How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barinaga M (2000) SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Satisfaction Sans Status. Science 289:2025
A journal article with 2 authors
Lehmann J, Sohi S (2008) Comment on “Fire-derived charcoal causes loss of forest humus.” Science 321:1295; author reply 1295
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttle KB, Thomsen MA, Power ME (2007) Species interactions reverse grassland responses to changing climate. Science 315:640–642
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hooper IR, Tremain B, Dockrey JA, Hibbins AP (2014) Massively sub-wavelength guiding of electromagnetic waves. Sci Rep 4:7495

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McAulay AD (2011) Military Laser Technology for Defense. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Michael L, Kakas A (eds) (2016) Logics in Artificial Intelligence: 15th European Conference, JELIA 2016, Larnaca, Cyprus, November 9-11, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández de Cañete J, Galindo C, Moral IG (2011) Introduction to Control Systems. In: Galindo C, Moral IG (eds) System Engineering and Automation: An Interactive Educational Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 137–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Environmental Factors Experienced By A Man Could Impact His Grandchildren. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Computer Matching Act: OMB and Selected Agencies Need to Ensure Consistent Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klimek DL (2008) Antigone’s reach: A feminine model for today’s businesswoman. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Going After Big Prey. New York Times BR6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barinaga 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Barinaga 2000; Lehmann and Sohi 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lehmann and Sohi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hooper et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0944-1344
ISSN (online)1614-7499
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles