How to format your references using the Computer Aided Geometric Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Aided Geometric Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanderah, T.A., 2002. Materials science. Talking ceramics. Science 298, 1182–1184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodrigues, A.R., Tabin, C.J., 2013. Developmental biology. Deserts and waves in gene expression. Science 340, 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Delsuc, F., Phillips, M.J., Penny, D., 2003. Comment on “Hexapod origins: monophyletic or paraphyletic?” Science 301, 1482; author reply 1482.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Not, F., Valentin, K., Romari, K., Lovejoy, C., Massana, R., Töbe, K., Vaulot, D., Medlin, L.K., 2007. Picobiliphytes: a marine picoplanktonic algal group with unknown affinities to other eukaryotes. Science 315, 253–255.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knopf, F.C., 2011. Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hung, T.-W. (Ed.), 2014. Communicative Action: Selected Papers of the 2013 IEAS Conference on Language and Action. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Wheelock, C.E., Phillips, B.M., Anderson, B.S., Miller, J.L., Miller, M.J., Hammock, B.D., 2008. Applications of Carboxylesterase Activity in Environmental Monitoring and Toxicity Identification Evaluations (TIEs), in: Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 117–178.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Aided Geometric Design.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Moron Allegedly Punches Hammerhead Shark To Death On Beach [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Aviation Security: Federal Coordination for Responding to In-flight Security Threats Has Matured, but Procedures Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-07-891R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, M.M.-X., 2017. Flymed Pharmacy, LLC, Home Delivery Services a Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stone, R.S.R., a partner in the public affairs company of Black, Manafort, Stone, Kelly, Has Worked For, Reagan, Nixon, 1989. How the G.O.P. Can Nail Down the Black Vote. New York Times 123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vanderah, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Rodrigues and Tabin, 2013; Vanderah, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodrigues and Tabin, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Not et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Aided Geometric Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Geom. Des.
ISSN (print)0167-8396
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Aerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles