How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Gibbs, “The search continues for Karman’s St Christopher,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6792, p. 122, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. A. Gibbs and D. L. Nelson, “Human genetics. Primate shadow play,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5611, pp. 1331–1333, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Nobes, A. Lloyd, and M. Marsh, “RETROSPECTIVE. Alan Hall (1952-2015),” Science, vol. 350, no. 6264, p. 1039, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Elbaum, L. Zaltzman, I. Burgert, and P. Fratzl, “The role of wheat awns in the seed dispersal unit,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5826, pp. 884–886, May 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. A. Kazemi, J. H. Lehr, and P. Perrochet, Groundwater Age. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
A. F. Gelbukh, Ed., Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 12th International Conference, CICLing 2011, Tokyo, Japan, February 20-26, 2011. Proceedings, Part I, vol. 6608. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6608. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
L. M. Hannay and L. Earl, “Transformational Cultural Norms Supportive of Knowledge-Management,” in Reframing Transformational Leadership: New School Culture and Effectiveness, I. M. Saleh and M. S. Khine, Eds., Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014, pp. 55–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Australian Police Announce Hoverboard Unit For Back To The Future Day,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Noise: Costs of Phasing Out Noisy Aircraft,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-91-128, Jul. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. L. Marcheschi, “Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding individuals with epilepsy by marriage and family therapists and social workers,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Another Marathon Match Win by Nadal Sets Up Final With Federer,” New York Times, p. D5, Jan. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Auton. Ment. Dev.
ISSN (print)1943-0604
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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