How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sterman J D 2008 Economics. Risk communication on climate: mental models and mass balance Science 322 532–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Scruggs J and Jacob P 2009 Engineering. Harvesting ocean wave energy Science 323 1176–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford H L, Ravelo A C and Polissar P J 2015 Reduced El Niño-Southern Oscillation during the Last Glacial Maximum Science 347 255–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Schopf J W, Kudryavtsev A B, Agresti D G, Wdowiak T J and Czaja A D 2002 Laser--Raman imagery of Earth’s earliest fossils Nature 416 73–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kondrashov A S 2017 Crumbling Genome (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Keith M 2013 Pro JPA 2 ed M Schincariol (Berkeley, CA: Apress)
A chapter in an edited book
Friberg T and Labriola L 2010 Wide-Field Imaging and Angiography Medical Retina: Focus on Retinal Imaging Essentials in Ophthalmology ed F G Holz and R Spaide (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 27–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics.

Blog post
Hamilton K 2016 Plate Tectonics: New Findings Fill Out The 50-Year-Old Theory That Explains Earth’s Landmasses IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2002 Human Services Integration: Results of a GAO Cosponsored Conference on Modernizing Information Systems (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich M A 2017 “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890 Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S 2008 Georgian Church Envoys Meet With Russian Official New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Chemical Physics
ISSN (print)1674-0068

Other styles