How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sambridge M (2003) Geophysics. An ensemble view of Earth’s inner core. Science 299:529–530
A journal article with 2 authors
Nath D, Shadan S (2011) Dynamics of the cell. Nature 475:307
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan S, Huse DA, White SR (2011) Spin-liquid ground state of the S = 1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Science 332:1173–1176
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soon F-F, Ng L-M, Zhou XE, et al (2012) Molecular mimicry regulates ABA signaling by SnRK2 kinases and PP2C phosphatases. Science 335:85–88

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee WF (2005) Verilog Coding for Logic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Yoshida H, Hawkes D, Vannier MW (eds) (2012) Abdominal Imaging. Computational and Clinical Applications: 4th International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 1, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Sanzana HC, Almonacid A, Mendez EO (2015) Good Practices in Private Parks. Valdivian Coastal Reservation. In: Panosso Netto A, Trigo LGG (eds) Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 85–103

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) New App Can Literally Improve Your Eyesight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Electronic Government: Initiatives Sponsored by the Office of Management and Budget Have Made Mixed Progress. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck J (2017) An Inquiry into Theory Use in HCI Research. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article, Judith Miller From (2005) Russian Denies Receiving Rights To Sell Oil from Saddam Hussein. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sambridge 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Sambridge 2003; Nath and Shadan 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nath and Shadan 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Soon et al. 2012)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0944-1344
ISSN (online)1614-7499
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles