How to format your references using the Cancer Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu X. Enhanced trion emission from colloidal quantum dots with photonic crystals by two-photon excitation. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 3228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pacala S, Socolow R. Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies. Science 2004; 305: 968–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mohr JT, Krout MR, Stoltz BM. Natural products as inspiration for the development of asymmetric catalysis. Nature 2008; 455: 323–332.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang S, Kanemitsu Y, Fujitani M, Yamashita T. The newly identified migration inhibitory protein regulates the radial migration in the developing neocortex. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King M. Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
roJoint Chairman, Cordier J-L, Gram L, Tompkin RB, roJoint Chairman, Gorris LGM et al. (eds.). Micro-Organisms in Foods 6: Microbial Ecology of Food Commodities. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Olivas F, Valdez F, Castillo O. A Comparative Study of Membership Functions for an Interval Type-2 Fuzzy System used to Dynamic Parameter Adaptation in Particle Swarm Optimization. In: Castillo O, Melin P, Pedrycz W, Kacprzyk J (eds). Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014, pp 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Andrews R. China Is Now Home To The World’s Largest Floating Solar Power Plant. IFLScience. 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Additional Actions Could Strengthen the Security of Intermodal Transportation Facilities. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stewart AR. Entrepreneurial perception: A survey of graduates of a global management MBA program. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. No ‘Yucks’ Allowed. New York Times. 2008; : NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Gene Therapy
AbbreviationCancer Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)0929-1903
ISSN (online)1476-5500
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

Other styles