How to format your references using the Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin EE (2015) Earth science: Ocean circulation and rapid climate change. Nature 517:30–31
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert KA, Thompson MB (2001) Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature 412:698–699
A journal article with 3 authors
Carrez P, Ferré D, Cordier P (2007) Implications for plastic flow in the deep mantle from modelling dislocations in MgSiO3 minerals. Nature 446:68–70
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Girardi M, Oppenheim DE, Steele CR, et al (2001) Regulation of cutaneous malignancy by gammadelta T cells. Science 294:605–609

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach J (2010) Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Schalley CA, Vögtle F, Dötz KH (eds) (2005) Templates in Chemistry II: -/-. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ryan MC, Grewal IS (2009) Targeting of BAFF and APRIL for Autoimmunity and Oncology. In: Grewal IS (ed) Therapeutic Targets of the TNF Superfamily. Springer, New York, NY, pp 52–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Genetically Modified Immune Cells With ‘Suicide Genes’ Designed To Attack Cancers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Activities of the Research and Development Center - Thailand, Advanced Research Projects Agency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young AJ (2017) An Examination of Cultures of Innovation within Esoteric Technology Provider: A Look into Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE). Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart MK (2015) A Complicated Match Made on the Hardwood. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Robert and Thompson 2001; Martin 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Thompson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Girardi et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources Management
AbbreviationWater Resour. Manage.
ISSN (print)0920-4741
ISSN (online)1573-1650
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles