How to format your references using the Computer Aided Geometric Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Aided Geometric Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2005. In the picture. Nature 434, 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Massol, F., Crochet, P.-A., 2008. Do animal personalities emerge? Nature 451, E8-9; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, K., Yeom, E., Lee, S.J., 2014. Real-time imaging of pulvinus bending in Mimosa pudica. Sci. Rep. 4, 6466.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Worobey, M., Telfer, P., Souquière, S., Hunter, M., Coleman, C.A., Metzger, M.J., Reed, P., Makuwa, M., Hearn, G., Honarvar, S., Roques, P., Apetrei, C., Kazanji, M., Marx, P.A., 2010. Island biogeography reveals the deep history of SIV. Science 329, 1487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diamond, D., 2015. Trading as a Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kashmiri, S.M., 2013. Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Oliveira, J.N., 2009. Extended Static Checking by Calculation Using the Pointfree Transform, in: Bove, A., Barbosa, L.S., Pardo, A., Pinto, J.S. (Eds.), Language Engineering and Rigorous Software Development: International LerNet ALFA Summer School 2008, Piriapolis, Uruguay, February 24 - March 1, 2008, Revised Tutorial Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 195–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Aided Geometric Design.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Scientists Crack The Secret To Graphene’s Superconductivity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Loma Prieta Earthquake: Collapse of the Bay Bridge and the Cypress Viaduct (No. RCED-90-177). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S., 2013. An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Patching Together a Lineup, the Mets Come Apart Against the Nationals. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Massol and Crochet, 2008; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Massol and Crochet, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Worobey et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Aided Geometric Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Geom. Des.
ISSN (print)0167-8396
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Aerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

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