How to format your references using the BRQ Business Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BRQ Business Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ostrom, E., 2009. A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science 325, 419–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lau, H., Maniscalco, B., 2010. Neuroscience. Should confidence be trusted? Science 329, 1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beddington, J.R., Agnew, D.J., Clark, C.W., 2007. Current problems in the management of marine fisheries. Science 316, 1713–1716.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilk, T., Webster, S.C., Kuhn, A., Rempe, G., 2007. Single-atom single-photon quantum interface. Science 317, 488–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prazeres, D.M.F., 2011. Plasmid Biopharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Thomas, E.A. (Ed.), 2016. Broken Pumps and Promises: Incentivizing Impact in Environmental Health, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Alexander, Z., Mytkowicz, T., Diwan, A., Bradley, E., 2010. Measurement and Dynamical Analysis of Computer Performance Data, in: Cohen, P.R., Adams, N.M., Berthold, M.R. (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis IX: 9th International Symposium, IDA 2010, Tucson, AZ, USA, May 19-21, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 18–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BRQ Business Research Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Stunning New Photograph Of Medusa Nebula [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. Status of Trident and SSN-688 Submarine Construction (No. MASAD-83-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Catt, B.S., 2010. The reduction of surgical errors through a development of safety culture, teamwork, and communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006. Endless Options in a Wrap. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ostrom, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lau and Maniscalco, 2010; Ostrom, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lau and Maniscalco, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilk et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBRQ Business Research Quarterly
ISSN (print)2340-9436

Other styles