How to format your references using the Electrochemistry Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochemistry Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Mogi, Cognitive factors correlating with the metacognition of the phenomenal properties of experience, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3354.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Khoury, J.P.A. Ioannidis, Medicine. Big data meets public health, Science. 346 (2014) 1054–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.H. Ahn, K.M. Rabe, J.-M. Triscone, Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures, Science. 303 (2004) 488–491.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Petrie, H. Schwabl, N. Brande-Lavridsen, T. Burke, Maternal investment. Sex differences in avian yolk hormone levels, Nature. 412 (2001) 498–499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.E. Gup, Banking and Financial Institutions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
A. Holzinger, C. Röcker, M. Ziefle, eds., Smart Health: Open Problems and Future Challenges, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Nakamura, A. Kimura, M. Ohta, T. Fujii, S. Fukutani, K. Furutaka, S. Goko, H. Harada, K. Hirose, J. Hori, M. Igashira, T. Kamiyama, T. Katabuchi, T. Kin, K. Kino, F. Kitatani, Y. Kiyanagi, M. Koizumi, M. Mizumoto, M. Oshima, K. Takamiya, Y. Toh, H. Yamana, Precise Measurements of Neutron Capture Cross Sections for LLFPs and MAs, in: K. Nakajima (Ed.), Nuclear Back-End and Transmutation Technology for Waste Disposal: Beyond the Fukushima Accident, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015: pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochemistry Communications.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Your Google Maps Images Are About To Get A Whole Lot Better Thanks To This Satellite, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, High-Definition Television: Applications for This New Technology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Jones, The impact of song on repeated reading: An examination of comprehension, fluency, and engagement with texts of Hispanic second graders in a Title I urban school, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Khodarkovsky, Russia’s age-old identity question, New York Times. (2017) 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochemistry Communications
AbbreviationElectrochem. commun.
ISSN (print)1388-2481

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