How to format your references using the Climate Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hobert O (2008) Gene regulation by transcription factors and microRNAs. Science 319:1785–1786.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitt JN, Ferré-D’Amaré AR (2010) Rapid construction of empirical RNA fitness landscapes. Science 330:376–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bordenstein SR, O’Hara FP, Werren JH (2001) Wolbachia-induced incompatibility precedes other hybrid incompatibilities in Nasonia. Nature 409:707–710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nestola F, Korolev N, Kopylova M, Rotiroti N, Pearson DG, Pamato MG, Alvaro M, Peruzzo L, Gurney JJ, Moore AE, Davidson J (2018) CaSiO3 perovskite in diamond indicates the recycling of oceanic crust into the lower mantle. Nature 555:237–241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baher H (2012) Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dua S, Gangopadhyay A, Thulasiraman P, Straccia U, Shepherd M, Stein B (eds) (2012) Information Systems, Technology and Management: 6th International Conference, ICISTM 2012, Grenoble, France, March 28-30, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wieland T, Fenne M, Stöcker B (2006) Background Data Acquisition and Carrying: The BlueDACS Project. In: Architecture of Computing Systems - ARCS 2006: 19th International Conference, Frankfurt/Main, Germany, March 13-16, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Grass W, Sick B, Waldschmidt K (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p 56–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Genetically Modified Cows Show Increased Tuberculosis Resistance. (accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology Cost Estimation: Agencies Need to Address Significant Weaknesses in Policies and Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salmons I (2017) Best Practices for Managing Burnout in Attorneys. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Feeney K (2007) Healthy but Not Preachy. New York Times:14NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hobert 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hobert 2008, Pitt & Ferré-D’Amaré 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitt & Ferré-D’Amaré 2010)
  • Three authors: (Bordenstein et al. 2001)
  • 99 or more authors: (Nestola et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Research
AbbreviationClim. Res.
ISSN (print)0936-577X
ISSN (online)1616-1572
ScopeAtmospheric Science
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry

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