How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2003) Tougher rules aim to prevent gene flow into crops. Nature 422:103
A journal article with 2 authors
Sunami A, Kurokawa K (2009) Recession Watch: No time for nationalism. Nature 457:960–961
A journal article with 3 authors
Vander Heiden MG, Cantley LC, Thompson CB (2009) Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science 324:1029–1033
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Su S-H, Xu W, Hai J, et al (2014) Effects of statins-use for patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Sci Rep 4:4573

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kossiakoff A, Sweet WN (2005) Systems Engineering Principles and Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zsidisin GA, Ritchie B (eds) (2009) Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Huang Z, Chen Y, Chavarría-Miranda D (2013) High-Performance Computing for Real-Time Grid Analysis and Operation. In: Khaitan SK, Gupta A (eds) High Performance Computing in Power and Energy Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 151–188

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Scientists May Have Finally Figured Out What Causes Food Comas. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Air Traffic Control: Computer Capacity Shortfalls May Impair Flight Safety. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland AD (2013) A qualitative study of clinical oncology nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Rikers Guards Accused of Turning a Blind Eye to, or Even Enabling, Sex Assaults. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag 2003; Sunami and Kurokawa 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sunami and Kurokawa 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles