How to format your references using the Cell Stem Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stem Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graham-Rowe, D. (2011). Epidemiology: Racing against the flu. Nature 480, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katsir, Y., and Marmur, A. (2014). Rate of bubble coalescence following quasi-static approach: screening and neutralization of the electric double layer. Sci. Rep. 4, 4266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, T., Náñez, J.E., and Sasaki, Y. (2001). Perceptual learning without perception. Nature 413, 844–848.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lifshitz, Y., Duan, X.F., Shang, N.G., Li, Q., Wan, L., Bello, I., and Lee, S.T. (2001). Nanostructure. Epitaxial diamond polytypes on silicon. Nature 412, 404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dincer, I., Rosen, M.A., and Ahmadi, P. (2017). Optimization of Energy Systems (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
(2012). Biology Education for Social and Sustainable Development (Rotterdam: SensePublishers).
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, L., and Liu, Z. (2013). Study on Consumer Satisfaction in Agricultural Products Supermarkets and Fairs. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012: Volume 3, Z. Zhong, ed. (London: Springer), pp. 41–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stem Cell.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Despite Volkswagen Cheat, Clean Diesel Is Good Technology Today And For The Future (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Securities and Exchange Commission: Greater Attention Is Needed to Enhance Communication and Utilization of Resources in the Division of Enforcement (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prietto, M. (2015). No place like home: The problem and the promise of the home psychotherapy office. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Exploring Gender as Disguise and Identity. New York Times CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graham-Rowe, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Graham-Rowe, 2011; Katsir and Marmur, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katsir and Marmur, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lifshitz et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stem Cell
AbbreviationCell Stem Cell
ISSN (print)1934-5909
ISSN (online)1875-9777
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Medicine

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