How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Menzel D (2002) Surface science. Water on a metal surface. Science 295:58–59
A journal article with 2 authors
Caldeira K, Wickett ME (2003) Oceanography: anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature 425:365
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson IM, Ranjan R, Schwarz TL (2002) Synaptotagmins I and IV promote transmitter release independently of Ca(2+) binding in the C(2)A domain. Nature 418:336–340
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Olesen C, Picard M, Winther A-ML, et al (2007) The structural basis of calcium transport by the calcium pump. Nature 450:1036–1042

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wassenaar TM (2011) Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Handa H, Ishibuchi H, Ong Y-S, Tan KC (eds) (2015) Proceedings of the 18th Asia Pacific Symposium on Intelligent and Evolutionary Systems, Volume 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Szymanek A (2010) “Defence-in-Depth” Strategy in Transport Risk Management. In: Mikulski J (ed) Transport Systems Telematics: 10th Conference, TST 2010, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland, October 20-23, 2010. Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) What Is This Strange Object At The Center Of Our Galaxy? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Inquiry Into Possible Computer Processing Problems in School Lunch Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez JA (2015) Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2015) Watching Youth Fly by, in Fiction and Fact. New York Times AR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Menzel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Menzel 2002; Caldeira and Wickett 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caldeira and Wickett 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Olesen et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles