How to format your references using the Computer Aided Geometric Design citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Aided Geometric Design. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondro, W., 2000. CANADIAN UNIVERSITIES: Funding of 2000 Slots Sets Off Musical Chairs. Science 288, 2112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rossky, P.J., Walker, G.C., 2010. Retrospective. Paul F. Barbara (1953-2010). Science 330, 1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinnunen, J., Rodríguez, M., Törmä, P., 2004. Pairing gap and in-gap excitations in trapped fermionic superfluids. Science 305, 1131–1133.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Van Damme, R., Wilson, R.S., Vanhooydonck, B., Aerts, P., 2002. Performance constraints in decathletes. Nature 415, 755–756.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, D.B., Davidson, M.W., 2012. Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Foulkes, W.D., Cooney, K.A. (Eds.), 2010. Male Reproductive Cancers: Epidemiology, Pathology and Genetics, Cancer Genetics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Batini, C., Scannapieco, M., 2008. Identificazione degli Oggetti, in: Scannapieco, M. (Ed.), Qualità Dei Dati: Concetti, Metodi e Tecniche, UNITEXT. Springer, Milano, pp. 103–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Aided Geometric Design.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. 600-Year-Old Buddha Statue Re-Emerges Following Water Level Drops [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Automated Patent System: Information on PTO’s Program to Automate Patent Information and Processes (No. T-IMTEC-92-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapman, T.W., 2017. Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Teaching Tour Guides the Trivia Behind the Trivia. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondro, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kondro, 2000; Rossky and Walker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rossky and Walker, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Van Damme et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Aided Geometric Design
AbbreviationComput. Aided Geom. Des.
ISSN (print)0167-8396
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Aerospace Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles