How to format your references using the Cancer Gene Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Gene Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Gene therapy institute denies that errors led to trial death. Nature 2000; 403: 820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Broecker WS, Clark E. Glacial-to-Holocene redistribution of carbonate ion in the deep sea. Science 2001; 294: 2152–2155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jayne BC, Voris HK, Ng PKL. Snake circumvents constraints on prey size. Nature 2002; 418: 143.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li H, Dong B, Zhang Z, Zhang HF, Sun C. A transparent broadband ultrasonic detector based on an optical micro-ring resonator for photoacoustic microscopy. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohanty S, Ghosh R. Planning a Scientific Career in Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Zhou X, Sokolsky O, Yan L, Jung E-S, Shao Z, Mu Y et al. (eds.). Emerging Directions in Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing: EUC 2006 Workshops: NCUS, SecUbiq, USN, TRUST, ESO, and MSA, Seoul, Korea, August 1-4, 2006. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagoshi JL, Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S. Transgender and Trans-Identity Theory. In: Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S (eds). Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory. Springer: New York, NY, 2014, pp 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Gene Therapy.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Secrets Of What Ancient Mummies Look Like Under Their Wrappings Are Finally Being Revealed. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Actions to Mitigate Aircraft Noise at Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mackay EA. Title I funding allocation of reserve funds after increased standards for academic proficiency under the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression. New York Times. 2010; : B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Gene Therapy
AbbreviationCancer Gene Ther.
ISSN (print)0929-1903
ISSN (online)1476-5500
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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