How to format your references using the Environmental Science and Pollution Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Science and Pollution Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyran J-R (2007) Economics. Money illusion and the market. Science 317:1042–1043
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen S-W, Liu R-B (2014) Faraday rotation echo spectroscopy and detection of quantum fluctuations. Sci Rep 4:4695
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore JD, Kirk JA, Hunt T (2003) Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science 300:987–990
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Coggan JS, Bartol TM, Esquenazi E, et al (2005) Evidence for ectopic neurotransmission at a neuronal synapse. Science 309:446–451

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliani M (2009) The Practical Guide to Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Barga R (2015) Predictive Analytics with Microsoft Azure Machine Learning, Second Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Halfond WGJ, Orso A (2007) Detection and Prevention of SQL Injection Attacks. In: Christodorescu M, Jha S, Maughan D, et al. (eds) Malware Detection. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 85–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) A SpaceX Rocket Just Exploded At Cape Canaveral In Florida. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Telecommunications: Preliminary Information on the Federal Communications Commission’s Spectrum Allocation and Assignment Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black AM (2006) Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M, Fernandez M (2016) Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyran 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Tyran 2007; Chen and Liu 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Liu 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Coggan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
AbbreviationEnviron. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int.
ISSN (print)0944-1344
ISSN (online)1614-7499
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles