrasting theory with data. Science. 2009;323(5915):732-737.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cacchione DA, Pratson LF, Ogston AS. The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science. 2002;296(5568):724-727.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hoffman LR, D’Argenio DA, MacCoss MJ, Zhang Z, Jones RA, Miller SI. Aminoglycoside antibiotics induce bacterial biofilm formation. Nature. 2005;436(7054):1171-1175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bunnell T. From World City to the World in One City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Christensen SH, Didier C, Jamison A, Meganck M, Mitcham C, Newberry B, eds. International Perspectives on Engineering Education: Engineering Education and Practice in Context, Volume 1. Vol 20. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Skubov D, Khodzhaev KS. Oscillations caused by electromagnets. In: Khodzhaev KS, ed. Non-Linear Electromechanics. Foundations of Engineering Mechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:205-252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genetics in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. The Global Trade Of Wild African Grey Parrots Has Been Banned. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Army Accounting Adjustments--Tank-Automotive Command. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Magnus JV. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker P, Shear MD. To President, Human Rights Concerns Are Often a Barrier to Trade. New York Times. May 21, 2017:A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGenetics in Medicine
ISSN (print)1098-3600
ISSN (online)1530-0366
Scope

Other styles