How to format your references using the Environmental Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. (2008). Cell therapy: being patient. Nature, 455(7213), 586–588.
A journal article with 2 authors
Côté, I. M., & Reynolds, J. D. (2002). Conservation biology. Predictive ecology to the rescue? Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bode, F., Sachs, F., & Franz, M. R. (2001). Tarantula peptide inhibits atrial fibrillation. Nature, 409(6816), 35–36.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Joh, H. M., Choi, J. Y., Kim, S. J., Chung, T. H., & Kang, T.-H. (2014). Effect of additive oxygen gas on cellular response of lung cancer cells induced by atmospheric pressure helium plasma jet. Scientific Reports, 4, 6638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hong, G. (2015). Causality in a Social World. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Goldak, J. A. (2005). Computational Welding Mechanics (M. Akhlaghi, Ed.). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, M., Tam, H. P., & Jen, T.-H. (2016). Classical Test Theory. In H. P. Tam & T.-H. Jen (Eds.), Educational Measurement for Applied Researchers: Theory into Practice (pp. 73–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Hazards.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 28). Witness A Deaf Woman Hear For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Customs Modernization (AIMD-97-43R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, B. C. (2009). A descriptive study of intercollegiate athletics in Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz, B. (2016, September 9). All Kidding Aside, Alderson and Mets Sign Tebow to Minor League Deal. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2008; Côté & Reynolds, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Côté & Reynolds, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Bode et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Joh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Hazards
AbbreviationEnviron. Hazards
ISSN (print)1747-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0059
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Global and Planetary Change
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles