How to format your references using the Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kadanoff LP (2013) Kenneth Geddes Wilson (1936-2013). Nature 500:30
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan ES, Deisenhofer J (2001) Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science 292:1160–1164
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang P, Cohen RE, Haule K (2015) Effects of electron correlations on transport properties of iron at Earth’s core conditions. Nature 517:605–607
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Erlandson KJ, Miller SBM, Nam Y, et al (2008) A role for the two-helix finger of the SecA ATPase in protein translocation. Nature 455:984–987

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Briffaut J-P (2015) E-Enabled Operations Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Friemel TN (ed) (2008) Why Context Matters: Applications of Social Network Analysis. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden
A chapter in an edited book
Morgenstern J, Garg D, Pfenning F (2012) A Proof-Carrying File System with Revocable and Use-Once Certificates. In: Meadows C, Fernandez-Gago C (eds) Security and Trust Management: 7th International Workshop, STM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 40–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Titan’s Seas Are Made Of Pure Methane. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/cassini-new-depth-look-seas-titan/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Transportation Safety: Medical Certification and Background Check Requirements for Pilots, Vessel Masters, and Commercial Drivers Vary. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kazadi MM (2013) Use of Data Fusion and SPC in Vibrations Detection. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Thrush G, Itzkoff D (2017) After Star Turn, Spicer Says He Regrets Berating Press Over Inauguration Crowds. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kadanoff 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Istvan and Deisenhofer 2001; Kadanoff 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Istvan and Deisenhofer 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Erlandson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Earthquake Engineering
AbbreviationBull. Earthquake Eng.
ISSN (print)1570-761X
ISSN (online)1573-1456
ScopeGeophysics
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles