How to format your references using the Cell Stem Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stem Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fletcher, J.D. (2009). Education and training technology in the military. Science 323, 72–75.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse, M., and Donaldson, A. (2001). Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature 410, 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thisse, B., Wright, C.V., and Thisse, C. (2000). Activin- and Nodal-related factors control antero-posterior patterning of the zebrafish embryo. Nature 403, 425–428.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bacaj, T., Tevlin, M., Lu, Y., and Shaham, S. (2008). Glia are essential for sensory organ function in C. elegans. Science 322, 744–747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J., and Roberts, R. (2015). Vital Signs for Nurses (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Monaghan, J. (2016). Tools and Mathematics (Cham: Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Hromkovič, J., Královič, R., Královič, R., and Štefanec, R. (2012). Determinism vs. Nondeterminism for Two-Way Automata. In Developments in Language Theory: 16th International Conference, DLT 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, August 14-17, 2012. Proceedings, H.-C. Yen, and O.H. Ibarra, eds. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), pp. 24–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stem Cell.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). WATCH: Live HD streaming Of Earth From The International Space Station (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Aviation Weather: FAA Needs to Resolve Questions Involving the Use of New Radars (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom, R.C. (2017). Digital Martyrs and Shadowless Assailants: The Projective Shadow’s Emergence in Cyberspace. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alderman, L. (2017). Europe Surveys the Gig Economy And Wants Worker Safeguards. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fletcher, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fletcher, 2009; Woolhouse and Donaldson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolhouse and Donaldson, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Bacaj et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stem Cell
AbbreviationCell Stem Cell
ISSN (print)1934-5909
ISSN (online)1875-9777
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Medicine

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