How to format your references using the Frontiers in Sports Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Sports Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha, J. J. (2014). Applied Physics. Of snakes and robots. Science 346, 160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brei, B., and Fish, D. (2003). Comment on “Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals.” Science 300, 55; author reply 55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, C., Facchetti, A., and Marks, T. J. (2007). Polymer gate dielectric surface viscoelasticity modulates pentacene transistor performance. Science 318, 76–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roy, R., Kozlov, A. G., Lohman, T. M., and Ha, T. (2009). SSB protein diffusion on single-stranded DNA stimulates RecA filament formation. Nature 461, 1092–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenholm, S., and Suominen, K.-A. (2005). Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gunde-Cimerman, N., Oren, A., and Plemenitaš, A. eds. (2005). Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, H.-M., and Zheng, T.-X. (2016). “Physical Layer Security in Heterogeneous Cellular Network,” in Physical Layer Security in Random Cellular Networks SpringerBriefs in Computer Science., ed. T.-X. Zheng (Singapore: Springer), 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Sports Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). What A Little-Known Brain Region Can Till Us About Depression. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985). SEOG Funds: Information on the Distribution of SEOG Funds to Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchins, M. G. (2017). Domain Disparity: Informing the Debate between Domain-General and Domain-Specific Information Processing in Working Memory.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2002). Weekender | Bennington, Vt. New York Times, F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Socha, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Brei and Fish, 2003; Socha, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brei and Fish, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Roy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Sports Neurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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