How to format your references using the Equine Veterinary Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Equine Veterinary Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2007) Political climate. Nature 450, 333
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthews, P.G.D., Seymour, R.S. (2006) Diving insects boost their buoyancy bubbles. Nature 441, 171
A journal article with 3 authors
Dial, K.P., Jackson, B.E., Segre, P. (2008) A fundamental avian wing-stroke provides a new perspective on the evolution of flight. Nature 451, 985–989
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hulme, P.E., Pysek, P., Nentwig, W., Vilà, M. (2009) Ecology. Will threat of biological invasions unite the European Union? Science (New York, N.Y.) 324, 40–41

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B. (2010) Legal Aspects of Occupational Therapy. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
(2005) Dependable Computing - EDCC 5: 5th European Dependable Computing Conference, Budapest, Hungary, April 20-22, 2005. Proceedings. XVI, 480 p pages, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Jesteadt, W., Leibold, L.J. (2011) Loudness in the Laboratory, Part I: Steady-State Sounds. In Florentine M, Popper AN, Fay RR, editor(s). Loudness. Springer, New York, NY. pp 109–144.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Equine Veterinary Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017) Ants Use A ‘Princess Pheromone’ To Identify Future Queens. IFLScience Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peng, E. (2017) Teaching and Coaching Brazilian Jiujitsu: An Instructional Manual.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K., Rappeport, A. (2017) White House Tempers Ambitions for Cutting Corporate Tax Rate. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Matthews and Seymour 2006, Goldston 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthews and Seymour 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Hulme and others 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEquine Veterinary Education
AbbreviationEquine Vet. Educ.
ISSN (print)0957-7734
ISSN (online)2042-3292

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