How to format your references using the Equine Veterinary Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Equine Veterinary Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk, D. (2012) The Urban Challenge. Science 336, 1396–1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catania, K.C. and Remple, F.E. (2005) Asymptotic prey profitability drives star-nosed moles to the foraging speed limit. Nature 433, 519–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Williams-Guillén, K., Perfecto, I. and Vandermeer, J. (2008) Bats limit insects in a neotropical agroforestry system. Science 320, 70.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Shlyk-Kerner, O., Samish, I., Kaftan, D., Holland, N., Sai, P.S.M., Kless, H. and Scherz, A. (2006) Protein flexibility acclimatizes photosynthetic energy conversion to the ambient temperature. Nature 442, 827–830.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mowlaee, P., Kulmer, J., Stahl, J. and Mayer, F. (2017) Single Channel Phase-Aware Signal Processing in Speech Communication: Theory and Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
(2015) Vaccine Analysis: Strategies, Principles, and Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pasha, M.K. (2013) Modernity’s Islamicist: Sayyid Qutb’s Theocentric Reconstruction of Sovereignty. In: Modernity’s Classics, Eds.: S.C. Humphreys and R.G. Wagner, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp 101–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Equine Veterinary Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) These Two Cheap Drugs Could Cut Breast Cancer Deaths. IFLScience . Accessed October 30, 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Arthur Schoenhaut. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navolio, L.M. (2004) The process of individuation as embodied in symbols, images, and alchemical motifs: A psychological study based on twelve paintings by Remedios Varo.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinberger, M. (2013) The Afterlife Of The Best Tennis Player In The World. New York Times MM31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisk 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Catania and Remple 2005, Fisk 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Catania and Remple 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Shlyk-Kerner et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEquine Veterinary Education
AbbreviationEquine Vet. Educ.
ISSN (print)0957-7734
ISSN (online)2042-3292

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