How to format your references using the Fuzzy Information and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fuzzy Information and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kreeger, Seeking strength in numbers, Nature. 421 (2003) 194.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.D. Cymes, C. Grosman, Tunable pKa values and the basis of opposite charge selectivities in nicotinic-type receptors, Nature. 474 (2011) 526–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.E. Bourne, J.R. Lorsch, E.D. Green, Perspective: Sustaining the big-data ecosystem, Nature. 527 (2015) S16-7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Vasileiadis, V. Dracopoulos, M. Kollia, S.N. Yannopoulos, Laser-assisted growth of t-Te nanotubes and their controlled photo-induced unzipping to ultrathin core-Te/sheath-TeO(2) nanowires, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Morris, Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
R. Conrady, M. Buck, eds., Trends and Issues in Global Tourism 2012, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Suzuki, R. Suzuki, Tactile Score, “Syoku-fuTM,” in: R. Suzuki (Ed.), Tactile Score: A Knowledge Media for Tactile Sense, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014: pp. 21–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fuzzy Information and Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Coordination: Benefits and Barriers Exist, and Planning Efforts Progress Slowly, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.B. Cooper, Examining the relationship between grade configuration and teachers’ perceptions of working conditions in public K–8 schools and middle schools in North Carolina, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Jordan’s No. 23 Just Isn’t the Retiring Type, New York Times. (2010) SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuzzy Information and Engineering
AbbreviationFuzzy Inf. Eng.
ISSN (print)1616-8658

Other styles