How to format your references using the Drugs of Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Drugs of Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chiang Y-M. Materials science. Building a better battery. Science 2010 Dec 10;330(6010):1485–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knudsen BM, Andersen SB. Geophysics. Longitudinal variation in springtime ozone trends. Nature 2001 Oct 18;413(6857):699–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwarz G, Mendel RR, Ribbe MW. Molybdenum cofactors, enzymes and pathways. Nature 2009 Aug 13;460(7257):839–47.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mallmann RT, Wilmes T, Lichvarova L, et al. Tetraspanin-13 modulates voltage-gated CaV2.2 Ca2+ channels. Sci Rep 2013;3:1777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner JR, Durham TA. Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Singh LR, Dar TA, Ahmad P, editors. Proteostasis and Chaperone Surveillance. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalnins A, Barzdins J. Metamodel Specialization for DSL Tool Building. In: Arnicans G, Arnicane V, Borzovs J, Niedrite L, editors. Databases and Information Systems: 12th International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2016, Riga, Latvia, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 68–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Drugs of Today.

Blog post
Hale T. This Blue or Green Spectrum Illusion Depends On How Your Brain Perceives Color. IFLScience IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Agencies Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Feb. Report No.: AA-98-29(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chalmers TD. The social context of advertising: Authenticity, social identity, and reflected appraisals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Halbfinger DM, Hubbard B. Airstrikes on Syrian Sites Renew Focus on Chemical Arms. New York Times 2017 Sep 7;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleDrugs of Today
ISSN (print)1699-3993
ISSN (online)1699-4019

Other styles