How to format your references using the Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solomon, S., 2004. The hole truth. Nature 427, 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khosla, C., Tang, Y., 2005. Chemistry. A new route to designer antibiotics. Science 308, 367–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behie, S.W., Zelisko, P.M., Bidochka, M.J., 2012. Endophytic insect-parasitic fungi translocate nitrogen directly from insects to plants. Science 336, 1576–1577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, M., Wang, C., Otto, T.D., Oberstaller, J., Liao, X., Adapa, S.R., Udenze, K., Bronner, I.F., Casandra, D., Mayho, M., Brown, J., Li, S., Swanson, J., Rayner, J.C., Jiang, R.H.Y., Adams, J.H., 2018. Uncovering the essential genes of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum by saturation mutagenesis. Science 360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J., 2008. Understanding Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Simmons, J.A., Hackett, J.E. (Eds.), 2016. Phenomenology for the Twenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodych, O., Hushchyn, K., Shcherbyna, Y., Nikolski, I., Pasichnyk, V., 2009. SOM-Based Dynamic Image Segmentation for Sign Language Training Simulator, in: Yang, J., Ginige, A., Mayr, H.C., Kutsche, R.-D. (Eds.), Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration: Third International United Information Systems Conference, UNISCON 2009, Sydney, Australia, April 21-24, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Safety Of Contaminated Vitamins And Nutritional Supplements Can’t Be Left To Consumers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Possible Increased Use of the Federal Telecommunications System (FTS) by Government Agencies (No. B-146864). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R.J., 2012. An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2015. Where Charter Schools Outperform. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Solomon, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Khosla and Tang, 2005; Solomon, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Khosla and Tang, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food
AbbreviationEng. Agric. Environ. Food
ISSN (print)1881-8366
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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