How to format your references using the Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery MH (2008) Astronomy. The pulse of distant stars. Science 322:536–537
A journal article with 2 authors
Cafaro J, Rieke F (2010) Noise correlations improve response fidelity and stimulus encoding. Nature 468:964–967
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier RP, Cao C, Simon DF (2006) Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science 312:58–59
A journal article with 5 or more authors
O’Neill MA, Eberhard S, Albersheim P, Darvill AG (2001) Requirement of borate cross-linking of cell wall rhamnogalacturonan II for Arabidopsis growth. Science 294:846–849

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu W, Pecht M (2005) IC Component Sockets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nishida T (2014) Conversational Informatics: A Data-Intensive Approach with Emphasis on Nonverbal Communication. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Azócar Fernández PI, Buchroithner MF (2014) Tendencies in Contemporary Cartography. In: Buchroithner MF (ed) Paradigms in Cartography: An Epistemological Review of the 20th and 21st Centuries. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) What Happens If 10 ml Of Elemental Mercury Is Injected Intravenously. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/what-happens-if-10-ml-elemental-mercury-injected-intravenously/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Relaxation of the Common Failure Rate Assumption in Modelling Software Reliability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bortle CD (2010) The role of mnemonic acronyms in clinical emergency medicine: A grounded theory study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2016) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM38

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montgomery 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Montgomery 2008; Cafaro and Rieke 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cafaro and Rieke 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Neill et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
AbbreviationBull. Earthquake Eng.
ISSN (print)1570-761X
ISSN (online)1573-1456
ScopeGeophysics
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles