How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binder P-M (2008) Mathematics. Frustration in complexity. Science 320:322–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton DR, Wilson IA (2007) Immunology. Square-dancing antibodies. Science 317:1507–1508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang J-T, Chen C, Kawazoe Y (2013) New carbon allotropes with helical chains of complementary chirality connected by ethene-type π-conjugation. Sci Rep 3:3077.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hu Y-C, Wu L, Yan L-F, Wang W, Wang S-M, Chen B-Y, Li G-F, Zhang B, Cui G-B (2014) Predicting subtypes of thymic epithelial tumors using CT: new perspective based on a comprehensive analysis of 216 patients. Sci Rep 4:6984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratzliff A, Unutzer J, Katon W, Stephens KA (2015) Integrated Care. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ebert A, van der Veer GC, Domik G, Gershon ND, Scheler I (eds) (2014) Building Bridges: HCI, Visualization, and Non-formal Modeling: IFIP WG 13.7 Workshops on Human–Computer Interaction and Visualization: 7th HCIV@ECCE 2011, Rostock, Germany, August 23, 2011, and 8th HCIV@INTERACT 2011, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kullmann O, Lynce I, Marques-Silva J (2006) Categorisation of Clauses in Conjunctive Normal Forms: Minimally Unsatisfiable Sub-clause-sets and the Lean Kernel. In: Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing - SAT 2006: 9th International Conference, Seattle, WA, USA, August 12-15, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Biere A, Gomes CP (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 22–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) The Edge Of The Universe Is Closer Than Scientists Previously Thought. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Improve Its Risk Management of Decennial Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones JD (2013) Parental attachment style: Links with parent and adolescent perceptions of parenting and observed secure base behaviors. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Historical Nightmare of Racism, Hypnotically Retold. New York Times:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Binder 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Burton & Wilson 2007, Binder 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burton & Wilson 2007)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al. 2013)
  • 99 or more authors: (Hu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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