How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lane J (2009) Science innovation. Assessing the impact of science funding. Science 324:1273–1275
A journal article with 2 authors
Dominguez-Villar M, Hafler DA (2011) Immunology. An innate role for IL-17. Science 332:47–48
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard NJ, Grootes PM, Smith FH (2004) Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd. Nature 430:198–201
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yu H, Tieu AK, Lu C, et al (2014) A deformation mechanism of hard metal surrounded by soft metal during roll forming. Sci Rep 4:5017

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1998) Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Borangiu T, Thomas A, Trentesaux D (eds) (2015) Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi-agent Manufacturing. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
He X, Tang B (2012) Mismatched Signal Jamming to Synthetic Aperture Radar. In: Liang Q, Wang W, Mu J, et al. (eds) Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems: The 2012 Proceedings of the International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing, and Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Mars Helicopter Drone Could Fly Across The Surface. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) High-Speed Ground Transport: Acquiring Rights-of-Way for Maglev Systems Requires a Flexible Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata MI (2017) Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2009) For Foods and ‘a Few Things.’ New York Times NJ17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lane 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lane 2009; Dominguez-Villar and Hafler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dominguez-Villar and Hafler 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles