How to format your references using the Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Cohen, Knife-edge of design, Nature. 411 (2001) 529.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.D. MacPherson, D.J. Srolovitz, The von Neumann relation generalized to coarsening of three-dimensional microstructures, Nature. 446 (2007) 1053–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Day, R. Langston, R.G.M. Morris, Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning, Nature. 424 (2003) 205–209.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Tsukamoto, A. Kuma, M. Murakami, C. Kishi, A. Yamamoto, N. Mizushima, Autophagy is essential for preimplantation development of mouse embryos, Science. 321 (2008) 117–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. McDonnell, D. Sheard, A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
F. Sansò, M.G. Sideris, eds., Geoid Determination: Theory and Methods, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Traverso, D. Demirel, J. Buchmann, State of the Art of Homomorphic Signature Schemes, in: D. Demirel, J. Buchmann (Eds.), Homomorphic Signature Schemes: A Survey, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects.

Blog post
J. Davis, Terminally Ill Teenage Girl Wins Right To Have Her Body Cryogenically Frozen, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Active Commuter Rail Agency Service Contracts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.C. Quintero, Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, The Executive Life; Wall St. Dems Find Little to Like in 1992, New York Times. (1992) 333.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
AbbreviationColloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.
ISSN (print)0927-7757
ScopeColloid and Surface Chemistry

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