How to format your references using the Cancer Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Asphaug E. Adventures in near-Earth object exploration. Science 2006; 312: 1328–1329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armitage AE, Drakesmith H. Genetics. The battle for iron. Science 2014; 346: 1299–1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagkopoulos I, Liu Y-C, Tavazoie S. Predictive behavior within microbial genetic networks. Science 2008; 320: 1313–1317.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dai ZR, Bradley JP, Joswiak DJ, Brownlee DE, Hill HGM, Genge MJ. Possible in situ formation of meteoritic nanodiamonds in the early Solar System. Nature 2002; 418: 157–159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta J. Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Hayat MA (ed.). Gastrointestinal Carcinoma. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Daughenbaugh LR, Shaw EL. Judith Butler. In: Kirylo JD (ed). A Critical Pedagogy of Resistance: 34 Pedagogues We Need to Know. SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2013, pp 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Why You Shouldn’t Want To Always Be Happy. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Advance Sheets: Volume 73, Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo SX. Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Yankees’ Old Ways Catch Up With Them. New York Times. 2012; : D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Gene Therapy
AbbreviationCancer Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)0929-1903
ISSN (online)1476-5500
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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