How to format your references using the Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robock A (2011) Nuclear winter is a real and present danger. Nature 473:275–276
A journal article with 2 authors
Butler S, Harrowell P (2002) Factors determining crystal--liquid coexistence under shear. Nature 415:1008–1011
A journal article with 3 authors
Su Z, Huang W, Gu X (2011) Comment on “Positive selection of tyrosine loss in metazoan evolution.” Science 332:917; author reply 917
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li K, Jing Y, Yang C, et al (2014) Increased leukemia-associated gene expression in benzene-exposed workers. Sci Rep 4:5369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pardoe I (2006) Applied Regression Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Duncan IJH, Hawkins P (eds) (2010) The Welfare of Domestic Fowl and Other Captive Birds. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Sheskin I, Dashefsky A (2014) Jewish Population in the United States, 2013. In: Dashefsky A, Sheskin I (eds) American Jewish Year Book 2013: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 201–277

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Life Might Jump Between Planets In The TRAPPIST-1 System. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Telecommunications: Wire-Based Competition Benefited Consumers In Selected Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al Hashimi H (2017) Local Measurement and Characterization via Fluorescing Materials for Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kamensky J (2017) Red, White, Black and Blue. New York Times BR27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robock 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Butler and Harrowell 2002; Robock 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Butler and Harrowell 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources Management
AbbreviationWater Resour. Manage.
ISSN (print)0920-4741
ISSN (online)1573-1650
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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