How to format your references using the Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savolainen O (2011) Evolution. The genomic basis of local climatic adaptation. Science 334:49–50
A journal article with 2 authors
Wells JA, McClendon CL (2007) Reaching for high-hanging fruit in drug discovery at protein-protein interfaces. Nature 450:1001–1009
A journal article with 3 authors
Geng WT, Wang J-S, Olson GB (2005) Comment on “Grain boundary decohesion by impurity segregation in a nickel-sulfur system.” Science 309:1677; author reply 1677
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kopp VI, Churikov VM, Singer J, et al (2004) Chiral fiber gratings. Science 305:74–75

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA (2010) Transforming Private Landlords. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Fassbinder SD, Ii AJN, Kahn R (eds) (2012) Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Jalan S, Atay FM, Jost J (2013) Inferring Global Synchrony from Local Symbolic Dynamics. In: Banerjee S, Rondoni L (eds) Applications of Chaos and Nonlinear Dynamics in Science and Engineering - Vol. 3. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 161–170

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Fly Above Mount Etna With This Stunning Drone Footage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Commercial Space: Industry Developments and FAA Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lackey GM (2015) The efficacy of using a natural soil additive for the establishment, survival and diversity of native prairie and spontaneously colonizing plant communities on unirrigated green roofs in a humid subtropical climate. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Troy T (2017) How Conservatives Can Find Their Way. New York Times SR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savolainen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Wells and McClendon 2007; Savolainen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wells and McClendon 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kopp et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleClean Technologies and Environmental Policy
AbbreviationClean Technol. Environ. Policy
ISSN (print)1618-954X
ISSN (online)1618-9558
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles