How to format your references using the Environmental Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2010). Better all the time. Nature, 463(7281), 607.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, T. L., & Kim, C.-J. C. J. (2014). Repellent surfaces. Turning a surface superrepellent even to completely wetting liquids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6213), 1096–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jarillo-Herrero, P., van Dam, J. A., & Kouwenhoven, L. P. (2006). Quantum supercurrent transistors in carbon nanotubes. Nature, 439(7079), 953–956.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Y., Ma, J., Wang, J., Yuan, P., Xie, G., Ge, X., Liu, F., Yuan, X., Zhu, H., & Qian, L. (2014). Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers. Scientific Reports, 4, 3818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley, D. (2017). Communications and Mobility. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hu, Q. (2008). Markov Decision Processes With Their Applications (W. Yue, Ed.; Vol. 14). Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahn, G.-O., & Brown, J. M. (2006). Combinations of Hypoxia-Targeting Compounds and Radiation-Activated Prodrugs with Ionizing Radiation. In J. M. Brown, M. P. Mehta, & C. Nieder (Eds.), Multimodal Concepts for Integration of Cytotoxic Drugs (pp. 67–91). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Hazards.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 28). Morocco Will Have 24/7 Solar Power By 2017. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Supplemental Student Loans: Who Are the Largest Lenders? (HRD-90-72FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J. A. (2010). A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, May 4). Dudamel Condemns Venezuelan Politics. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Kim, 2014; Sarewitz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Kim, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Jarillo-Herrero et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Hazards
AbbreviationEnviron. Hazards
ISSN (print)1747-7891
ISSN (online)1878-0059
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Global and Planetary Change
Geography, Planning and Development
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles