How to format your references using the Cancer Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ittekkot V. Geochemistry. A new story from the Ol’ Man River. Science 2003; 301: 56–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gatfield D, Schibler U. Physiology. Proteasomes keep the circadian clock ticking. Science 2007; 316: 1135–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eggleton PP, Dearborn DSP, Lattanzio JC. Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis. Science 2006; 314: 1580–1583.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Okamoto K, Iwai Y, Oh-Hora M, Yamamoto M, Morio T, Aoki K et al. IkappaBzeta regulates T(H)17 development by cooperating with ROR nuclear receptors. Nature 2010; 464: 1381–1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones P, Burger J. Configuring SAP® ERP Financials and Controlling. Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2009.
An edited book
Dayou J. Ground-Based Aerosol Optical Depth Measurement Using Sunphotometers. Springer: Singapore, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghasemzadeh H, Guenterberg E, Jafari R. Lightweight Signal Processing for Wearable Body Sensor Networks. In: Bonfiglio A, De Rossi D (eds). Wearable Monitoring Systems. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2011, pp 99–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Gene Therapy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. The Philae Lander Is Officially Dead. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. First Look at Senior Executive Service Performance Awards/NASA. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bourne BB. Phenomenological study of response to organizational change: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Posters of Upscale Batterers Show That Class Offers No Immunity. New York Times. 2002; : 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Gene Therapy
AbbreviationCancer Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)0929-1903
ISSN (online)1476-5500
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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