How to format your references using the Electrochemistry Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochemistry Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Bornens, The centrosome in cells and organisms, Science. 335 (2012) 422–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Zhao, S.W. Running, Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009, Science. 329 (2010) 940–943.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Mongillo, O. Barak, M. Tsodyks, Synaptic theory of working memory, Science. 319 (2008) 1543–1546.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S.-H. Liao, H.-J. Jhuo, P.-N. Yeh, Y.-S. Cheng, Y.-L. Li, Y.-H. Lee, S. Sharma, S.-A. Chen, Single junction inverted polymer solar cell reaching power conversion efficiency 10.31% by employing dual-doped zinc oxide nano-film as cathode interlayer, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6813.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Carter, S.P. Bentley, Soil Properties and their Correlations, John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
D. Evers, M. Fuller, A. Runehov, K.-W. Sæther, eds., Issues in Science and Theology: Do Emotions Shape the World?, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Gratton, M.J. vandeVen, Laser Sources for Confocal Microscopy, in: J.B. Pawley (Ed.), Handbook Of Biological Confocal Microscopy, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006: pp. 80–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochemistry Communications.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Misinformation On Social Media: Can Technology Save Us?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Oversight of State Medicaid Management Information Systems Could Be Further Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. Pokhrel, Towards improved identification of spatially-distributed rainfall runoff models, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Glittering Prizes, New York Times. (2003) 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochemistry Communications
AbbreviationElectrochem. commun.
ISSN (print)1388-2481

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