How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. W. Hambley, “Chemistry. Metal-based therapeutics,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5855, pp. 1392–1393, Nov. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. E. Miroshnichenko and Y. S. Kivshar, “Applied physics. Polarization traffic control for surface plasmons,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6130, pp. 283–284, Apr. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Constância, G. Kelsey, and W. Reik, “Resourceful imprinting,” Nature, vol. 432, no. 7013, pp. 53–57, Nov. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Doray, P. Ghosh, J. Griffith, H. J. Geuze, and S. Kornfeld, “Cooperation of GGAs and AP-1 in packaging MPRs at the trans-Golgi network,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5587, pp. 1700–1703, Sep. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Yin, Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
L. Duan, Cognitive Virtual Network Operator Games. New York, NY: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Richards, “Influence and Incentives in Financial Institution Supervision,” in Financial Supervision in the 21st Century, A. J. Kellermann, J. de Haan, and F. de Vries, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 73–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Watch The European Space Agency Land A Spacecraft On A Comet,” IFLScience, 07-Nov-2014. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Office of Personnel Management: Improvements Needed to Ensure Successful Retirement Systems Modernization,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-345, Jan. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. N. McNeil, “‘I noticed something wrong’: Lived experiences of women of color who faced a protracted journey to diagnosis with lupus,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. L. Dorman, “Art Deco Los Angeles,” New York Times, p. TR1, 04-Oct-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Auton. Ment. Dev.
ISSN (print)1943-0604
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

Other styles