How to format your references using the E3S Web of Conferences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for E3S Web of Conferences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. R. Palmer, Science 306, 828 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Nori and A. Tonomura, Science 311, 344 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Huang, C. Pray, and S. Rozelle, Nature 418, 678 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. M. Murphy, D. M. H. Sexton, D. N. Barnett, G. S. Jones, M. J. Webb, M. Collins, and D. A. Stainforth, Nature 430, 768 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Tschirhart and W. Bielefeld, Managing Nonprofit Organizations (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., San Francisco, 2012)
An edited book
R. Debreceny, New Dimensions of Business Reporting and XBRL (DUV, Wiesbaden, 2007)
A chapter in an edited book
V. Bruni, P. Ferrara, and D. Vitulano, in Image Analysis and Recognition: 5th International Conference, ICIAR 2008, Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal, June 25-27, 2008. Proceedings, edited by A. Campilho and M. Kamel (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008), pp. 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for E3S Web of Conferences.

Blog post
T. Hale, IFLScience (2015)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Responses to Questions on FAA’s Computer Security and Year 2000 Program (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. A. Greenhall, Elucidating Mechanisms of Accelerated Neurological Aging, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, New York Times 133 (1993)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleE3S Web of Conferences
ISSN (print)2555-0403
ISSN (online)2267-1242

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