How to format your references using the BRQ Business Research Quarterly citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BRQ Business Research Quarterly. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarmiento, E.E., 2010. Comment on the paleobiology and classification of Ardipithecus ramidus. Science 328, 1105; author reply 1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klett, E.L., Patel, S.B., 2004. Biomedicine. Will the real cholesterol transporter please stand up. Science 303, 1149–1150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shembade, N., Ma, A., Harhaj, E.W., 2010. Inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling by A20 through disruption of ubiquitin enzyme complexes. Science 327, 1135–1139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, L., Gattass, R.R., Gershgoren, E., Hwang, H., Fourkas, J.T., 2009. Achieving lambda/20 resolution by one-color initiation and deactivation of polymerization. Science 324, 910–913.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Callard, F., Sartorius, N., Arboleda-Flórez, J., Bartlett, P., Helmchen, H., Stuart, H., Taborda, J., Thornicroft, G., 2012. Mental Illness, Discrimination and the Law. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
U, S.-P., 2006. Design of Very High-Frequency Multirate Switched-Capacitor Circuits: Extending the Boundaries of CMOS Analog Front-End Filtering, The International Series in Engineering and Computer Science, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Jackman, A.L., Jansen, G., Ng, M., 2011. Folate Receptor Targeted Thymidylate Synthase Inhibitors, in: Jackman, A.L., Leamon, C.P. (Eds.), Targeted Drug Strategies for Cancer and Inflammation. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 93–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BRQ Business Research Quarterly.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. How Poor NHS Testing And Antibiotic Use Is Creating Super-Strength Cystitis [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: The District of Columbia Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring Vital Services Are Not Disrupted (No. T-AIMD-99-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware, S.C., 2014. Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in older women: A modifiable lifestyle risk factor (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Collins-Hughes, L., 2017. The God of Wine’s Grand Plan in the Garden State. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarmiento, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Klett and Patel, 2004; Sarmiento, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klett and Patel, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleBRQ Business Research Quarterly
ISSN (print)2340-9436

Other styles