How to format your references using the Cancer Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Arnqvist G. Comment on ‘Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection’. Science 2013; 340: 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Magurran AE, Henderson PA. Explaining the excess of rare species in natural species abundance distributions. Nature 2003; 422: 714–716.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang H, Opresko P, Myong S. Single-molecule real-time detection of telomerase extension activity. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6391.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pocai A, Lam TKT, Gutierrez-Juarez R, Obici S, Schwartz GJ, Bryan J et al. Hypothalamic K(ATP) channels control hepatic glucose production. Nature 2005; 434: 1026–1031.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden BJ. Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Bertail P, Soulier P, Doukhan P (eds.). Dependence in Probability and Statistics. Springer: New York, NY, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Imamura T, Yamada S, Machida M. Over 10 TFLOPS Computation for a Huge Sparse Eigensolver on the Earth Simulator. In: Resch M, Bönisch T, Benkert K, Bez W, Furui T, Seo Y (eds). High Performance Computing on Vector Systems: Proceedings of the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, March 2005. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006, pp 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Gene Therapy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Scientists In Germany Just Switched On The World’s Largest ‘Artificial Sun’. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer Technology: Air Attack Warning System Cannot Process All Radar Track Data. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weitkunat S. Facies and Log Analysis of the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. A Guide to Screen Cred. New York Times. 2017; : C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Gene Therapy
AbbreviationCancer Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)0929-1903
ISSN (online)1476-5500
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

Other styles