How to format your references using the Computer Aided Geometric Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Aided Geometric Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cho, A., 2008. American Physical Society meeting. Magnetic measurements hint at toastier superconductivity. Science 320, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whitaker, D.L., Edwards, J., 2010. Sphagnum moss disperses spores with vortex rings. Science 329, 406.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, K.J., Dietrich, P., Jessell, T.M., 2000. Genetic ablation reveals that the roof plate is essential for dorsal interneuron specification. Nature 403, 734–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Metsanurk, E., Tamm, A., Caro, A., Aabloo, A., Klintenberg, M., 2014. First-principles study of point defects at a semicoherent interface. Sci. Rep. 4, 7567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sommers-Flanagan, J., Sommers-Flanagan, R., 2015. Tough Kids Cool Counseling. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA, USA.
An edited book
Ågotnes, T., Broersen, J., Elgesem, D. (Eds.), 2012. Deontic Logic in Computer Science: 11th International Conference, DEON 2012, Bergen, Norway, July 16-18, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Niolu, C., Siracusano, A., 2014. Psychological Issues in Improving Adherence and Alliance, in: Vita, A., Siracusano, A., Fleischhacker, W. (Eds.), Adherence to Antipsychotics in Schizophrenia. Springer, Milano, pp. 139–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Aided Geometric Design.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Are Health And Fitness Apps Actually Good For You? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Proposal for Replacement of Indian Health Service Hospital (No. HRD-78-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh, C.T., 2005. Molecular Pharmacodynamics of Chemotherapy: Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) Inhibitors as Chemosensitizers (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Indomitable Russell Values One Accolade Above the Rest. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cho, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cho, 2008; Whitaker and Edwards, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whitaker and Edwards, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Metsanurk et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Aided Geometric Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Geom. Des.
ISSN (print)0167-8396
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Aerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles