How to format your references using the Drugs of Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C. Adoptive cell therapy: Honing that killer instinct. Nature 2013 Dec 19;504(7480):S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wayland B, Fu X. Chemistry. Building molecules with carbon monoxide reductive coupling. Science 2006 Feb 10;311(5762):790–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaimi K, Ishak A, Pop I. Boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a nonlinearly permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Sci Rep 2014 Mar 18;4:4404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cusanovich DA, Reddington JP, Garfield DA, et al. The cis-regulatory dynamics of embryonic development at single-cell resolution. Nature 2018 Mar 22;555(7697):538–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedivy J, Carlson G. Sold on Language. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Normand N, Guédon J, Autrusseau F, editors. Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 19th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2016, Nantes, France, April 18-20, 2016. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
van Velzen C, Bezzina C, Lorist P. Partnerships Between Schools and Teacher Education Institutes. In: Swennen A, Klink M van der, editors. Becoming a Teacher Educator: Theory and Practice for Teacher Educators Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of Today.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Earth’s Meteorites Were Very Different 500 Million Years Ago [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: U.S. Life-Cycle Funding Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 May. Report No.: NSIAD-98-147.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kulavuz-Onal D. English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M. Business Leaders Urge Trump to Keep Shield in Place. New York Times 2017 Sep 5;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of Today
ISSN (print)1699-3993
ISSN (online)1699-4019

Other styles