How to format your references using the Contemporary School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Begelman, M. (2009). Astronomy. A flare for acceleration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 399–400.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay, A., & Gray, J. (2006). 2020 computing: science in an exponential world. Nature, 440(7083), 413–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, C.-I., Shi, S., & Zhang, Y.-P. (2004). A case for conservation. Nature, 428(6979), 213–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Krumholz, A., Shcherbakova, D. M., Xia, J., Wang, L. V., & Verkhusha, V. V. (2014). Multicontrast photoacoustic in vivo imaging using near-infrared fluorescent proteins. Scientific reports, 4, 3939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pozen, R., Hamacher, T., & Phillips, D. (2011). The Fund Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Naumenko, K., & Aßmus, M. (Eds.). (2016). Advanced Methods of Continuum Mechanics for Materials and Structures (Vol. 60). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nalbandian, C., & Schwitter, R. (2016). A Speech Interface to the PENG $$^{ASP}$$ A S P System. In B. Davis, G. J. Pace, & A. Wyner (Eds.), Controlled Natural Language: 5th International Workshop, CNL 2016, Aberdeen, UK, July 25-27, 2016, Proceedings (pp. 48–57). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary School Psychology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 20). China Wants To Build A Lunar Base On The Far Side Of The Moon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). School-Meals Programs: USDA Has Enhanced Controls, but Additional Verification Could Help Ensure Legitimate Program Access (No. GAO-14-262). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, K. E. (2012). Transformational leadership practices of African-American ministers at predominantly African American Churches of Christ in Nashville, TN (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2008, December 7). NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times, p. M282.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Begelman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Begelman 2009; Szalay and Gray 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay and Gray 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Krumholz et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary School Psychology
AbbreviationContemp. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2159-2020
ISSN (online)2161-1505

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