How to format your references using the Clinical Lung Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Lung Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor JP. Neurodegenerative diseases: G-quadruplex poses quadruple threat. Nature. 2014;507(7491):175-177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jain S, Bates FS. On the origins of morphological complexity in block copolymer surfactants. Science. 2003;300(5618):460-464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khan SUM, Al-Shahry M, Ingler WB Jr. Efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2. Science. 2002;297(5590):2243-2245.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Urani A, Tan R, Rubele R, Mietchen D. Scientists and societies: giving young European students a voice. Nature. 2004;427(6972):378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass DB. Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Lakshmibai V. Standard Monomial Theory: Invariant Theoretic Approach. Vol 137. (Raghavan KN, ed.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal B, Mittal N. Semantic Parsing Using Dependency Rules. In: Mittal N, ed. Prominent Feature Extraction for Sentiment Analysis. Socio-Affective Computing. Springer International Publishing; 2016:47-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Lung Cancer.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Top Six Dinosaur Myths And How We Busted Them. IFLScience. Published June 24, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Issues in Providing Cable and Satellite Television Services. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson O. Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. New Leader, Tough Issues for Court in Transition. New York Times. September 30, 2005:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Lung Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Lung Cancer
ISSN (print)1525-7304
ScopeCancer Research
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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