How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. L. Stocum, “Development. A tail of transdifferentiation,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5600, pp. 1901–1903, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Farrant and S. G. Cull-Candy, “Neuroscience. AMPA receptors--another twist?,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5972, pp. 1463–1465, Mar. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Lee, M. Kim, and K.-H. Cho, “A design principle underlying the paradoxical roles of E3 ubiquitin ligases,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5573, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Li, Q. Guo, J. A. Kalb, and C. V. Thompson, “Matching glass-forming ability with the density of the amorphous phase,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5909, pp. 1816–1819, Dec. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. T. Barrett-Lennard, The Relationship Inventory. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
S. P. L. Leong, Ed., From Local Invasion to Metastatic Cancer: Involvement of Distant Sites Through the Lymphovascular System. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Mark, J. Varma, J. LaMarche, A. Horovitz, and K. Kim, “The Devil in the Detail View,” in More iPhone Development with Swift: Exploring the iOS SDK, J. Varma, J. LaMarche, A. Horovitz, and K. Kim, Eds. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2015, pp. 89–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Earliest Case of Leprosy in the UK Found in 1,500-Year-Old Skeleton,” IFLScience, May 18, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Higher Education: Federal Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Programs and Related Trends,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-114, Oct. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Wilkins, “The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “Inside Hamlet,” New York Times, p. C1, Jul. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Auton. Ment. Dev.
ISSN (print)1943-0604
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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