How to format your references using the Contemporary School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Highfield, R. (2000). ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Selling Science to the Public. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5476), 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Muijres, F. T., & Dickinson, M. H. (2014). Bird flight: Fly with a little flap from your friends. Nature, 505(7483), 295–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baird, P., Downie, J., & Thompson, J. (2002). Medicine. Clinical trials and industry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5590), 2211.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, S. H., Bylykbashi, E., Chatila, Z. K., Lee, S. W., Pulli, B., Clemenson, G. D., et al. (2018). Combined adult neurogenesis and BDNF mimic exercise effects on cognition in an Alzheimer’s mouse model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6406).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk, J. J. (2016). Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
van Ditmarsch, H. (2015). One Hundred Prisoners and a Light Bulb. (B. Kooi, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersson, J. (2016). Reaching the World Through Free Licenses and Wikimedia’s Crowdsourced Platforms. In M. Ioannides, E. Fink, A. Moropoulou, M. Hagedorn-Saupe, A. Fresa, G. Liestøl, et al. (Eds.), Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection: 6th International Conference, EuroMed 2016, Nicosia, Cyprus, October 31 – November 5, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 33–37). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary School Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 20). We Now Know Why Pluto Has A Heart. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Progress Made in Fostering Partnerships, but National Strategy Remains Largely Descriptive Rather Than Strategic (No. GAO-09-638T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gardina, V. J. (2008). Analysis of LiDAR data for fluvial geomorphic change detection at a small Maryland stream (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, January 19). In the East Village, an Unusual Bid to Fix Up a Firehouse . . . New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Highfield 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Highfield 2000; Muijres and Dickinson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Muijres and Dickinson 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Choi et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary School Psychology
AbbreviationContemp. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2159-2020
ISSN (online)2161-1505

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