How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gordon RG. Plate tectonics. The Antarctic connection. Nature. 2000;404:139–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Parren PWHI, Burton DR. Immunology. Two-in-one designer antibodies. Science. 2009;323:1567–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wichterle H, Gifford D, Mazzoni E. Neuroscience. Mapping neuronal diversity one cell at a time. Science. 2013;341:726–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Williams AG, Rayson MP, Jubb M, World M, Woods DR, Hayward M, et al. The ACE gene and muscle performance. Nature. 2000;403:614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Toy M. Networks and Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Ropo M, Westerholm J, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 16th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Espoo, Finland, September 7-10, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Droop M, Flarer M, Groppe J, Groppe S, Linnemann V, Pinggera J, et al. Translating XPath Queries into SPARQL Queries. In: Meersman R, Tari Z, Herrero P, editors. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2007: OTM 2007 Workshops: OTM Confederated International Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, OTM Academy Doctoral Consortium, MONET, OnToContent, ORM, PerSys, PPN, RDDS, SSWS, and SWWS 2007, Vilamoura, Portugal, November 25-30, 2007, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 9–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Researchers Are Looking To A Surprisingly Old Idea For The Next Generation Of Ships: Wind Power. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jul. Report No.: GAO-12-899.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Seymour CR. Natives Versus Exotics and Grasses Versus Forbs: A Long-Term Study of Vegetation in La Jolla Valley [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Childs M. Pimco and Star Investor Settle Venomous War Over His Ouster. New York Times. 2017 Mar 27;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationChin. J. Cancer
ISSN (online)1944-446X
ScopeOncology

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