How to format your references using the Environmental Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Science in culture: Visual zoology. Historical wall charts found in Pavia. Nature, 421(6923), 580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scaffidi, P., & Misteli, T. (2006). Lamin A-dependent nuclear defects in human aging. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1059–1063.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, C. Y., Shcheglovitov, A., & Dolmetsch, R. (2010). The CRAC channel activator STIM1 binds and inhibits L-type voltage-gated calcium channels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6000), 101–105.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hajkova, P., Ancelin, K., Waldmann, T., Lacoste, N., Lange, U. C., Cesari, F., Lee, C., Almouzni, G., Schneider, R., & Surani, M. A. (2008). Chromatin dynamics during epigenetic reprogramming in the mouse germ line. Nature, 452(7189), 877–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M. (2010). Fixed Income Securities and Derivatives Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ember, M., Ember, C. R., & Skoggard, I. (Eds.). (2005). Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Granberg, T. A. (2013). Preparedness Measures for Emergency and Disaster Response. In V. Zeimpekis, S. Ichoua, & I. Minis (Eds.), Humanitarian and Relief Logistics: Research Issues, Case Studies and Future Trends (pp. 59–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Hazards.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 5). Surgeons Removed Teeth From Infant’s Brain Tumor. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Follow-up Review on Assistance to War Victims in Vietnam (B-133001). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica, D. (2013). The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garland, S. B. (2016, December 9). Writing a Memoir and Seeing Pain Give Way to Peace. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Scaffidi & Misteli, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scaffidi & Misteli, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Park et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hajkova et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Hazards
AbbreviationEnviron. Hazards
ISSN (print)1747-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0059
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Global and Planetary Change
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

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