How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroanatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge, J. (2005). Scientists and societies. Postdoc power. Nature 435, 244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grandi, P., and Palumbo, G. G. C. (2004). Jet and accretion-disk emission untangled in 3C 273. Science 306, 998–1002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, N. C., Benz, W., and Mayor, M. (2005). Extrasolar planets: constraints for planet formation models. Science 310, 251–255.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dyer, A. G., Whitney, H. M., Arnold, S. E. J., Glover, B. J., and Chittka, L. (2006). Behavioural ecology: bees associate warmth with floral colour. Nature 442, 525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2015). Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
López-Gómez, J. (2007). Algebraic Multiplicity of Eigenvalues of Linear Operators. , ed. C. Mora-Corral Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Fujii, J. I. (2011). “Spectrum and Entropy for Infinite Directed Graphs,” in Structural Analysis of Complex Networks, ed. M. Dehmer (Boston, MA: Birkhäuser), 105–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). Preserving the X-ray Universe for future generations. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Geographic Information Systems: Information on Federal Use and Coordination. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packard, J. A. (2008). Analyzing the intersection of leadership practices, emotional intelligence, and coping responses in women -owned small businesses.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2010). Artists in Residence. New York Times, M224.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Grandi and Palumbo, 2004; Lodge, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grandi and Palumbo, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Dyer et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroanatomy
AbbreviationFront. Neuroanat.
ISSN (online)1662-5129
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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