How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2003) Fact or fiction? Nature 425:219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallotti R & Barthelemy M (2014) Anatomy and efficiency of urban multimodal mobility. Sci Rep 4:6911.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao J, Benlekbir S & Rubinstein JL (2015) Electron cryomicroscopy observation of rotational states in a eukaryotic V-ATPase. Nature 521:241–245.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McDaniel L, Houchin LA, Williamson SJ & Paul JH (2002) Lysogeny in marine Synechococcus. Nature 415:496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads G (2017) Living Mindfully. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Araújo V (2010) Three-Dimensional Flows. M.J. Pacifico (ed). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Adkins CE, Mittapalli RK, Bohn KA, Bansal A, Venishetty VK & Lockman PR (2012) Vascular Permeability Within Brain Metastases. In: Central Nervous System Metastasis, the Biological Basis and Clinical Considerations. D. Palmieri (ed). Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht. pp. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) We’ve Created A New Way To Look At Your Vagina – It Might Just Save Your Life. Available at: (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Digital Television Transition: Increased Federal Planning and Risk Management Could Further Facilitate the DTV Transition. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garraway OL (2008) A study of the relationship between corporate leaders’ beliefs and the firm’s strategic decisions.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) Study Puts a Little Distance Between Dinosaurs and Their Bird Relations. New York Times:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Gallotti & Barthelemy 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallotti & Barthelemy 2014)
  • Three authors: (Zhao, Benlekbir & Rubinstein 2015)
  • 99 or more authors: (McDaniel, Houchin, Williamson & Paul 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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