How to format your references using the Contraception: X citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contraception: X. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Granovetter M. Social science. Ignorance, knowledge, and outcomes in a small world. Science 2003;301:773–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Vogel EK, Machizawa MG. Neural activity predicts individual differences in visual working memory capacity. Nature 2004;428:748–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bastos-Aristizabal S, Kozlov G, Gehring K. Structure of the substrate-binding b’ domain of the Protein Disulfide Isomerase-Like protein of the Testis. Sci Rep 2014;4:4464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shi Y, Wang Y, Wong JI, Tan AYS, Hsu C-L, Li L-J, et al. Self-assembly of hierarchical MoSx/CNT nanocomposites (2<x<3): towards high performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 2013;3:2169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Reiher M, Wolf A. Relativistic Quantum Chemistry. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Lugmayr A, editor. Enterprise Applications and Services in the Finance Industry: 7th International Workshop, FinanceCom 2014, Sydney, Australia, December 2014, Revised Papers. vol. 217. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Harik V. New Trends in Nanoscale Mechanics of Nanostructures, Graphene Sheets and Nanocomposites. In: Harik V, editor. Trends in Nanoscale Mechanics: Mechanics of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Nanocomposites and Molecular Dynamics, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 141–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contraception: X.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Risks Vs Rewards: Why People With HIV Volunteer For ‘Cure’ Research. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/risks-vs-rewards-why-people-hiv-volunteer-cure-research/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Youth Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Munchel BF. Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rojas R. Prosecutors Set to Begin in Retrial of Patz Suspect. New York Times 2016:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleContraception: X
ISSN (print)2590-1516
Scope

Other styles