How to format your references using the Food Research International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Research International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manoharan, V. N. (2015). COLLOIDS. Colloidal matter: Packing, geometry, and entropy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6251), 1253751.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murayama, Y., & Uhlmann, F. (2014). Biochemical reconstitution of topological DNA binding by the cohesin ring. Nature, 505(7483), 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansens, A., van Duijn, E., & Braakman, I. (2002). Coordinated nonvectorial folding in a newly synthesized multidomain protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2401–2403.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Silva, G. A., Czeisler, C., Niece, K. L., Beniash, E., Harrington, D. A., Kessler, J. A., & Stupp, S. I. (2004). Selective differentiation of neural progenitor cells by high-epitope density nanofibers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5662), 1352–1355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf, G., Blanken, A., & Bult-Spiering, M. (2012). Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Torriero, A. A. J. (Ed.). (2015). Electrochemistry in Ionic Liquids: Volume 1: Fundamentals. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagrale, D. T., Sharma, L., Kumar, S., & Gawande, S. P. (2016). Recent Diagnostics and Detection Tools: Implications for Plant Pathogenic Alternaria and Their Disease Management. In P. Kumar, V. K. Gupta, A. K. Tiwari, & M. Kamle (Eds.), Current Trends in Plant Disease Diagnostics and Management Practices (pp. 111–163). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Research International.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, March 23). Astronomers Discover Giant Magnetic Fields Stretching Between Galaxies. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Food Assistance: Computerized Information Matching Could Reduce Fraud and Abuse in the Food Stamp Program (No. T-RCED-98-254). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge, Z. (2017). The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarey, C. (2017, January 18). American Contingent’s Strength Is in Numbers, and Youth. New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manoharan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Manoharan, 2015; Murayama & Uhlmann, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murayama & Uhlmann, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Jansens, van Duijn, & Braakman, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Silva et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Research International
AbbreviationFood Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0963-9969
ScopeFood Science

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