How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Emlen DJ (2001) Costs and the diversification of exaggerated animal structures. Science 291:1534–1536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Žutić I, Lee J (2012) Applied physics. Spin twists in a transistor. Science 337:307–308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D (2006) Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science 311:614–615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Findlay HS, Hennige SJ, Wicks LC, Navas JM, Woodward EMS, Roberts JM (2014) Fine-scale nutrient and carbonate system dynamics around cold-water coral reefs in the northeast Atlantic. Sci Rep 4:3671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hines M (2015) Marketing implant dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pink WT, Noblit GW (eds) (2007) International Handbook of Urban Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hellström L (2009) A Rewriting Approach to Graph Invariants. In: Generalized Lie Theory in Mathematics, Physics and Beyond. Silvestrov S, Paal E, Abramov V, Stolin A (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 47–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) First Cloud Of Complex Chemicals Found Around A Star Outside Our Galaxy. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) NASA Report May Overstate the Economic Benefits of Research and Development Spending. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailoor S (2016) Implicit-Explicit Time stepping for a Two-Dimensional Inviscid Fluid-Structure Interaction Solver. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) A Hero’s Journey Is a Real Head Trip. New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Emlen 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Emlen 2001, Žutić & Lee 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Žutić & Lee 2012)
  • Three authors: (Cho et al. 2006)
  • 99 or more authors: (Findlay et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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