How to format your references using the Frontiers in Sports Neurology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Sports Neurology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dessler, A. E. (2010). A determination of the cloud feedback from climate variations over the past decade. Science 330, 1523–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Draine, B. T., and Ostriker, J. P. (2007). Obituary: Bohdan Paczyński (1940-2007). Nature 447, 1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buck, W. R., Lavier, L. L., and Poliakov, A. N. B. (2005). Modes of faulting at mid-ocean ridges. Nature 434, 719–723.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, K., Jing, Y., Yang, C., Liu, S., Zhao, Y., He, X., et al. (2014). Increased leukemia-associated gene expression in benzene-exposed workers. Sci. Rep. 4, 5369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society (2009). Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
lisahunter (2013). Participatory Activist Research in the Globalised World: Social Change Through the Cultural Professions. , eds. E. Emerald and G. Martin Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Xu, F., and Lu, T. (2011). “Analysis of Skin Bioheat Transfer,” in Introduction to Skin Biothermomechanics and Thermal Pain, ed. T. Lu (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Sports Neurology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Another Australian Animal Slips Away To Extinction. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Federal-Aid Highways: Trends, Effect on State Spending, and Options for Future Program Design. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay, V. L. (2009). A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2011). Superheroes for the Stockings. New York Times, C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dessler, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Draine and Ostriker, 2007; Dessler, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Draine and Ostriker, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Sports Neurology
AbbreviationFront. Neurol.
ISSN (online)1664-2295
ScopeClinical Neurology

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