How to format your references using the Contemporary School Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary School Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nichols, D. (2011). Legal highs: the dark side of medicinal chemistry. Nature, 469(7328), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karsenty, G., & Ferron, M. (2012). The contribution of bone to whole-organism physiology. Nature, 481(7381), 314–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B., Parquette, J. R., & RajanBabu, T. V. (2009). Regiodivergent ring opening of chiral aziridines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5960), 1662.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, C., Liu, G., Cheng, S., Fang, T., & Lam, P. K. S. (2014). The environmental geochemistry of trace elements and naturally radionuclides in a coal gangue brick-making plant. Scientific reports, 4, 6221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll, N. (2013). Minerva’s Night Out. Oxford: A John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Stosic, N. (2005). Screw Compressors: Mathematical Modelling and Performance Calculation. (I. K. Smith & A. Kovacevic, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sánchez-Menoyo, J. L., & Ruiz-Ojeda, J. (2014). Acute Viral Encephalitis: Herpesviruses and Enteroviruses. In J. C. García-Moncó (Ed.), CNS Infections: A Clinical Approach (pp. 57–79). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary School Psychology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, November 4). Jellyfish Are Efficient Swimmers Because They Suck. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Reports Issued in October 1988 (No. 137398). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barta, M. E. (2009). Culture, customer-centricity, and customer relationship management in an online postsecondary learning institution (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003, January 29). Mayor Lifts Ban for Chinese New Year Fireworks Shows. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nichols 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Karsenty and Ferron 2012; Nichols 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karsenty and Ferron 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary School Psychology
AbbreviationContemp. Sch. Psychol.
ISSN (print)2159-2020
ISSN (online)2161-1505

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