How to format your references using the Food Research International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Research International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloboda, J. (2014). Q&A: Melodic psychologist. Interview by Jascha Hoffman. Nature, 506(7489), 433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deane, G. B., & Stokes, M. D. (2002). Scale dependence of bubble creation mechanisms in breaking waves. Nature, 418(6900), 839–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Totan, Y., Güler, E., & Dervişoğulları, M. S. (2014). Brilliant Blue G assisted epiretinal membrane surgery. Scientific Reports, 4, 3956.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Geddes, C. G. R., Toth, C. S., Van Tilborg, J., Esarey, E., Schroeder, C. B., Bruhwiler, D., Nieter, C., Cary, J., & Leemans, W. P. (2004). High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding. Nature, 431(7008), 538–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka, H. J. (2010). Transitions in Molecular Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Moormann, P. (Ed.). (2013). Music and Game: Perspectives on a Popular Alliance. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Dijkstra, M. (2016). Constraining Reionization with Lyα Emitting Galaxies. In A. Mesinger (Ed.), Understanding the Epoch of Cosmic Reionization: Challenges and Progress (pp. 145–161). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Research International.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2015, November 12). Could Ketamine Be Used To Treat Depression? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Transportation Infrastructure: Highway Pavement Design Guide Is Outdated (RCED-98-9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, A. (2017). Group Mentoring Program to Empower Transitional-Aged Youth: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2005, February 10). Know When to Hold ’em, Know When to Fold ’em. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloboda, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Deane & Stokes, 2002; Sloboda, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deane & Stokes, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Totan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Geddes et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Research International
AbbreviationFood Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0963-9969
ScopeFood Science

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