How to format your references using the Electrochemistry Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochemistry Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Cyranoski, The changing face of industry, Nature. 528 (2015) S184-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Claustre, S. Maritorena, Ocean science. The many shades of ocean blue, Science. 302 (2003) 1514–1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Naeem, D.R. Hahn, G. Schuurman, Producer-decomposer co-dependency influences biodiversity effects, Nature. 403 (2000) 762–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Shi, Y. Zhang, F. Zhao, H. Ruan, H. Huang, L. Luo, L. Li, Acetylcholine serves as a derepressor in Loperamide-induced Opioid-Induced Bowel Dysfunction (OIBD) in zebrafish, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.A. Brown, L. Kaplan, The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK, 2012.
An edited book
D.C. Alpini, G. Brugnoni, A. Cesarani, eds., Whiplash Injuries: Diagnosis and Treatment, 2nd ed. 2014, Springer, Milano, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Hoarau, T. Monteil, Persistent Patterns in Integer Discrete Circles, in: R. Gonzalez-Diaz, M.-J. Jimenez, B. Medrano (Eds.), Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochemistry Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, This Technique Could Lead To Self-Healing Tires, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Problems And Progress Of The U.S. Army Materiel Command’s Automated Data Processing Service Center Concept, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.L. Frisbee, The impact of mobile health (mhealth) technology on family caregiver’s burden levels and an assessment of variations in mhealth tool use, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. Baker, I. Fisher, Trump Stresses Palestinian Deal, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochemistry Communications
AbbreviationElectrochem. commun.
ISSN (print)1388-2481

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