How to format your references using the Equine Veterinary Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Equine Veterinary Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H. (2011) Multiple myeloma. Nature 480, S33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kurzban, R. and Barrett, H.C. (2012) Behavior. Origins of cumulative culture. Science 335, 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davies, J.P., Chen, F.W. and Ioannou, Y.A. (2000) Transmembrane molecular pump activity of Niemann-Pick C1 protein. Science 290, 2295–2298.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hirana, Y., Juhasz, G., Miyauchi, Y., Mouri, S., Matsuda, K. and Nakashima, N. (2013) Empirical prediction of electronic potentials of single-walled carbon nanotubes with a specific chirality (n,m). Sci. Rep. 3, 2959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben-Daya, M., Kumar, U. and Murthy, D.N.P. (2016) Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Evans, J.W. (2016) The Production and Processing of Inorganic Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kshirsagar, M., Carbonell, J.G., Klein-Seetharaman, J. and Murugesan, K. (2016) Multitask Matrix Completion for Learning Protein Interactions Across Diseases. In: Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 20th Annual Conference, RECOMB 2016, Santa Monica, CA, USA, April 17-21, 2016, Proceedings, Ed.: M. Singh, Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Equine Veterinary Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017) Life Might Jump Between Planets In The TRAPPIST-1 System. IFLScience . Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Management Agenda for the Presidential and Congressional Transition: Promote Transparency and Open Government to Enhance Civic Engagement and Foster Innovation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierre, R.R. (2019) A Phenomenological Study of the Boomerang-Employment Experience of Scientists and Engineers.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. (2017) A Divine Crucifixion, With Lingerie. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brody 2011, Kurzban and Barrett 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kurzban and Barrett 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirana et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEquine Veterinary Education
AbbreviationEquine Vet. Educ.
ISSN (print)0957-7734
ISSN (online)2042-3292

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