How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sheng P (2006) Applied physics. Waves on the horizon. Science 313:1399–1400
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenamyre JT, Hastings TG (2004) Biomedicine. Parkinson’s--divergent causes, convergent mechanisms. Science 304:1120–1122
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertsinidis A, Zhang Y, Chu S (2010) Subnanometre single-molecule localization, registration and distance measurements. Nature 466:647–651
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soucek L, Whitfield J, Martins CP, et al (2008) Modelling Myc inhibition as a cancer therapy. Nature 455:679–683

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner D (2012) Trading ETFs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Landoni G, Mucchetti M, Zangrillo A, Bellomo R (eds) (2015) Reducing Mortality in Critically Ill Patients. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Simovici DA, Djeraba C (2008) Partially Ordered Sets. In: Djeraba C (ed) Mathematical Tools for Data Mining: Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics. Springer, London, pp 129–172

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Ancient Minerals On Earth Can Help Explain The Early Solar System. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Payments for Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner R (2009) Artistiya: Popular music and personhood in postcolonial Bamako, Mali. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory D, Protess B, Palmer G (2016) In American Towns, Pumping Private Profit From Public Works. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sheng 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Greenamyre and Hastings 2004; Sheng 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenamyre and Hastings 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Soucek et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0944-1344
ISSN (online)1614-7499
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles