How to format your references using the Computer Aided Geometric Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Aided Geometric Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbs, R., 2005. Deeper into the genome. Nature 437, 1233–1234.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang, Y.C., Gao, J., 2014. Strain-induced photoconductivity in thin films of Co doped amorphous carbon. Sci. Rep. 4, 6738.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khatiwala, S., Primeau, F., Hall, T., 2009. Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature 462, 346–349.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu, W., Shang, Y., Zhu, P., Zhai, Z., He, J., Huang, K., Luo, Y., 2013. Randomly broken fragment PCR with 5’ end-directed adaptor for genome walking. Sci. Rep. 3, 3465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe, O.C., 2011. Fundamentals of Stochastic Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zajda, J. (Ed.), 2015. Nation-Building and History Education in a Global Culture, Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bershadsky, A., Bozhday, A., Burukina, I., Gudkov, P., Gudkov, A., 2014. Concept of Complex Infrastructure Territory for Solving Problems of Integration Intersectoral Statistics, in: Kravets, A., Shcherbakov, M., Kultsova, M., Iijima, T. (Eds.), Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 11th Joint Conference, JCKBSE 2014, Volgograd, Russia, September 17-20, 2014. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Aided Geometric Design.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. 10 Greatest Unsolved Mysteries In Physics [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Commercial Trucking: Safety Concerns About Mexican Trucks Remain Even as Inspection Activity Increases (No. RCED-97-68). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haffner, I., 2017. Experimental Investigation of Temperature Dependency in Transmission Characteristics of Liquid Crystals by Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Supreme Court Takes Up 2 Cases Challenging Powers of U.S. Regulators to Protect Wetlands. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbs, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbs, 2005; Jiang and Gao, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and Gao, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Aided Geometric Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Geom. Des.
ISSN (print)0167-8396
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Aerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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