How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroanatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geiger, B. (2001). Cell biology. Encounters in space. Science 294, 1661–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norell, M. A., and Clarke, J. A. (2001). Fossil that fills a critical gap in avian evolution. Nature 409, 181–184.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouchard, M. J., Wang, L. H., and Schneider, R. J. (2001). Calcium signaling by HBx protein in hepatitis B virus DNA replication. Science 294, 2376–2378.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cliften, P., Sudarsanam, P., Desikan, A., Fulton, L., Fulton, B., Majors, J., et al. (2003). Finding functional features in Saccharomyces genomes by phylogenetic footprinting. Science 301, 71–76.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka, H. J. (2010). Transitions in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Greene, A. K., Slavin, S. A., and Brorson, H. eds. (2015). Lymphedema: Presentation, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Maynard, D., and Hare, J. (2015). “Entity-Based Opinion Mining from Text and Multimedia,” in Advances in Social Media Analysis Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. M. M. Gaber, M. Cocea, N. Wiratunga, and A. Goker (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). NASA Successfully Tests 3D-Printed Rocket Parts. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Information Technology Management: Small Business Administration Needs Policies and Procedures to Control Key IT Processes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, K. M. (2017). Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Lucky Loser in Qualifying Becomes Tired Winner of the Bronx Classic. New York Times, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geiger, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Geiger, 2001; Norell and Clarke, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norell and Clarke, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cliften et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroanatomy
AbbreviationFront. Neuroanat.
ISSN (online)1662-5129
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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