How to format your references using the Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Climate change: the long road from Kyoto. Nature 426, 756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meinhart, A., Cramer, P., 2004. Recognition of RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain by 3’-RNA-processing factors. Nature 430, 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goes, S., Capitanio, F.A., Morra, G., 2008. Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions. Nature 451, 981–984.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Adams, R.W., Aguilar, J.A., Atkinson, K.D., Cowley, M.J., Elliott, P.I.P., Duckett, S.B., Green, G.G.R., Khazal, I.G., López-Serrano, J., Williamson, D.C., 2009. Reversible interactions with para-hydrogen enhance NMR sensitivity by polarization transfer. Science 323, 1708–1711.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W., 2009. Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Domaratzki, M., Okhotin, A., Salomaa, K., Yu, S. (Eds.), 2005. Implementation and Application of Automata: 9th International Conference, CIAA 2004, Kingston, Canada, July 22-24, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hall, R.J., 2009. Deer, in: Cockett, N.E., Kole, C. (Eds.), Genome Mapping and Genomics in Domestic Animals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Hyperloop One Performs First Test Of Groundbreaking Technology [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. IT Supply Chain: Additional Efforts Needed by National Security-Related Agencies to Address Risks (No. GAO-12-579T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, B.M., 2017. Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eldred, S.M., Kovaleski, S.F., Sisario, B., 2017. Unsolved Mysteries, in Purple. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Meinhart and Cramer, 2004; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meinhart and Cramer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Adams et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food
AbbreviationEng. Agric. Environ. Food
ISSN (print)1881-8366
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles