How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stock JM. Geochemistry. The Hawaiian-Emperor bend: older than expected. Science. 2006;313:1250–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Fox BA, Bzik DJ. De novo pyrimidine biosynthesis is required for virulence of Toxoplasma gondii. Nature. 2002;415:926–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Li de la Sierra-Gallay I, Pellegrini O, Condon C. Structural basis for substrate binding, cleavage and allostery in the tRNA maturase RNase Z. Nature. 2005;433:657–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fàbrega C, Farrow MA, Mukhopadhyay B, de Crécy-Lagard V, Ortiz AR, Schimmel P. An aminoacyl tRNA synthetase whose sequence fits into neither of the two known classes. Nature. 2001;411:110–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Perry DE, Haluska MJ. Hiring Greatness. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Berkovsky S, Freyne J, editors. Persuasive Technology: 8th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2013, Sydney, NSW, Australia, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Deckert K. Corporate Criminal Liability in France. In: Pieth M, Ivory R, editors. Corporate Criminal Liability: Emergence, Convergence, and Risk. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 147–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Fossil Provides Insight On The Origins Of Echolocation In The Toothed Whale [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-fossil-provides-insight-origins-echolocation-toothed-whale/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Feb. Report No.: 089071.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wilday D. Soulmaking within the destructive side of God seeing through monotheism’s holy warrior 9/11 to prehistory [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J. Forecast for Hurricanes Is Stormier Than Normal. New York Times. 2017 May 25;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Cancer
AbbreviationChin. J. Cancer
ISSN (online)1944-446X
ScopeOncology

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