How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ormerod P (2012) Social networks can spread the Olympic effect. Nature 489:337
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu H, Lalanne P (2008) Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission. Nature 452:728–731
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu Q-S, Pu L, Poo M-M (2005) Repeated cocaine exposure in vivo facilitates LTP induction in midbrain dopamine neurons. Nature 437:1027–1031
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yoo S-J, Chang J-H, Lee J-H, et al (2014) Formation of perfect ohmic contact at indium tin oxide/N,N’-di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N’-diphenyl-benzidine interface using ReO3. Sci Rep 4:3902

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero CS (2010) Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bailey J, Maier D, Schewe K-D, et al (eds) (2008) Web Information Systems Engineering - WISE 2008: 9th International Conference, Auckland, New Zealand, September 1-3, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Leong W, Wang D-A (2014) Engineering Biomaterials for Anchorage-Dependent and Non-anchorage-Dependent Therapeutic Cell Delivery in Translational Medicine. In: Cai W (ed) Engineering in Translational Medicine. Springer, London, pp 103–131

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) New Polio Cases In Ukraine And Mali Don’t Mean The Vaccine Is Failing. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-polio-cases-ukraine-and-mali-don-t-mean-vaccine-failing/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oliver CN (2008) The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S (2017) A Dramatist as Dungeon Master. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ormerod 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Lalanne 2008; Ormerod 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Lalanne 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles