How to format your references using the Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2003) Seeking strength in numbers. Nature 421:194
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloom P, Weisberg DS (2007) Childhood origins of adult resistance to science. Science 316:996–997
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh D, Segal A, Voets T (2014) Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP. Sci Rep 4:7111
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gandha K, Elkins K, Poudyal N, et al (2014) High energy product developed from cobalt nanowires. Sci Rep 4:5345

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen CJ (2011) Physics of Solar Energy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
James B (2015) Pro XAML with C#: Application Development Strategies. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Maher MJ (2016) Resistance to Corruption of General Strategic Argumentation. In: Baldoni M, Chopra AK, Son TC, et al. (eds) PRIMA 2016: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 19th International Conference, Phuket, Thailand, August 22-26, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Ancient Human Sacrifices Found Under Walls Of Korean Castle. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/ancient-human-sacrifices-found-under-walls-korean-castle/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Surface Transportation: Prospects for Innovation Through Research, Intelligent Transportation Systems, State Infrastructure Banks, and Design-Build Contracting. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut CW (2012) Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Friedland S (1902) THE RUSSIAN STUDENT QUESTION AS SEEN BY A RUSSIAN WOMAN. New York Times The New York Times MAGAZINE SUPPLEMENTSM13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2003; Bloom and Weisberg 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloom and Weisberg 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gandha et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources Management
AbbreviationWater Resour. Manage.
ISSN (print)0920-4741
ISSN (online)1573-1650
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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