How to format your references using the Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
B.K. Sovacool, Energy. Deploying off-grid technology to eradicate energy poverty, Science. 338 (2012) 47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
R.C. Lee, V. Ambros, An extensive class of small RNAs in Caenorhabditis elegans, Science. 294 (2001) 862–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
H. Olff, M.E. Ritchie, H.H.T. Prins, Global environmental controls of diversity in large herbivores, Nature. 415 (2002) 901–904.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A.P. Verhaar, E. Hoekstra, A.S.W. Tjon, W.K. Utomo, J.J. Deuring, E.R.M. Bakker, V. Muncan, M.P. Peppelenbosch, Dichotomal effect of space flight-associated microgravity on stress-activated protein kinases in innate immunity, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Supplemental Proceedings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
J. Kilian, ed., Theory of Cryptography: Second Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2005, Cambridge, MA, USA, February 10-12, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
N. Dragicevic, D.D. Verma, A. Fahr, Invasomes: Vesicles for Enhanced Skin Delivery of Drugs, in: N. Dragicevic, H.I. Maibach (Eds.), Percutaneous Penetration Enhancers Chemical Methods in Penetration Enhancement: Nanocarriers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016: pp. 77–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science.

Blog post
[1]
E. Andrew, Old dope, new tricks: the new science of medical cannabis, IFLScience. (2014). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/old-dope-new-tricks-new-science-medical-cannabis/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Maritime Law Exemption: Exemption Provides Limited Competitive Advantage, but Barriers to Further Entry under U.S. Flag Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S. Solari, A unified anatomical theory and computational model of cognitive information processing in the mammalian brain and the introduction of DNA reco codes, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
K. Kelly, S. Eder, Trump Adviser Tied to Goldman to Sell Chinese Bank Stake, New York Times. (2017) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
AbbreviationExp. Therm. Fluid Sci.
ISSN (print)0894-1777
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Nuclear Energy and Engineering
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering

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