How to format your references using the Environmental Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nestler, E. J. (2001). Neurobiology. Total recall-the memory of addiction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5525), 2266–2267.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldmann, H., & Cobbold, S. (2004). Exploiting tolerance processes in transplantation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 209–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tomioka, K., Yoshimura, M., & Fukui, T. (2012). A III-V nanowire channel on silicon for high-performance vertical transistors. Nature, 488(7410), 189–192.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wu, Z.-Y., Li, C., Liang, H.-W., Zhang, Y.-N., Wang, X., Chen, J.-F., & Yu, S.-H. (2014). Carbon nanofiber aerogels for emergent cleanup of oil spillage and chemical leakage under harsh conditions. Scientific Reports, 4, 4079.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou, C. (2013). Design and Analysis of Composite Structures. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Pinelas, S., Došlá, Z., Došlý, O., & Kloeden, P. E. (Eds.). (2016). Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions (Vol. 164). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kanemaru, S.-I. (2015). An Approach in Regenerative Medicine for the Treatment of Intractable Otitis Media. In J. Ito (Ed.), Regenerative Medicine in Otolaryngology (pp. 61–73). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Hazards.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 15). Fluffy Little Ducklings Are Capable Of Abstract Thoughts. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Social Security: State Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies’ Reimbursement for the Disabled (HRD-87-36BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monteiro, K. R. (2012). An experimental study of corrective feedback on synchronous oral computer-mediated communication [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008, January 20). Eve Thompson and Richard Robinson. New York Times, ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nestler, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nestler, 2001; Waldmann & Cobbold, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waldmann & Cobbold, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Tomioka et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Hazards
AbbreviationEnviron. Hazards
ISSN (print)1747-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0059
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Global and Planetary Change
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles