How to format your references using the BRQ Business Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BRQ Business Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, E., 2015. Physics. Controlling friction atom by atom. Science 348, 1089.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza, J.M., Paulsson, J., 2008. Effects of molecular memory and bursting on fluctuations in gene expression. Science 319, 339–343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reimand, J., Wagih, O., Bader, G.D., 2013. The mutational landscape of phosphorylation signaling in cancer. Sci. Rep. 3, 2651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wunderlich, T., Akgenc, B., Eckern, U., Schuster, C., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2013. Modified Li chains as atomic switches. Sci. Rep. 3, 2605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Faticoni, T.G., 2006. The Mathematics of Infinity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Adams, R., Gibson, S., Arisona, S.M. (Eds.), 2008. Transdisciplinary Digital Art. Sound, Vision and the New Screen: Digital Art Weeks and Interactive Futures 2006/2007, Zurich, Switzerland and Victoria, BC, Canada. Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso, P., 2011. Mendelssohn on Lambert’s Neues Organon, in: Munk, R. (Ed.), Moses Mendelssohn’s Metaphysics and Aesthetics, Studies in German Idealism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BRQ Business Research Quarterly.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. A British Man May Have Been Cured Of HIV [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitary Conditions at Food Shortage Warehouses (No. 095804). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut, C.W., 2012. Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. California Town and Its Public Retirees Reel Under $1.6 Million Pension Bill. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer, 2015; Pedraza and Paulsson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedraza and Paulsson, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wunderlich et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBRQ Business Research Quarterly
ISSN (print)2340-9436

Other styles