How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroanatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2004). Drug target identification: a question of biology. Nature 428, 225–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
Badzey, R. L., and Mohanty, P. (2005). Coherent signal amplification in bistable nanomechanical oscillators by stochastic resonance. Nature 437, 995–998.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kitching, R. P., Taylor, N. M., and Thrusfield, M. V. (2007). Veterinary epidemiology: vaccination strategies for foot-and-mouth disease. Nature 445, E12; discussion E12-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tzallas, P., Charalambidis, D., Papadogiannis, N. A., Witte, K., and Tsakiris, G. D. (2003). Direct observation of attosecond light bunching. Nature 426, 267–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duggan, D. (2012). Enterprise Software Architecture and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bartocci, E., Lio, P., and Paoletti, N. eds. (2016). Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Arias, A., Petersen, J., van Engelen, A., Tang, H., Selwaness, M., Witteman, J. C. M., et al. (2013). “Carotid Artery Wall Segmentation by Coupled Surface Graph Cuts,” in Medical Computer Vision. Recognition Techniques and Applications in Medical Imaging: Second International MICCAI Workshop, MCV 2012, Nice, France, October 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. H. Menze, G. Langs, L. Lu, A. Montillo, Z. Tu, and A. Criminisi (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 38–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroanatomy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). You Can Now Vote To Officially Name Exoplanets For The First Time. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). DOD Business Systems Modernization: Further Actions Needed to Address Challenges and Improve Accountability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganji, V. G. (2013). Exploring the application of haptic feedback guidance for port crane modernization.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007). After 117 Years, a Family Business Calls It Quits. New York Times, WE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smith, 2004; Badzey and Mohanty, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badzey and Mohanty, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Tzallas et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroanatomy
AbbreviationFront. Neuroanat.
ISSN (online)1662-5129
Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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