How to format your references using the Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moynihan, D., 2013. A central agency is crucial for disaster response. Nature 495, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouhifd, M.A., Jephcoat, A.P., 2006. Aluminium control of argon solubility in silicate melts under pressure. Nature 439, 961–964.
A journal article with 3 authors
Teuten, E.L., Xu, L., Reddy, C.M., 2005. Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products. Science 307, 917–920.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Humphrey, D., Duggan, C., Saha, D., Smith, D., Käs, J., 2002. Active fluidization of polymer networks through molecular motors. Nature 416, 413–416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corten, R., 2014. Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Scherer, B., 2005. Introduction to Modern Portfolio optimization with NUOPT and S-PLUS. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
McDonald, B., McGehee, S., Landrum, R., 2012. Laying Out a Report, in: McGehee, S., Landrum, R. (Eds.), Pro SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp. 61–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Infected Bumblebees Self-Medicate In The Wild [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Federal Agencies’ Contracting for Research and Development in the Private, Profitmaking Sector (No. PSAD-77-66). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Leak, S.C., 2010. Building community capacity to meet the needs of our aging society: Interdisciplinary competency development for professionals (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moynihan, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bouhifd and Jephcoat, 2006; Moynihan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouhifd and Jephcoat, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Humphrey et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food
AbbreviationEng. Agric. Environ. Food
ISSN (print)1881-8366
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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