How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mitrofanov IG (2003) Astrophysics: a constraint on canonical quantum gravity? Nature 426:139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Misra S, Froelich PN (2012) Lithium isotope history of Cenozoic seawater: changes in silicate weathering and reverse weathering. Science 335:818–823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Simiyu K, Daar AS, Singer PA (2010) Global health. Stagnant health technologies in Africa. Science 330:1483–1484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bigenzahn JW, Collu GM, Kartnig F, Pieraks M, Vladimer GI, Heinz LX, Sedlyarov V, Schischlik F, Fauster A, Rebsamen M, Parapatics K, Blomen VA, Müller AC, Winter GE, Kralovics R, Brummelkamp TR, Mlodzik M, Superti-Furga G (2018) LZTR1 is a regulator of RAS ubiquitination and signaling. Science.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krause TR (2005) Leading with Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hull E (2011) Requirements Engineering. Jackson K, Dick J (eds) Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Lampley AJ, Gross CE, Klement M, Easley ME (2016) Clinical Examination. In: Foot and Ankle Sports Orthopaedics. Valderrabano V, Easley M (eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p 39–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Why Understanding Native American Religion Is Important For Resolving The Dakota Access Pipeline Crisis. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lake AD (2013) Hepatic stress response mechanisms in progressive human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M, Walsh MW (2013) Surpluses Help, But Fiscal Woes For States Go On. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mitrofanov 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mitrofanov 2003, Misra & Froelich 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Misra & Froelich 2012)
  • Three authors: (Simiyu et al. 2010)
  • 99 or more authors: (Bigenzahn et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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