How to format your references using the Water Resources Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burns JA (2014) Solar system: Ring in the new. Nature 508:48–49
A journal article with 2 authors
Niessing J, Friedrich RW (2010) Olfactory pattern classification by discrete neuronal network states. Nature 465:47–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Ding YS, Chan CT, Wang RP (2013) Optical waves in a gradient negative-index lens of a half-infinite length. Sci Rep 3:2954
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pornillos O, Chen Y-J, Chen AP, Chang G (2005) X-ray structure of the EmrE multidrug transporter in complex with a substrate. Science 310:1950–1953

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor TA (2010) Guide to LEED® 2009 Estimating and Preconstruction Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Sadegh Amiri I (2015) Optical Soliton Communication Using Ultra-Short Pulses. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Hormazábal N, Cardoso HL, de la Rosa JL, Oliveira E (2010) An Approach for Virtual Organisations’ Dissolution. In: Padget J, Artikis A, Vasconcelos W, et al. (eds) Coordination, Organizations, Institutions and Norms in Agent Systems V: COIN 2009 International Workshops. COIN@AAMAS 2009, Budapest, Hungary, May 2009, COIN@IJCAI 2009, Pasadena, USA, July 2009, COIN@MALLOW 2009, Turin, Italy, September 2009. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 70–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources Management.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Mesmerizing Gif Shows Cell Division. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Problems in Regulating Selected Vaccines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang X (2012) Electroweak interactions and the delta resonance in a chiral effective field theory for nuclei. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig S (2016) Trump’s Brand Gets Lift From Aging Air Fleet. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burns 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Niessing and Friedrich 2010; Burns 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niessing and Friedrich 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Pornillos et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources Management
AbbreviationWater Resour. Manage.
ISSN (print)0920-4741
ISSN (online)1573-1650
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Water Science and Technology

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