How to format your references using the Canadian Pharmacists Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Pharmacists Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schiermeier Q. Bid to end EU’s transgenic impasse. Nature. 2001 Oct 18;413(6857):661.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Guo Z, Ohlstein B. Stem cell regulation. Bidirectional Notch signaling regulates Drosophila intestinal stem cell multipotency. Science. 2015 Nov 20;350(6263).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bhandawat V, Reisert J, Yau K-W. Elementary response of olfactory receptor neurons to odorants. Science. 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1931–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mindell JA, Maduke M, Miller C, Grigorieff N. Projection structure of a ClC-type chloride channel at 6.5 A resolution. Nature. 2001 Jan 11;409(6817):219–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baker KR. Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Wolpert D. Managing Temperature Effects in Nanoscale Adaptive Systems. Ampadu P, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XXII, 174 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Boiten E, Grundy D. The Logic of Large Enough. In: Bolduc C, Desharnais J, Ktari B, editors. Mathematics of Program Construction: 10th International Conference, MPC 2010, Québec City, Canada, June 21-23, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 42–57. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Pharmacists Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Scientists Hypnotize Baby Sea Turtles For Science [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-hypnotize-baby-sea-turtles-science/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Industrial Policy: Japan’s Flexible Approach. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jun. Report No.: ID-82-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rodriguez Gamez LI. New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Bury Lenin? Russian Minister Stirs Debate Over Soviet Past. New York Times. 2012 Jun 14;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Pharmacists Journal
AbbreviationCan. Pharm. J. (Ott.)
ISSN (print)1715-1635
ISSN (online)1913-701X
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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