How to format your references using the Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman M (2005) Disappointment in slow-down for biomedical funding. Nature 433:559
A journal article with 2 authors
Stolinsky DC, Rubinstein E (2000) Science’s Conversation with Jiang Zemin. Science 289:548–549
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter WE, Pettke T, Heinrich CA (2002) The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science 296:1844–1846
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mai S, Walker GE, Brunani A, et al (2014) Inherent insulin sensitivity is a major determinant of multimeric adiponectin responsiveness to short-term weight loss in extreme obesity. Sci Rep 4:5803

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park S, Guille-Escuret G (2017) Sociobiology vs Socioecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Evers D, Fuller M, Runehov A, Sæther K-W (eds) (2016) Issues in Science and Theology: Do Emotions Shape the World? Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Slee PT, Skrzypiec G (2016) School and Classroom Climate and Well-being. In: Skrzypiec G (ed) Well-Being, Positive Peer Relations and Bullying in School Settings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Hawks Help Protect Hummingbird Nests From Ravenous Jays. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Freight Railroads: Updated Information on Rates and Other Industry Trends. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker MT (2009) Structure-property stress state dependent relationships under varying strain rates. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, David Goodman J (2014) The Rush to Save Rivers’s Life at a Surgery Clinic. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Stolinsky and Rubinstein 2000; Wadman 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stolinsky and Rubinstein 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Mai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources Management
AbbreviationWater Resour. Manage.
ISSN (print)0920-4741
ISSN (online)1573-1650
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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