How to format your references using the Drugs of Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Meet the spin doctors. Nature 2000 Apr 27;404(6781):918–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apostolou E, Hochedlinger K. Chromatin dynamics during cellular reprogramming. Nature 2013 Oct 24;502(7472):462–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lynch M, Koskella B, Schaack S. Mutation pressure and the evolution of organelle genomic architecture. Science 2006 Mar 24;311(5768):1727–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gibson QD, Evtushinsky D, Yaresko AN, et al. Quasi one dimensional Dirac electrons on the surface of Ru₂Sn₃. Sci Rep 2014 Jun 4;4:5168.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li Y. Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Ventura HO, editor. Pharmacologic Trends of Heart Failure. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Schöll E, Hövel P, Flunkert V, Dahlem MA. Time-Delayed Feedback Control: From Simple Models to Lasers and Neural Systems. In: Atay FM, editor. Complex Time-Delay Systems: Theory and Applications Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 85–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Long Have HIV’s Ancestors Been Infecting Primates? [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-99-286.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Korobenko A. Advanced Fluid–Structure Interaction Techniques in Application to Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Sooners’ Student Spirit Club Tries to Be Neither Too Raucous Nor Too Tame. New York Times 2001 Jan 1;D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of Today
ISSN (print)1699-3993
ISSN (online)1699-4019

Other styles