How to format your references using the Equine Veterinary Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Equine Veterinary Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cortada, X. (2011) Genome-sequencing anniversary. Painting the genome for the public. Science 331, 548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, R. and Cresswell, P. (2010) Defective cross-presentation of viral antigens in GILT-free mice. Science 328, 1394–1398.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lassus, P., Opitz-Araya, X. and Lazebnik, Y. (2002) Requirement for caspase-2 in stress-induced apoptosis before mitochondrial permeabilization. Science 297, 1352–1354.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hamad, I., Delaporte, E., Raoult, D. and Bittar, F. (2014) Detection of termites and other insects consumed by African great apes using molecular fecal analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1996) Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(2011) Honeybees of Asia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, I.S. (2006) Laparoscopic Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma. In: Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic, Eds.: A.C. Novick, J. Stephen Jones, I.S. Gill, E.A. Klein, R. Rackley and J.H. Ross, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. pp 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Equine Veterinary Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) New Claim Adds More Madness To The Bermuda Triangle Theories. IFLScience . Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) International School Feeding: USDA’s Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swenson, M.D. (2012) Second generation Latinos and the perceived barriers to college enrollment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton, M.B. (2011) Finding More Founders. New York Times BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cortada 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Singh and Cresswell 2010, Cortada 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Cresswell 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hamad et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEquine Veterinary Education
AbbreviationEquine Vet. Educ.
ISSN (print)0957-7734
ISSN (online)2042-3292

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