How to format your references using the Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haag, A., 2007. Alternatives in Colorado. Nature 446, 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, P., Stephenson, D., 2007. Climate change. A changing climate for prediction. Science 317, 207–208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lehmann, S., Jackson, A.D., Lautrup, B.E., 2006. Measures for measures. Nature 444, 1003–1004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tsukazaki, T., Mori, H., Echizen, Y., Ishitani, R., Fukai, S., Tanaka, T., Perederina, A., Vassylyev, D.G., Kohno, T., Maturana, A.D., Ito, K., Nureki, O., 2011. Structure and function of a membrane component SecDF that enhances protein export. Nature 474, 235–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corten, R., 2014. Computational Approaches to Studying the Co-evolution of Networks and Behavior in Social Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hippe, P., 2009. Design of Observer-based Compensators: From the Time to the Frequency Domain. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Duchateau, F., Bellahsene, Z., 2016. YAM: A Step Forward for Generating a Dedicated Schema Matcher, in: Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R. (Eds.), Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XXV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 150–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Study Reveals Discrimination Starts Before Grad School [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Tax Systems Modernization: Input Processing Strategy is Risky and Lacks a Sound Analytical Basis (No. T-IMTEC-92-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plosky, W.D., 2017. An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Kitsantonis, N., 2017. European Union Sets $9.5 Billion Agreement On Huge Greek Debt. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haag, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cox and Stephenson, 2007; Haag, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Stephenson, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsukazaki et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food
AbbreviationEng. Agric. Environ. Food
ISSN (print)1881-8366
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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