How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J (2008) The Gonzo Scientist. Can scientists dance? Science 319:905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Naya Y, Suzuki WA (2011) Integrating what and when across the primate medial temporal lobe. Science 333:773–776.
A journal article with 3 authors
Constância M, Kelsey G, Reik W (2004) Resourceful imprinting. Nature 432:53–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dale GL, Friese P, Batar P, Hamilton SF, Reed GL, Jackson KW, Clemetson KJ, Alberio L (2002) Stimulated platelets use serotonin to enhance their retention of procoagulant proteins on the cell surface. Nature 415:175–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sage AP, Rouse WB (2011) Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brada JC, Wachtel P (eds) (2016) Global Banking Crises and Emerging Markets. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigo MA, Cañizares P, Lobato J, Sáez C (2010) Modeling of Electrochemical Process for the Treatment of Wastewater Containing Organic Pollutants. In: Electrochemistry for the Environment. Comninellis C, Chen G (eds) Springer, New York, NY, p 99–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Rubella Has Officially Been Eradicated From The Americas. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) FCC: Maritime Communications. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang N (2015) Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) From the Farm | Where Corn Is King. New York Times:NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon 2008, Naya & Suzuki 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Naya & Suzuki 2011)
  • Three authors: (Constância et al. 2004)
  • 99 or more authors: (Dale et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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