How to format your references using the Cell Stem Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stem Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manasse, H.R., Jr (2005). Public health. Conscientious objection and the pharmacist. Science 308, 1558–1559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspari, M., and Weiser, M.D. (2014). Ecology. Meet the new boss, same as the old boss. Science 343, 974–975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soukoulis, C.M., Linden, S., and Wegener, M. (2007). Physics. Negative refractive index at optical wavelengths. Science 315, 47–49.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ishii, H.A., Bradley, J.P., Dai, Z.R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A.T., Burchell, M.J., Browning, N.D., and Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science 319, 447–450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tannenbaum, L.V. (2013). Alternative Ecological Risk Assessment (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Saxena, A. ed. (2013). Sports Medicine and Arthroscopic Surgery of the Foot and Ankle (Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Badawi, R.A., and White, C.J. (2012). Renal and Mesenteric Intervention. In Peripheral and Cerebrovascular Intervention, D. L. Bhatt, ed. (Humana Press), pp. 79–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stem Cell.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). 10 Things Every Child With Autism Wishes You Knew. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Railroad Safety: Accident Trends and FRA Safety Programs (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby, A.E. (2012). A phenomenological heuristic study of psychosocial factors that contribute to African American females’ HIV seroconversion.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. (2016). Finding a Fairer Way to Decide Who’s Gifted. New York Times, BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stem Cell
AbbreviationCell Stem Cell
ISSN (print)1934-5909
ISSN (online)1875-9777
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Medicine

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