How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Ghahramani, “Probabilistic machine learning and artificial intelligence,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp. 452–459, May 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. C. Y. Lau and J. L. Rubinstein, “Subnanometre-resolution structure of the intact Thermus thermophilus H+-driven ATP synthase,” Nature, vol. 481, no. 7380, pp. 214–218, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. G. Colombo, C. Franzoni, and C. Rossi-Lamastra, “ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Cash from the crowd,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6240, pp. 1201–1202, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. H. Hua, C. Y. Wu, K. Sargsyan, and C. Lim, “Sequence-motif detection of NAD(P)-binding proteins: discovery of a unique antibacterial drug target,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6471, Sep. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. A. Smith, Virgil. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
M. Weichold, M. Hamdi, M. Z. Shakir, M. Abdallah, G. K. Karagiannidis, and M. Ismail, Eds., Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks: 10th International Conference, CROWNCOM 2015, Doha, Qatar, April 21-23, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 156. in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol. 156. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Mason, A. Shaw, and A. I. Al-Shamma’a, “Inventory Management in the Packaged Gas Industry Using Wireless Sensor Networks,” in Advances in Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks, S. C. Mukhopadhyay and H. Leung, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 75–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Artificial Kidneys Could Be In Patients By 2020,” IFLScience, Nov. 11, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Problems in Administering Programs To Improve Law Enforcement Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-75-67, Jun. 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Flores, “An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. F. Wasik, “How Student Debt Is Snuffing Out Creative Sparks,” New York Times, p. B7, Jan. 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Auton. Ment. Dev.
ISSN (print)1943-0604
ScopeArtificial Intelligence

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