How to format your references using the Cell Stem Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stem Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. (2000). ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science 290, 1277–1279. .
A journal article with 2 authors
Pucadyil, T.J., and Schmid, S.L. (2009). Conserved functions of membrane active GTPases in coated vesicle formation. Science 325, 1217–1220. .
A journal article with 3 authors
Willis, G.L., Moore, C., and Armstrong, S.M. (2014). Parkinson’s disease, lights and melanocytes: looking beyond the retina. Sci. Rep. 4, 3921. .
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Seo, J., Park, S., Nam, S., Kim, H., and Kim, Y. (2013). Liquid crystal-on-organic field-effect transistor sensory devices for perceptive sensing of ultralow intensity gas flow touch. Sci. Rep. 3, 2452. .

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geyer, T. (2016). Model Predictive Control of High Power Convertersand Industrial Drives (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Hassmén, P. (2016). Rethinking Sport and Exercise Psychology Research: Past, Present and Future (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK).
A chapter in an edited book
Mazurek, K. (2015). Transformation of the Structure of the River Catchment Landscape Located in the Area of Intensive Coal Exploitation. In Landscape Analysis and Planning: Geographical Perspectives, M. Luc, U. Somorowska, and J.B. Szmańda, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 81–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stem Cell.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Used Cigarette Butts Could Be Used To Store Energy (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Aviation Security: Posting Notices at Domestic Airports (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hudson, N. (2017). Undocumented Latino Student Activists’ Funds of Knowledge: Transforming Social Movements. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003). A Block of Fabled Theaters May Get an Extended Run. New York Times 147. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff, 2000; Pucadyil and Schmid, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pucadyil and Schmid, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Seo et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stem Cell
AbbreviationCell Stem Cell
ISSN (print)1934-5909
ISSN (online)1875-9777
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Medicine

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