How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Streicker DG. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. From persistence to cross-species emergence of a viral zoonosis. Science. 2013;342:1185–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Weitzer S, Martinez J. The human RNA kinase hClp1 is active on 3’ transfer RNA exons and short interfering RNAs. Nature. 2007;447:222–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Carpi F, Bauer S, De Rossi D. Materials science. Stretching dielectric elastomer performance. Science. 2010;330:1759–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Keenan RA, De Riva A, Corleis B, Hepburn L, Licence S, Winkler TH, et al. Censoring of autoreactive B cell development by the pre-B cell receptor. Science. 2008;321:696–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Vaughan D, Robinson N, Lucas N, Arulkumaran S. Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1. Lee S-W, Bülthoff HH, Müller K-R, editors. Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wagner H, Bauer R, Melchart D, Xiao P-G, Staudinger A. Fructus Schisandrae — Wuweizi. In: Wagner H, Bauer R, Melchart D, Xiao P-G, Staudinger A, editors. Chromatographic Fingerprint Analysis of Herbal Medicines: Thin-layer and High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Chinese Drugs. Vienna: Springer; 2011. p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Turn Water Into Ice Instantly! [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/turn-water-ice-instantly/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Transportation: NASA Has No Firm Need for Increasingly Costly Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jul. Report No.: NSIAD-90-192.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Vianna MH. An exploration of the factors that influence Brazilian students’ fluency of English: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Packer G. Revolutionary Roads. New York Times. 2015 Jul 5;BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationChin. J. Cancer
ISSN (online)1944-446X
ScopeOncology

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