How to format your references using the Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kotliar, G., 2003. Physics. Driving the electron over the edge. Science 302, 67–69.
A journal article with 2 authors
Edenhofer, O., Minx, J., 2014. Climate policy. Mapmakers and navigators, facts and values. Science 345, 37–38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su, W., Bagshaw, C.R., Burley, G.A., 2013. Addressable and unidirectional energy transfer along a DNA three-way junction programmed by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides. Sci. Rep. 3, 1883.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, Y., Dong, Q., Liu, L., Han, P., Wei, Q., 2014. The impact of tumor location and multifocality on prognosis for patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalev, V.A., 2015. Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kallosh, R., Orazi, E. (Eds.), 2016. Theoretical Frontiers in Black Holes and Cosmology: Theoretical Perspective in High Energy Physics, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Selleron, G., Mezzadri-Centeno, T., 2008. Evaluation of prospective modelling methods: fuzzy logics and cellular automaton applied to deforestation in Venezuela, in: Paegelow, M., Olmedo, M.T.C. (Eds.), Modelling Environmental Dynamics: Advances in Geomatic Solutions, Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 109–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Ancient River Dolphin Relative Discovered In Peru Desert [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Drug-Impaired Driving: Additional Support Needed for Public Awareness Initiatives (No. GAO-15-293). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, C., 2014. Perceived efficacy of the O*NET Skills Search Tool among individuals with high functioning autism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., Cieply, M., 2015. Gettys Again Made to Cope With Grief in Public Eye. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kotliar, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Edenhofer and Minx, 2014; Kotliar, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Edenhofer and Minx, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food
AbbreviationEng. Agric. Environ. Food
ISSN (print)1881-8366
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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