How to format your references using the Drugs of Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman RH. MATERIALS SCIENCE: Putting a New Spin on Carbon Nanotubes. Science 2000 Nov 17;290(5495):1310–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aldecoa R, Marín I. Exploring the limits of community detection strategies in complex networks. Sci Rep 2013;3:2216.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wisse BE, Kim F, Schwartz MW. Physiology. An integrative view of obesity. Science 2007 Nov 9;318(5852):928–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marston AL, Tham W-H, Shah H, Amon A. A genome-wide screen identifies genes required for centromeric cohesion. Science 2004 Feb 27;303(5662):1367–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stoican F, Olaru S. Set-theoretic Fault-tolerant Control in Multisensor Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Klemm R. Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia: Geoarchaeology of the Ancient Gold Mining Sites in the Egyptian and Sudanese Eastern Deserts. Klemm D, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Andes DR, Dismukes WE. Azoles. In: Kauffman CA, Pappas PG, Sobel JD, Dismukes WE, editors. Essentials of Clinical Mycology New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 61–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. Throwing Science At Anti-Vaxxers Just Makes Them More Hardline [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Income Security Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Sep. Report No.: AA-97-11(3).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey TN. Effects of low pass filtered input on adult non-lexical intonation in second language acquisition [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Kendrick Lamar At No. 1 for 2nd Week. New York Times 2017 May 1;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of Today
ISSN (print)1699-3993
ISSN (online)1699-4019

Other styles