How to format your references using the Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2006) Ticking the right boxes. Nature 439:533
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhao Z, Arruda EM (2014) Materials science. An internal cure for damaged polymers. Science 344:591–592
A journal article with 3 authors
Krumholz MR, McKee CF, Klein RI (2005) The formation of stars by gravitational collapse rather than competitive accretion. Nature 438:332–334
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Croué J, West NJ, Escande M-L, et al (2013) A single betaproteobacterium dominates the microbial community of the crambescidine-containing sponge Crambe crambe. Sci Rep 3:2583

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD (2012) Becoming a Consummate Clinician. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Albrecht-Schmitt TE (ed) (2008) Organometallic and Coordination Chemistry of the Actinides. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Heinzmann G, Trognon A, Tremblay F (2014) Correspondence Between Evert Willem Beth and Jean Piaget (1951–1955). In: Rebuschi M, Batt M, Heinzmann G, et al. (eds) Interdisciplinary Works in Logic, Epistemology, Psychology and Linguistics: Dialogue, Rationality, and Formalism. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) What Is Love? Here’s The Science…. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges in Modernizing the Agency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oates PE (2009) Leadership transactions impacting transformation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Beach Rats. New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2006; Zhao and Arruda 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhao and Arruda 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Croué et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
AbbreviationBull. Earthquake Eng.
ISSN (print)1570-761X
ISSN (online)1573-1456
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles