How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bohannon, “The Gonzo Scientist. The Science Dance Match-Up Challenge,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5925, p. 332, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. C. Rowland and M.-B. Moser, “Neuroscience: A three-dimensional neural compass,” Nature, vol. 517, no. 7533, pp. 156–157, Jan. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Wild, A. Gardner, and S. A. West, “Adaptation and the evolution of parasite virulence in a connected world,” Nature, vol. 459, no. 7249, pp. 983–986, Jun. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Chen et al., “n-3 PUFA supplementation benefits microglial responses to myelin pathology,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7458, Dec. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Wood, W. Brown, and H. Howe, IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
N. Bosso, Mechatronic Modeling of Real-Time Wheel-Rail Contact. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Zaidi and M. Nasir, “Assessment and Evaluation,” in Teaching and Learning Methods in Medicine, M. Nasir, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 109–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Unlocking The Secrets Of Mysterious Interstellar Molecules,” IFLScience, Jul. 30, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Acquisition: A Comprehensive Strategy Is Needed for Cultural Change at FAA,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-96-159, Aug. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. L. Thixton, “Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “State Bonds In Jeopardy As Tobacco Cash Fades,” New York Times, p. B1, May 04, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Auton. Ment. Dev.
ISSN (print)1943-0604
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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