How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Holmes CD. Air pollution and forest water use. Nature. 2014;507:E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang T, Overgaard J. Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science. 2007;315:49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Politi A, Matthews JCF, O’Brien JL. Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip. Science. 2009;325:1221.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Koziol K, Vilatela J, Moisala A, Motta M, Cunniff P, Sennett M, et al. High-performance carbon nanotube fiber. Science. 2007;318:1892–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Taber DF. Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Nowicki A, Litniewski J, Kujawska T, editors. Acoustical Imaging: Volume 31. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rich SJ. Interdisciplinary Learning: A Stimulant for Reflective Practice. In: Chhem RK, Hibbert KM, Deven TV, editors. Radiology Education: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Cheap, Efficient Electrodes Open Path For Hydrogen Fuel [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/cheap-efficient-electrodes-open-path-hydrogen-fuel/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Drug Control: Status Report on Counterdrug Technology Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-93-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cox TM. Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Rare Violin in the Spotlight. New York Times. 2005 Nov 21;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationChin. J. Cancer
ISSN (online)1944-446X
ScopeOncology

Other styles