How to format your references using the BRQ Business Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BRQ Business Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strom, S.L., 2008. Microbial ecology of ocean biogeochemistry: a community perspective. Science 320, 1043–1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J.B., Ricklefs, R.E., 2009. Adaptation and diversification on islands. Nature 457, 830–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, T.J., Brownfield, D.G., Krasnow, M.A., 2014. Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer. Nature 507, 190–194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beebe, K., Mock, M., Merriman, E., Schimmel, P., 2008. Distinct domains of tRNA synthetase recognize the same base pair. Nature 451, 90–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tripathi, N., Singh, R.S., Hills, C.D., 2016. Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jackson, M.O., McLennan, A. (Eds.), 2008. Foundations in Microeconomic Theory: A Volume in Honor of Hugo F. Sonnenschein. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemaire, F., Ürgüplü, A., 2012. MABSys: Modeling and Analysis of Biological Systems, in: Horimoto, K., Nakatsui, M., Popov, N. (Eds.), Algebraic and Numeric Biology: 4th International Conference, ANB 2010, Hagenberg, Austria, July 31- August 2, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BRQ Business Research Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Dads Get Postnatal Depression Too [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration (No. HRD-79-103). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, B., 2017. Repercussions of the Dark Valley - Reenacting And Reinterpreting an Era via Fantasy Manga (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2015. The Dangers of a Student Data Clampdown. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strom, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Losos and Ricklefs, 2009; Strom, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos and Ricklefs, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Beebe et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBRQ Business Research Quarterly
ISSN (print)2340-9436

Other styles