How to format your references using the China Journal of Accounting Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for China Journal of Accounting Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, M.H., 2011. Astronomy. Shooting for the stars. Science 332, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaensler, B.M., Frail, D.A., 2000. A large age for the pulsar B1757-24 from an upper limit on its proper motion. Nature 406, 158–160.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tibi, R., Wiens, D.A., Inoue, H., 2003. Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences. Nature 424, 921–925.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hutvágner, G., McLachlan, J., Pasquinelli, A.E., Bálint, E., Tuschl, T., Zamore, P.D., 2001. A cellular function for the RNA-interference enzyme Dicer in the maturation of the let-7 small temporal RNA. Science 293, 834–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Box, G.E.P., Luceño, A., Paniagua-Quiñones, M.D.C., 2009. Statistical Control by Monitoring and Adjustment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Duran, M., Höft, M., Medjahed, B., Lawson, D.B., Orady, E.A. (Eds.), 2016. STEM Learning: IT Integration and Collaborative Strategies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dana, R.H., 2009. Transitions in Psychotherapy, Clinical Diagnosis, and Assessment, in: Dana, R.H., Allen, J. (Eds.), Cultural Competency Training in a Global Society, International and Cultural Psychology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for China Journal of Accounting Research.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Human Embryos Grown In Lab For Record Period Of Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies (No. GAO-16-144). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, C.-M., 2012. Synthesis and Evaluation of Macrocycles as Potential Antitumor Agents (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, P.S., 2015. Cambio de vidas: Los hermanos perdidos de Bogotá. New York Times MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gaensler and Frail, 2000; Montgomery, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaensler and Frail, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hutvágner et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChina Journal of Accounting Research
AbbreviationChina J. Acc. Res.
ISSN (print)1755-3091

Other styles