How to format your references using the Clinical Lung Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Lung Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lynden-Bell D. Retrospective. Allan Sandage (1926-2010). Science. 2010;330(6012):1763.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Savill J, Fadok V. Corpse clearance defines the meaning of cell death. Nature. 2000;407(6805):784-788.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thürmer K, Hwang RQ, Bartelt NC. Surface self-organization caused by dislocation networks. Science. 2006;311(5765):1272-1274.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Swindell WR, Johnston A, Xing X, et al. Robust shifts in S100a9 expression with aging: a novel mechanism for chronic inflammation. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Goddard Blythe S. Assessing Neuromotor Readiness for Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Pedersen TB, Mohania MK, Tjoa AM, eds. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 11th International Conference, DaWaK 2009 Linz, Austria, August 31–September 2, 2009 Proceedings. Vol 5691. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Delgado A, Jensen RM, Schulte C. Generating Optimal Stowage Plans for Container Vessel Bays. In: Gent IP, ed. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming - CP 2009: 15th International Conference, CP 2009 Lisbon, Portugal, September 20-24, 2009 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2009:6-20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Lung Cancer.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. How The Moon Got Its Tilt Explained By New Model. IFLScience. Published November 1, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-the-moon-got-its-tilt-explained-by-new-model/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Safety Effects of Less Prescriptive Requirements for Low-Stress Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines Are Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Harris R. Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols. Published online 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. A Coach’s Mistake, a Teaching Moment. New York Times. May 5, 2010:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Lung Cancer
AbbreviationClin. Lung Cancer
ISSN (print)1525-7304
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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