How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mavilio F 2012 Gene therapies need new development models Nature 490 7
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell A M and Robinson G E 2011 Genomics. Behavior and the dynamic genome Science 332 1161–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Henry G T, Fortner C K and Bastian K C 2012 The effects of experience and attrition for novice high-school science and mathematics teachers Science 335 1118–21
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Stricker J, Cookson S, Bennett M R, Mather W H, Tsimring L S and Hasty J 2008 A fast, robust and tunable synthetic gene oscillator Nature 456 516–9

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith C L 2010 Advanced Process Control (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Pecharsky V K 2009 Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials ed P Y Zavalij (Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Dubey S P and Molumi C P 2015 Salivary Glands Color Atlas of Head and Neck Surgery: A Step-by-Step Guide ed C P Molumi (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 73–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 DIY Can Be Dangerous – But It’s The Invisible Dust That May Harm You The Most IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Highway Trust Fund: Financial Status and Outlook (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Serrano M 2017 Bilingual Sentiment Analysis of Spanglish Tweets Doctoral dissertation (Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard M 2010 The Game and the Shoe New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Chemical Physics
ISSN (print)1674-0068

Other styles