How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroanatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaieb, S. (2014). Elasto-plasticity in wrinkled polymerized lipid membranes. Sci. Rep. 4, 3699.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou, W.-X., and Chen, K.-Q. (2014). Enhancement of thermoelectric performance by reducing phonon thermal conductance in multiple core-shell nanowires. Sci. Rep. 4, 7150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Renault, L., Guibert, B., and Cherfils, J. (2003). Structural snapshots of the mechanism and inhibition of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Nature 426, 525–530.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pitman, J. L., McGill, J. J., Keegan, K. P., and Allada, R. (2006). A dynamic role for the mushroom bodies in promoting sleep in Drosophila. Nature 441, 753–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., and Hardin, J. W. (2006). Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dössel, O., and Schlegel, W. C. eds. (2010). World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/4 Image Processing, Biosignal Processing, Modelling and Simulation, Biomechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hon, G. (2009). “Living Extremely Flat: The Life of an Automaton; John von Neumann’s Conception of Error of (in)Animate Systems,” in Going Amiss In Experimental Research, eds. G. Hon, J. Schickore, and F. Steinle (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 55–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Intelligent Life In The Universe? Phone Home, Dammit! IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Effectiveness and Management of Neighborhood Youth Corps In-School Program at Three Locations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arnold, J. M. (2009). Accountability in British Columbia: A case study connecting policy and practice.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Cushing Made His Choice; Voters Have an Easy One. New York Times, B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chaieb, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chaieb, 2014; Zhou and Chen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhou and Chen, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Pitman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroanatomy
AbbreviationFront. Neuroanat.
ISSN (online)1662-5129
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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