How to format your references using the Drugs of Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubery E. A year of opportunity. Nature 2001 Apr 19;410(6831):867–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes RJ, Noble IR. Climate change. Storing carbon on land. Science 2001 Nov 2;294(5544):1012–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fowler AG, Devitt SJ, Jones C. Surface code implementation of block code state distillation. Sci Rep 2013;3:1939.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee MS, Kwon YT, Li M, Peng J, Friedlander RM, Tsai LH. Neurotoxicity induces cleavage of p35 to p25 by calpain. Nature 2000 May 18;405(6784):360–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hannon L, Clift J. General Hospital Care for People with Learning Disabilities. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
Kleinaltenkamp M, Plinke W, Geiger I, editors. Business Project Management and Marketing: Mastering Business Markets. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbuti PA. Stem Cell Therapy for Neurological Disorders: From Bench to Bedside. In: Somasundaram I, editor. Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. p. 41–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of Today.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers Observe Star Dust Formation in Real Time [Internet]. IFLScience IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Actions Needed to Improve Documentation of Key Decisions in the TIGER Discretionary Grant Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-628R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson DL. BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly J. When the Mill Pulled the Rub Out From Under Yonkers. New York Times 1979 Jul 29;Westchester WeeklyWC15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of Today
ISSN (print)1699-3993
ISSN (online)1699-4019

Other styles