How to format your references using the BRQ Business Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BRQ Business Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2006. Biomedical funding remains flat. Nature 439, 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance, W.F., Luizão, R.C.C., 2007. Driving a wedge into the Amazon. Nature 448, 409–410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodroffe, R., Hedges, S., Durant, S.M., 2014. Ecology. To fence or not to fence. Science 344, 46–48.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
O’Hora, D., Dale, R., Piiroinen, P.T., Connolly, F., 2013. Local dynamics in decision making: The evolution of preference within and across decisions. Sci. Rep. 3, 2210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uriev, N.B., 2016. Technology of Dispersed Systems and Materials. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bonato, A., Janssen, J. (Eds.), 2012. Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph: 9th International Workshop, WAW 2012, Halifax, NS, Canada, June 22-23, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cañada, A., Villegas, S., 2015. Systems of Equations, in: Villegas, S. (Ed.), A Variational Approach to Lyapunov Type Inequalities: From ODEs to PDEs, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 95–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BRQ Business Research Quarterly.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Ultra-Thin Membranes Could Lead To Chip-Sized Electroosmotic Pumps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Homeland Security: Efforts Under Way to Develop Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains (No. GAO-04-777). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prietto, M., 2015. No place like home: The problem and the promise of the home psychotherapy office (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2017. The Ashes That Got Away. New York Times SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2006; Laurance and Luizão, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurance and Luizão, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Hora et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBRQ Business Research Quarterly
ISSN (print)2340-9436

Other styles