How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schübeler D (2015) Function and information content of DNA methylation. Nature 517:321–326
A journal article with 2 authors
Medley GF, Nokes DJ (2009) Epidemiology. Does viral diversity matter? Science 325:274–275
A journal article with 3 authors
Topper TP, Holmer LE, Caron J-B (2014) Brachiopods hitching a ride: an early case of commensalism in the middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Sci Rep 4:6704
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Baker ML, Schröder GF, et al (2010) Mechanism of folding chamber closure in a group II chaperonin. Nature 463:379–383

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski R, Niewiadomska-Bugaj M (2007) Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Duque G, Watanabe K (eds) (2011) Osteoporosis Research: Animal Models. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Niephaus C, Kretschmer M, Ghinea G, Hadzic S (2015) Enabling Converged Satellite and Terrestrial Access Networks. In: Nungu A, Pehrson B, Sansa-Otim J (eds) e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries: 6th International Conference, AFRICOMM 2014, Kampala, Uganda, November 24-25, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Optical Illusion Of A Brick Wall Is Really Driving The Internet Nuts. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gros TR (2009) A templated agarose scaffold for axon guidance in the central and peripheral nervous system. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Verses of Civil Rights Anthem ‘We Shall Overcome’ Are Ruled Not Under Copyright. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schübeler 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Medley and Nokes 2009; Schübeler 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medley and Nokes 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles