How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook RF (2010) Materials science. Probing the nanoscale. Science 328:183–184
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin CH, Wainwright PC (2013) Multiple fitness peaks on the adaptive landscape drive adaptive radiation in the wild. Science 339:208–211
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang K, Zhang Y, Wang S (2013) Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Sci Rep 3:3448
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chai G, Dong G, Qiu J, et al (2013) Phase transformation and intense 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped YF3/YOF submicron-crystals. Sci Rep 3:1598

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Safonov VO (2016) Trustworthy Cloud Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pavão MSG (ed) (2011) Glycans in Diseases and Therapeutics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Brewin CR (2012) A Theoretical Framework for Understanding Recovered Memory Experiences. In: Belli RF (ed) True and False Recovered Memories: Toward a Reconciliation of the Debate. Springer, New York, NY, pp 149–173

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Got A Great Relationship? You May Want To Thank Your Prehistoric Grandmother. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Air Traffic Control: Status of the Current Modernization Program and Planning for the Next Generation System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson P (2015) A Case Study of the Efficacy of Middle College on Educational Advancement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2015) Iceman Comes Out. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cook 2010; Martin and Wainwright 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Wainwright 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chai et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0944-1344
ISSN (online)1614-7499
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles